The national day of Trinidad and Tobago arrives annually on August 21. People all around this country commemorate the events of emancipation that Trinidad and Tobago attained from the United Kingdom back in 1962. It was in this year that the officials of Trinidad and Tobago endorsed August 21 as a public holiday. The celebrations are executed joyfully with an integral inclusion of marches, often led by the army force, and fireworks. The British invaded Tobago whilst the Napoleonic Wars and two isles were amalgamated in 1889. However, Trinidad and Tobago remained as a part of the West Indies Federation for four years amidst 1958 to 1962 when it was manumitted from the rule of the United Kingdom. The position of the first prime minister of the country was granted to Eric Williams who was given the title of the ‘father of the nation’. He served the country even before the independence as well as after it from 1956 to 1981 when the news of his demise was promptly circulated all around the country. This Country was given a status of a republic in 1976. Every year a special national ceremony is held in Trinidad and Tobago in the presence of all those who are credited for serving their nation and they are granted several awards for their favors to this country.
The national anthem of Trinidad and Tobago was officially adopted in 1962 when the lyrics and music of this anthem were devised by Patrick S. Catagne. The lyrics of this anthem embody the potency and valor of the residents of Trinidad and Tobago who were adamant to live together in union in spite of their dissimilitude. This anthem was originally composed to commemorate the monuments of freedom of Trinidad and Tobago from the Great Britain, on August 31, 1962. Before the adoption of this anthem a rally was held all around the nation to search an anthem that best fitted the historic events of the independence. And at last, Sir Patrick Stanisclaus Castagne was given ultimate credit for finding that one anthem which personified the characteristics of the monuments of country’s independence.
Trinidad and Tobago National Anthem Video And Download Link:
Trinidad and Tobago National Anthem Audio And Download Link:
The national flag of Trinidad and Tobago was officially embraced on August 31, 1962. The design of this flag was produced by Carlisle Chang and it was approved by the officials of the state in 1962. This flag is divided in the ratio, 3:5. It is given the title of the ‘Flag of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago’ or ‘The Sun-Sea-Sand Banner’. The national flag of Trinidad and Tobago consists of a red rectangular belt with a black diagonal stripe intersecting the belt from the upper left nook to the lower right corner of the field. This black stripe is outlined with white color from both of its sides. Red is considered to be the most fluent color of the nation and it personifies the fertility of the land of Trinidad and Tobago. It also represents vigor of the sun, amicability and valor of its residents and historic personalities. The white color embodies the seas which are encompassed by this land. It is also an embodiment of equal rights for all the men. The black color reflects the determination of people to stay in union. This color shows the potency, union and opulence of the nation.
The official emblem of Trinidad and Tobago was devised by a group of people who were appointed to choose the emblem that would reflect and personify the citizens and stand as a representative of Trinidad and Tobago. The group of these people was set in motion to execute their task in 1962. One of the members of the committee was a prominent artist Carlyle Chang. This symbol embodies the distinguishing factors of Trinidad and Tobago. This emblem was officially approved and chosen as the national symbol of Trinidad and Tobago in 1962. There are two birds designed on each side of the emblem. These birds are originally the Scarlet Ibis and the Cocrico (indigenous to Tobago), and they are represented in their original colors. The trio of vessels found on the symbol personifies the ‘Trinity’ as well as the exploration of Trinidad by a trio of Columbus vessels. A trio of the summits shown on the symbol is a fundamental motive of Trinidad’s historic British Colonial Seals and Flag-Badges. The bloomy (coconut) palm dates reminisce the days when the isle of Tobago was independent and free from any foreign dominion. The motive “Together we aspire, Together we achieve” is an embodiment of national accomplishment and dissimilated peace. This seal is printed on all official governmental papers. It is stipulated that a license has to be obtained to produce any other symbol like it or to sell it. The national emblem comprises of colors like gold, bronze, black, white, red and silver.
