The National day of Uganda is celebrated on 9th October each year. On October 9, 1962, Uganda got independence from the United Kingdom. It was a parliamentary monarchy at the time of British rule. British Government annexed Buganda and other small territories to create Uganda in 1894.
The national anthem of Uganda is“Oh Uganda! Land of Beauty”. George Wilberforce Kakoma composed its words and music. It was made Ugandans national anthem in 1962. It is the shortest anthem in the worlds and contains only eight music bars. To lengthen it, it is performed with two more verses. It has been translated to 25 main languages of Uganda.
Uganda National Anthem Video And Download Link:
Uganda National Anthem Audio And Download Link:
The national flag of Uganda consists of six bands of black color at the top. At the bottom, the bands are in colors of yellow, black, red and yellow. There is a white disc in the center. Within the disc is the national symbol of Uganda that is a crowned crane. The symbol faces the hoisting side. It was designed by Grace Ibingira, Minister of Justice of Uganda. The three black colors of the flag represent the black people of Uganda. Yellow color represents the sunshine of Africa, and the red color is used to symbolize the blood that connects African. It was approved by British administration before Uganda’s independence.
English is the official language of Uganda. It was adopted during the colonial era of Uganda. English was introduced in Uganda through the education system and missionary work. After independence, English remained the official language of Uganda because it had made its way into all administrative, legislature and educational institute and sectors of Uganda. Its diversity of languages also made it difficult to adopt another language as the official language. Uganda is a multilingual country having forty-three languages. These languages fall into four families, two languages fall in Kuliak family, while others fall in Nilotic, Bantu and Central Sudanic family. Forty-one of these languages are indigenous while two of them are non-indigenous.
Capital of Uganda
Kampala is the capital of Uganda. It is also the largest city of Uganda and contains several hills. It is located in the southern area of the country. It lies in the north of previous capital of the country in the 19th century, Buganda. In 1890, Kampala was selected as headquartered of Imperial British Africa Company by Captain Frederick Lugard. Kampala is situated in the most flourishing area of agriculture. This city produces the majority of food and furniture supplies. Large firms and chief markets of Uganda are situated in Kampala. This city also has many big Muslim mosques, Christian temples as well as Hindu temples. It is also the hub of the national road network.
The national currency of Uganda is Ugandan shillings. Its symbol and code is UGX. The Central Bank of Uganda issued bank notes of currency. Top conversion of Ugandan currency is into US dollars. It was officially divided into cents previously, but after 2013, the division is discontinued. Ugandan shilling replaced East African shilling in 1966. After high inflation, new Ugandan shelling was introduced in 1987 that was worth 100 to old shillings. Shilling is widely used in Uganda’s financial sectors. US dollars are also widely used and accepted. Euro and sterling are also popularly used.
Gomesi is the traditional dress of Uganda. It is made from cotton and is designed as a loose dress. People of ethnic Baganda first introduced it. Presently, Kiganda and other ethnicities of people also wear it as their traditional dress. It was a part of the culture of Uganda long before the arrival of missionaries in Uganda. However, previously it was made from bark cloth, but later it was changed to cotton cloth. Various colors and fabric variations were also introduced in this dress after the arrival of Indians. It is a floor length dress with bright colors. It has a square neckline with short sleeves.it has two buttons on the neckline and is made of silk, linen and cotton fabric.
Okot p’ Bitek was a popular poet of Uganda. He became widely popular internationally because of his poem “Song of Lawino.” It was a long poem that described the story of a rural woman of Uganda, whose husband was westernized and had taken up urban life. It was first written in Acholi language and was published in 1966. This poem created an audience in Africans for poetry and also for English and international media.
Uganda Airlines is the national airline of Uganda. Its official name is Uganda National Airlines Company. It was established in March 1976. After the first liquidation of Uganda airlines in 1976, Uganda was without an airline until 2001. Government is trying to revive the airline since 2013. However, the company is training pilots and starting to function again in 2019.
Uganda Museum is the national museum of Uganda. It is situated in Kampala. It has a collection of the cultural, historical collection of the culture of Uganda. Governor George Wilson in 1908 founded it. It also contains antique weaponry, music instrument, and hunting equipment. Uganda Museum is the oldest museum in East Africa.
The national library of Uganda was established in 2003. It was formed after a Parliament Act that replaced all public libraries boards. It is currently under the directorship of Gertrude Kayaga Mulindwa. It is located in Kampala. It is the legal deposit library of Uganda.
Mandela National Stadium is the national stadium of Uganda. It is named after South African president and icon Nelson Mandela. The stadium is the largest stadium of Uganda and has a seating capacity of 40000 to 5000 people. It is situated in Kampala and was opened in 1997. It is mostly used for soccer matches and other athletic games. It is also home to the national football team of Uganda. It was built on a budget of 36 million US dollars.
The national sport of Uganda is Football. It is also named “Cranes” in Uganda. The best finish of the football team of Uganda was in 1978 for the African Cup. However, the team has not been able to qualify for the FIFA world cup final yet. Ugandan people love sports and football is very popular among youngsters in Uganda.
Katonga River is the longest river that is in the country wholly. Uganda shares the water of Nile water with 10 other counties. It is a powerful river that Uganda has a large number of water resources, lakes, and streams; however, there is no official national river of Uganda. Kafu river, Turkwel river, and Sabizwa river are other major rivers of Uganda.
The Rwenzori Mountains are mountain ranges located between Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda. These mountains are one source of the Nile river and are major mountains of Uganda; however, there is no official national mountain of Uganda.
The national tree of Saint Kitts and Nevis is Flamboyant. French Governor, Monsieur de Poincy introduced it in Saint Kitts and Nevis. It is originated from Madagascar. It is one of the most attractive tropical trees. It grows very rapidly, and it requires deep soil for its roots.
National animal of Uganda is Ugandan Kob. It is also referred to as Oeganda waterbok. It is found in South Sudan, Uganda, Congo, and Ethiopia. It is a kind of antelope and subspecies of kob. Its red-brown color differentiates it from its other subspecies.
Murchison Falls National park is the largest national park of Uganda. It is great for a safari tour across the river. Queen Elizabeth Park is the second largest national park of Uganda. It was established in 1952 and named after Queen of England, Queen Elizabeth II. Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is another famous park formed by UNESCO Heritage and has a large ecosystem.
The national bird of Uganda is a crested crane. It is majestic and is found in eastern and southern Africa.
The national dish of Uganda is Matooke. It is made of green bananas that are boiled and mashed. Matooke is served with peanut sauce, fresh fish and meat. Luwombo is another traditional dish of Uganda, made with chicken stew, beef, and mushrooms. It is served after steaming in banana leaves.
Beer is fermented and made from banana or millet locally in Uganda, which is widely popular. It is also called Pompe or Lubisi. Traditional, as well as western beers, are also widely consumed in Uganda.
NRM Liberation day is celebrated in Uganda on 26 January. New Year’s Day is also celebrated in Uganda on January 1st. Archbishop Janani Luwum Day is celebrated on 16th February each year. Martyr’s Day is celebrated on 3rd June each year.
The Gross domestic product of Uganda is 25.89 million US dollar as of 2017. Its GNI per capita is 1,820 PPP dollars per capita as of 2017. The gross domestic product of Uganda is growing an average of 6.7% each year and has shown positive growth from 1990 to 2015. Agriculture products and coffee constitute a major portion of foreign exchange earnings of Uganda.