The Independence Day of Vanuatu is celebrated on 30th July each year. It is celebrated to remember the year 1980 when it gained independence from France and the British. The decolonization process started in the 1960s. It is widely celebrated throughout the country every year. Military parade, sports competitions, and performances are some of the celebrations that take place on Independence Day of Vanuatu. In 2019, Vanuatu will celebrate its 39th year of independence.
The national anthem of Vanuatu is “Yumi, Yumi, Yumi,” translated in English as “We, We, We.” It was written and composed by Francois Vincent. Vanuatu adopted this national anthem in 1980. The chorus of the national anthem of Vanuatu in English is:
“We are, we are, we are happy to proclaim.
We are, we are, we are the people of Vanuatu.”
Vanuatu National Anthem Video And Download Link:
Vanuatu National Anthem Audio And Download Link:
The national flag of Vanuatu was adopted on February 18, 1980. Y shape in the flag of Vanuatu represents the chain of islands of Vanuatu that are in shape of Y. When the party that led Vanuatu to independence won, its flag’s colors were made the national flag of Vanuatu. The green color is used to represent the richness of its islands. The red color is used to symbolize the blood of men and boars, and black color is used to symbolize the black color of old Vanuatu people that settled here. The emblem inside black color is tusk of boar. This is a token of peace for Vanuatu people. Its leaflets represent 39 leaflets that are used to represent 39 members of Parliament.
Official languages of Vanuatu are French, English, and Bislama. Bislama is a creole language that is derived from English. In recent years, the use of Bislama language is on the rise. Vanuatu has the highest per capital language in the whole world with 138 indigenous languages. English is the second highest spoken language of Vanuatu, while French is the third highest spoken.
Capital of Vanuatu
Port-Vila is the capital city of Vanuatu. It is also the largest city of Vanuatu. It is located at the Efate Island. The population of Vanuatu is 44,040 as of 2015. It is the economic hub and commercial center of the country. It’s one of the major harbors, and the international airport is located in this city. Fishing and agriculture are major industries of Port-Vila. It is also a major hub for tourism in the country, especially from countries of New Zealand and Australia. In 1997, there were over 50,000 visitors in the city. About 35.7% of exports of the country leave from the city of Port-Vila as well as imports of 86.9% arrive in this city.
The national currency of Vanuatuis Vanuatu Vatu. Its sign is VT and is abbreviated as VUV. The currency was first introduced in 1981. It was introduced after the independence of one year. It replaced the old currency of New Hebrides franc used in the country. It was introduced as a single unit having no subdivisions. The first coin introduced was in 1891. It was introduced after the colonial era and was a 50 vatu coin. The 1, 2 and 5 vatu are same size and design as of 5, 10 and 20 centimes of old French Franc because of its French colonial history. 1 and 2 vatu were ceased to issue in 2011 by Reserve Bank of Vatu.
The traditional dress of Vanuatu contains skirts made of fiber that does not contain a blouse or top. Men in Vanuatu wear a loincloth, which is a traditional dress as well as shorts and a T-shirt. People living in cities of Vanuatu wear the western and modern style of clothing. People living in villages wear western as well as local and traditional dresses.
Grace Mera Molisa was a famous Vanuatu poet and politician. He was also an activist for equality of women in politics. She was described as the voice for people of Vanuatu and its women. She was also considered one of the remarkable activist and leader of the Pacific. She was also the first women in the country to get a Bachelor’s degree in education.
Air Vanuatu is the national airline of Vanuatu. Its head office is located in the city of Port Vila, Vanuatu. It is the flag carrier of the nation. This airline was established in 1981. It was established the following year after Vanuatu gained independence from France and the United Kingdom.
The national museum of Vanuatu is National Museum Vanuatu. It is located in Port Vila at the Institute of Cultural Center. It exhibits the culture and history of people of the Pacific. It was established in 1951. It has a collection of traditional artifacts as well as archaeological collections.
The national library of Vanuatu is National Library Vanuatu. It is located in the cultural center of city Port Vila. It has a collection of around 15,000 books as well as rare and historical material on Vantu language, art, autobiographies, and biographies as well. The library was established in April 2004.
Korman Stadium is the main stadium of Vanuatu. It is located in the city of Port Vila. It is the main stadium for the national football team of Vanuatu. It has a seating capacity of 6,500 people. It was named after the head of Republican Political party, named Maxime Carlot Korman.
The most popular game in Vanuatu is association football. Vanuatu became the FIFA and OFC member in 1988. Vanuatu trains its players with advanced technical programs. National Olympic Committee of Vanuatu was formed in March 1987. The longest federation membership of Vanuatu is basketball championship when in 1966, it joined FIBA (International Federation of Basketball).
Download Vanuatu National Stadium image
Two famous rivers of Vanuatu are Lololima River and Sarakata river.
Mount Tabwemasana is the highest mountain in Vanuatu. Its height is 1879 meters. Mount Gharat is the second highest mountain of Vanuatu, standing at the height of 797 meters.
Vanuatu Zoological garden is known as the tourist aquarium. It is located in Port Vila. It was built in the year 1906. The Vanuatu zoo is famous among tourists. It has a history of conversation of wildlife creature.
Hibiscus is the national flower of Vanuatu. Its scientific name is Hibiscus brackenridgei. Its intriguing beauty and color make it famous among people of Vanuatu. It is used to Hibiscus tea. It can be found all over Vanuatu. It is native to Asia tropical region and also has a religious history. It is also called as Queen of Tropical Flowers.
The banyan tree is a famous tree of Vanuatu. Coconut palms are other famous trees of Vanuatu.
National animal of Vanuatu is Iguana. The iguana was introduced in the 1960s as a feral animal. They were native to Fiji islands and were taken in Vanuatu on rafts many years ago. They are big and can grow up to 80 cm in length. They are a great climber and sleep in treetops, wrapping themselves around branches of trees. They have sharp claws that are also used for climbing. They are very sensitive to light, and male iguanas have banding on their skin.
Tropical birds and Grebes are famous birds of Vanuatu.
Jackfruits, Breadfruits, and Golden Apple are native and popular fruits of Vanuatu. Pummelo is a famous fruit of Vanuatu. There are many weird and unheard of fruits available in Vanuatu that is not available elsewhere.
Laplap is the national dish of Vanuatu. It is a pudding-like dish. It has a vegetable paste that is made by mashing and grating bananas, taro, yam roots, and breadfruit. The paste is then cooked in a ground stove of hot stone after wrapping in banana leaves and is cooked with coconut milk. Pork, chicken, and beef is also mostly added in the mixture. It is a staple dish for people of Vanuatu.
Kava is a traditional and popular drink of Vanuatu. It is a non-alcoholic drink. It is mostly drunk at dusk by men and women equally. There are many varieties of kava in Vanuatu. It can be made from mild to very strong, and string kava can have a very strong effect that can make you sleep for days. It can also cause numbness of the tongue, heightened awareness, and sensitivity to light and sound.
New Year is celebrated on January 1st each year. Remembrance Day also called as Father Walter Lini day is celebrated on 21st February. Kastom Chiefs Day is celebrated on 5th March. Independence Day is celebrated on 30th July.
The Gross domestic product of Vanuatu of the year 2017 was 862.9 million US dollars. GNI per capita is 3170 PPP dollars in 2017. In 2019 index, the score of economic freedom in Vanuatu is 116th. 13.1 points decrease the score after a fiscal collapse. Among the countries of the Asia-Pacific region, the rank of Vanuatu is 26th. There are few exports from Vanuatu. Economic development is slow due to natural disasters and fragile infrastructure.