Capital of Trinidad and Tobago
The Capital City of Trinidad and Tobago is the Port of Spain. This city is situated in the Gulf of Paria, on the northwest coastal region of Trinidad. It is a tremendous city and is subsequent to the first largest city of Trinidad and Tobago which is San Fernando. This city encompasses a population of 37,074 which was estimated and reported in 2011. The official language that is spoken in this city is primarily English. This city is 66 meters or 217 feet above the sea level. This city has an area cover of 12 kilometers square. The Port of Spain was declared the capital of Trinidad in 1757 and has been an activity centre of the country in terms of sales and administration ever since then. In around 2005 this city faced catastrophic bombings and calamities which wrecked it severely as well as caused profuse causalities. However, the guilty person has yet not been found or held chargeable for his crime. Two of the most important banks of the country are situated in the Port of Spain. It serves the country by being a huge tertiary hub that specifically benefits and facilitates the Caribbean. This City also renders a homeland to an enormous harbor and is a prime Caribbean activity centre from where the ships embark to their destinations. In the contemporary time the Port of Spain is a prominent and foremost City because of it being a prosperous region where the Caribbean inventory is exchanged. Some of the most elevated and upraised Caribbean premises stand firm in the Port of Spain.
The official currency of Trinidad and Tobago is the dollar. It is usually contacted to the following sign; $. The official code of the currency is the TTD or Trinidad and Tobago Dollar. One TTD is equivalent to 100 cents. The worth of this currency was inflated by 1% in 2018. The former currencies of the country were the Trinidadian dollar and the Tobagan dollar. The TTD was adopted by the country in 1964 and replaced the dependency and reliance, of the Trinidad and Tobago, on the British West Indies dollar (BWI).
The national dress of the Trinidad and Tobago encompasses various different attires. The women clothe themselves in saris, shalwar or lehngas. The customary outfits of Trinidad and Tobago are mostly associated with the Indian cultural costumes. The men in the Trinidad and Tobago wear white kurta and pair them with either pajamas or a dhoti. However these clothes are worn primarily on cultural events or other occasions like weddings etc. The flaunting or revealing costumes are disliked and prohibited to be worn in cities, shops, restaurants, or outside the hotel rooms. Men normally pull up pants and a shirt with collar or sometimes a button down shirt, on casual days. Women usually wear light and non-revealing clothes. Due to higher humidity levels in this country people wear light and breathable clothes usually originated from cotton and linen that allow the air to pass through them.
The national colors of Trinidad and Tobago are red, white and black. All of these symbols personify fire (red), earth (black) and water (white). The red color is the embodiment of valor; black represents determination and white symbolizes equal rights and vitality.
The contemporary poet of Trinidad and Tobago is Eintou Pearl Springer and she is widely known for being an impeccable poet, playwright, librarian and for playing an active part in the cultural movement. She is an indigenous poet of Trinidad and Tobago and was born on November 24, 1944 in Santa Cruz. She was titled as ‘Poet Laureate of Port of Spain’ in May 2002. Her work usually lays ultimate emphasis on communal issues and also embodies her vanity for belonging to a black race. She was superannuated from the directorial post at the National Heritage Library of Trinidad and Tobago in 2003 where she had been working since October 1993. She has been awarded with two awards for her contribution to the culture of her country. She was granted the Trinidad and Tobago Humming Bird Medal Silver in 1996 and the Vanguard Award of the National Drama Association of Trinidad and Tobago in 2004. Some of most recommended and top ranked books are ‘Loving the skin I’m in’ (2005), ‘Moving into the Light’ (2000), and ‘Out of the Shadows’ (1986).
The national airline of the Trinidad and Tobago is the Caribbean Airlines Limited which is a government-owned airline. Its headquarters are based in lere House in Piarcho. Some of the destination points of the airline are Caribbean, North America, Central America and South America. It operates and commences its flights from the Piarcho International Airport. It is the hugest airline in the Caribbean and has employed over 1700 workers. It was established on September 19, 2006 and was inaugurated in January 1, 2007. Its activity centers are the Piarcho International Airport, Norman Manley International Airport and the Cheddi Jagan International Airport.
The National Museum and Art Gallery is situated in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago. This building stands firm at the peak of Frederick Street, adjacent to the Memorial Park and towards the southern side of the Queen’s Park Savannah. It was established and inaugurated back in 1892. It was originally founded in 1892 with the name of the Royal Victoria Institute. This building is an illustration of Victorian era colonial style of the British West Indies. This Museum holds the collection of over 10000 works and also the show-case of the art work of Michel-Jean Cazabon. It also bears within it an acoustic room which serves as a prime educational resource. This Museum consists of three other branches; at Fort San Andres on South Quay, Port of Spain, Museum of Police Service of Trinidad and Tobago at Police Headquarters, St Vincent Street, Port of Spain, and Money Museum which is located in the Central Bank at Eric Williams Financial Plaza, Independence Square, Port of Spain.
