The National day of Yemen is on May 22. It is also called Unity Day, Republic day, or Day of National Unity. It is celebrated in remembrance of the day of unification of South Yemen with North Yemen. A speech is broadcasted on television and radio by President, and State decorations are awarded to citizens on this day.
The national anthem of Yemen is Al-Jumhūrīyah al-Muttaḥidâh. Abdullah Al-Fadhool Abdukwahab noman was the writer of the national anthem. Ayub Tarish composed it. This anthem was used by People’s Democratic Republic of South Yemen and after the merger of both countries in one; it became the national anthem of the whole country. The first few lines of the anthem are as follows:
“Repeat, O World, my song.
Echo it over and over again.
Remember, through my joy, each martyr.
Clothe him with the shining mantles of our festivals.”
Yemen National Anthem Video And Download Link:
Yemen National Anthem Audio And Download Link:
The national flag of Yemen was adopted when south and north Yemen unified in 22nd May 1990. The flag used by Yemen was the Arab Liberation Flag in 1952. It was introduced in 1952 when the dominant theme was Arab nationalism after the Revolution of Egypt. Since its beginning, the flag of Yemen consists of tricolor design, black, red, and while. White is said to represent the bright future of the country. Black is used to representing dark days of past and red is used to represent the blood and struggle of Yemen to get independence. It also models the south and north divisions of the country.
The national emblem of the coat of arms is composed of a golden eagle. The golden eagle bears a shield with the Marib Dam and a plant of coffee. Yemen national flags are on left and right of the flag. A scroll scripted in Arabic with the name of the country is in the talons of the eagle.
Arabic and Modern Standard Arabic are the most spoken languages of Yemen. The dialect of Arabic in Yemen is a mixture of many varieties of dialects spoken in southwestern Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Djibouti, and Yemen. The Arabic spoken in Yemen is considered to be a very ancient, conservative, and classic dialect of Arabic and is not spoken in other countries where Arabic is spoken. Yemeni Arabic influences Himyaritic, Modern South Arabian as well as old South Arabian languages.
Capital of Yemen
Sana’s is the capital of Yemen. It is located at the western side of Mount Nuqum. It is located at a 7200-meter elevation above sea level. The meaning of Sana’a is Fortified place. It is the major religious, economic, and political center of Yemen from centuries. Sana’s is the oldest and always inhibited city in the country for centuries. It became national capital after the defeat of Ottoman in World War 1. The capital of Yemen is disputed between two cities, Sana’a and Aden. Aden is the government seat of Houtis and Aden is declared temporary capital in 2015 by President Hadi.
The national and official currency of Yemen is Yemeni Rial. In 1990, 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 rial banknotes were in circulation. In 1993, coins replaced the notes of 1 and 5. 200 rials were introduced in 1996, and 500-rial notes were introduced in 1997. In 1998, 1000 rials notes were introduced.
The coins are not in use since the unification of north and south Yemen in 1990. New coins were introduced in 1993 by Central Bank of Yemen. They had a denomination of 1 and 5 rials, and in 1995 10 rials coin were introduced. In 2004, 20-rial coins were introduced.
The traditional dress of Yemen consists of futa skirt and thoobs. Thoobs is a long sleeved ankle-length garment. It is common traditional wear in Arab countries. It comes in white, beige, and brown colors and also made in light material and fabric in hot weather. Fuba is a skirt that is wrapped around the body.
These are usually handmade and worn by tribal people. They can have checkered as well as plain color and patterns and are very convenient to wear. Fuba is popular wear among men; Men also wear headgears of varied variety including alqaweq and turban. The most popular female dress is Sana’ani curtain type dress. It is a bright color cloth wrapped around the body. This dress is called Al-Masoon. A separate piece of cloth that covers the head is called Al-Mamo.
Waddah al-Yemen is the national poet of Yemen. His real name was Abdul Rehman. He was an Arab poet. He died in 708. Waddah was one of the greatest Ummayyad poets and his mirthful and irreverent Sana’ani, which makes his poetry distinct.