The National Library and Information System was established in 1998.This library is situated at Hart and Abercomby Streets in the capital city of Trinidad and Tobago, Port of Spain. It is widely referred to as NALIS and was originally inaugurated to manage and organize the affairs of the library and other services which include the provision of information in Trinidad and Tobago. The library services are also rendered via a link that redirects its user’s online information. It is also found on social platforms like Facebook, Twitter and YouTube.
The former national stadium of Trinidad and Tobago is the Hansley Crawford Stadium which is situated in the Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago. Its opening ceremony was led by the Prime Minister George stadium by giving it the name of the “The Hasley Crawford Stadium”. It happened following the event of a resident of Trinidad and Tobago who won a gold medal in Olympics. It is a government-owned stadium and it is manipulated by the Sports Company of Trinidad. This stadium has an estimated volume of 23000. This stadium is usually utilized by the Trinidad and Tobago national football team. The final of the 2001 FIFA U-17 World Championship was organized in this stadium. This stadium also served as a ground at the 2010 FIFA U-17 Women’s World Cup.
One of the most popular sports of Trinidad and Tobago is cricket and subsequent to that is football. The national football team of this country made it to the FIFA World Cup in 2006. The Trinidad and Tobago is considered a minor country, among all the other ones so far, to have accomplished to FIFA. The cricket is another famous sport of Trinidad and Tobago, with a relentless and passionate competition with the Caribbean. Trinidad and Tobago is known for playing and being an active part in One Day International and Test Cricket and also teams belonging to West Indies Cricket Team.
The largest river located in the Trinidad and Tobago is the Caroni River which commences 40 kilometers from its starting point that is located in the Northern Range on the isle of Trinidad. It gushes through the northern low-lying areas of the Caroni Plains and makes its way directly into the Gulf of Paria situated at the Caroni Swamp. The water, in turn, empties into the compactly populated nooks of Trinidad. It also renders drinkable water via the Caroni-Arena Dam. This River is known to cause floods, although seldom, during strong inundation. This flood leads to a catastrophic destruction of crops, fields and livestock.
There is a trio of summits in Trinidad; the Northern, Central, and Southern Mountains. The most elevated and upraised peak of Trinidad is the Northern Range. It is situated 900 meters or 3000 feet above the sea level. The Central Range goes beyond, in a diagonal position, across the isle of Trinidad and it is low-level peak with a rugged geography. The Southern peak is an intermittent summit which extends to the southern coast and it has an elevation of 300 meters or 1000 feet.
Some of the most popular national parks nearby Trinidad and Tobago are as follow; Sandy Hill Nature Park and it is located in the Freeport. Subsequent to the former one is the Caroni Bird Sanctuary and it is situated in the 65 Orange Grove Road, Trinidad and Tobago. Another national park that is established in Trinidad and Tobago is the Edith Falls located precisely in the Edith Falls Trail. The last most famous officially endorsed national park of Trinidad and Tobago is the Nariva Swamp which is a huge water body and was given the status of ‘a wetland of International Importance’ by the Ramsar Convention. It is situated on the eastern coastal side of the Trinidad. It encompasses an area of around 60 kilometers square. In addition to that it is a habitat of diverse species; mammals, reptiles, fish, birds, frogs, insects, and mollusc. All these species altogether inhabit these 60 kilometers of area.
The national zoo of Trinidad and Tobago commonly known for its contraction ‘EVZ’ is actually the Emperor Valley Zoo. It is a tremendous zoo in the Trinidad and Tobago. It is situated to the northern side of the Queen’s Park Savannah and to the west of the Royal Botanic Gardens in the capital city of the country, Port of Spain. This zoo was inaugurated in November 8, 1952 and it has an estimated number of 2300 plus animals and over 200 divergent and exotic species. Some of the animals found in this park are as follow; lions, ocelots, parrots, macaws, snakes, wildfowl, giraffes and tigers etc. This zoo has been revamped several times ever since it came into inception.
The national or official bloom of Trinidad and Tobago is ‘Chaconia’. It is also known for its alternative name which is the ‘Wild Poinsettia’ or ‘Pride of Trinidad and Tobago’. These flowers are commonly displaying and presented on an annual anniversary of the freedom day of Trinidad and Tobago. This flower is known to be indigenous to Trinidad and has been witnessing the historical events of the country since ages. This flower symbolizes the continuation and prosperity of its country. This flower consists of a shocking red color which adds ultimate beauty to the bloom. The color of this flower is precisely the same as the one found in the national emblem of Trinidad and Tobago. And this color is the sun and an embodiment of valor, amicability, vigor of the sun, and purity of the country’s ground and its residents.
The national bird of Trinidad and Tobago is the Scarlet Ibis and is also known as the Eudocimus ruber. This bird belongs to the species of Ibis and it is commonly found in the areas of the tropical South America and isles of the Caribbean. It is a unique and an easily distinguishable bird which is often associated with its other species, however, it can easily be figured out because of its colors. Another national bird of Trinidad and Tobago is the Rufous-venetd chachalaca, also widely known as, Ortalis ruficauda. This bird is indigenous to Tobago and is known as ‘Cocrico’ in their country. This bird inhabits the Bequina and Union Island which are situated in the Grenadines. The species of this bird are usually found in forests and woodlands as well as in arid areas.
The indigenous fruit of Trinidad and Tobago is the Attalea Marpia, also known as, Marpia Palm. It is found in areas like the Tropical South America and Trinidad and Tobago. It sprouts up to an altitude of 35 meters or 115 feet. Its leaves have a length of around 33-39 feet. On this tree grows a yellow-colored consumable fruit. Also wholesome oil can be taken out from the pulp of the fruit and through the kernel of the seed.
A few vegetables that are cultivated in Trinidad and Tobago are the Aramanth which is a consumable green vegetable containing many leaves akin to those of spinach; Caraille, also referred to as, bitter melon is a vegetable that sprouts in the tropical regions of the country; Gingee, also referred to as, Chinese okra is a lengthy and green vegetable that is harvested in its early stage because as it develops into adult stages it becomes sour and bitter.
The most popular cuisine in Trinidad and Tobago is originally derived and originated from the African culture and it is known as ‘Callaloo’, a creamy textured cuisine formulated from ingredients that are primarily dasheen or taro leaves, okra, crab or pigtails, pumpkin, onions and coconut milk. It is often presented with cornmeal coo coo, plantain, sweet potatoes, cassava, rice, dumplings and curried crab. Usually the cuisines which are top ranked this country are curried, barbecued or stewed. Another highly recommended and eaten Trinidadian cuisine is the curried duck presented with a roti or rice as its side course.
The 15 incredibly scrumptious and finger-licking sweet-courses of Trinidad and Tobago are as follow, in the chronological sequence; Brown Sugar Fudge, Coconut Sugar Cake, Trinidad Sponge Cake, Coconut Ice Cream, Crème Caramel, Coconut Turnover, Toolum, Sugarless Cake, Marmalade Cheese Muffins, Coconut Jelly, Soursop Cheesecake, Biscuit Cake, Coconut Pudding, Cocoa Brownies and Flour Parsad.
One of the most widely consumable beverages in Trinidad and Tobago is the Coconut water which is found all over the isle. This drink is originally originated from the Caribbean culture. The top ranked beverages that are served in the isle are the most liked ponche-de-crème, puncheon rum, and homespun wines formulated from common fruits.
A hint of a few public holidays in Trinidad and Tobago are as followed in the sequence; New Year’s Day (January 01), Carnival Monday (March 04), Carnival Tuesday (March 05), Spiritual Baptist Day (March 30), Good Friday (April 19), Easter Day (April 21), Easter Monday (April 22), Indian Arrival Day (May 30), Eid-ul-fitr (June 05), Labor Day (June 19), Corpus Christi (June 20), Emancipation Day (August 01), Independence Day (August 31), Republic Day (September 24), Diwali (October 27), Christmas Day (December 25) and the Boxing Day (December 26).
The Gross National Income of Trinidad and Tobago was estimated to be 41.79 billion PPP dollars. Trinidad and Tobago has been reckoned to have fast-growing and escalating economical figures over the past years. It is the most luxurious and prosperous region in the Caribbean and overall it is ranked as the third wealthiest country in the world. The World Bank has recognized the economy of Trinidad and Tobago as considerably splendid and flourished. The figures of revenue, of Trinidad and Tobago, approximated in 2019 were depreciated to 4042.20 TTD Million from 4741.90 TTD Million. The foremost commodities which Trinidad and Tobago exports are petroleum, liquefied natural gas, methanol, ammonia, urea, steel products, beverages, cereal products, sugar, cocoa, coffee, citrus fruits, vegetables and fruits. However, some of the top ranked imports of Trinidad and Tobago are wheat, refined sugar, maize, raw sugar, alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages, soybean oil, poultry, cheese, and prepared foods.