Yemenia is the national airline and flag carrier of Yemen. It is based in capital city Sana’a. It is a member of the Arab air carrier Organization. It operates domestic as well as international flights to Africa, Europe, the Middle East, and Asia. After nationalization of 1972, it was renamed to Yemen Airways Corporation. It operates scheduled flights to 29 destinations.
The national museum of Yemen was found in 1971. It is located in Al-Tahreer center. The museum has collected artifacts of Yemen history and culture from different archeological sites. The museum was recently moved to a new building known as Dar-al-Sada. The move was because of the requirement of large space to preserve the artifacts of Yemen culture and history. It contains about 30,000 antique pieces and artifacts.
The national library of Yemen is called National Library of Yemen. It is located in the capital city of Yemen, Sana’a. It is located near Ministry Museum and Al-Tahir Square. It contains collections of English as well as French books about Yemen.
Althawra Sports City Stadium is the main stadium of Yemen. It is a multipurpose stadium located in the capital city, Sana’a. It is mostly used for Football matches. The stadium has a capacity of 30,000 people. It was opened in 1986. It is home for national Football Team of Yemen. It was once destroyed by a Saudi airstrike on Yemen. Stadium also suffered bombing in 2016.
Football is the most popular game in Yemen. The Yemen national Football team competes in FIFA league and AFC league. Two national teams of football also existed before the north, and south Yemen united in 1990. The North Yemen football team is considered the successor of National football team. Yemen national football team has never been able to get qualified for the FIFA world cup. However, Youth teams performance is improving.
Yemen does not have any permanent rivers. It has large and numerous wadis, which are either permanently or dry riverbed.
Sarawat Mountains are mountains situated to the west of southern Sana’a, Yemen. It has an elevation of 3666 meters. It is the highest mountain in Yemen as well as the Arabian Peninsula. It is one of the greatest and prominent peaks in the world and also the the third most prominent peak in the entire Middle East.
The Socotra Dragon tree or Dragon’s Blood tree is the Official National tree of Yemen. It is also called Dragon’s blood. Its scientific name is Dracaena cinnabari.
The floral Arabian Jasmine is the National flower of Yemen. Its scientific name is Jasminum sambac.
Arabian leopard is the national animal of Yemen. It has a thick coat of fur and dark stripes. It is considered a combination of grace, strength, agility, and power. It is one the most endangered species of animals and most iconic species of Middle East.
Yemen did not have an official bird before however; Yemen Council of Ministers recently approved the Golden-winged Grosbeak as the national bird of Yemen. Its scientific name is Rhynchostruthus percivali.
Saltah is the most famous Yemeni dish. It is widely eaten in northern areas of the country. It is mostly served for lunch. The base of this dish is brown meat stew known as maraq, fenugreek froth, and sahawiq or sahowqa (a mixture of chilies, tomatoes, garlic, and herbs grounded in salsa). Yemeni cuisine is distinct from the other Middle Eastern cuisines. It also has a degree of regional variation.
Coffee and tea is consumed all over Yemen. Coffee is the most preferred drink in capital city of Yemen, Sana’a. Black tea is the beverage of choice in cities like Aden and Hadhramaut.
Nativity of Saint John the Baptist Day is celebrated on 24th June each year. Eid-ul-Fitr is celebrated on June 5th and 6th. Revolution Day is celebrated on 26th September. Rabi al Awall is celebrated on November 10th. Independence Day is celebrated on November 30th.
The Gross domestic product of Yemen is 18.21 billion US dollars as of 2016.GNI per capita is2380 PPP dollars as of 2016. Yemen’s domestic economy is mainly dependent on oil.. Non-oil exports of Yemen are agricultural products, mostly fish products, vegetables, and fruits. In 2005 Asia was the most important market for Yemen’s exports, mainly China, Thailand, and Japan.