National day of Srilanka, also called as the day of independence from the British rule on 1948, is 4th February. The country celebrates the redemption from the British rule every year on same date. It is celebrated all over the country with zeal and zest. Flag hosting ceremonies, performances at national level are done , dances and parades are conducted to acknowledge the independence as great battles are fought , larges struggles were done in the history of srilanka but the one done against the britishers is especially recalled. Official celebration occurs in the capital city , Colombo , where president hoists the flag and addresses the nation , pays tributes and laurels to the heroes that served the nation with their precious lives and encourages the nation to play their effective role for uplift of the country.
The national anthem of srilanka is called as “SriLankaMatha”. There is no authentic history for its origin. There are different point of views regarding it. Some people believe that the lyrics and the music is composed by the writer and musician Ananda Samarakoon who was regarded as father of artistic Sinhala music. He wrote the national anthem after getting inspired from a Bengali poet. While few have the notion that it is written by Tagore. Rest of the people believe that both joined hands to compose the lyrics and music of the anthem. However it became national anthem after several judgements and criticism and was given the status of official anthem in second republican constitution by 1978. It is a multilingual anthem as it is found in both official languages of nation , Sinhala and Tamil. But the Tamil style preserves the music of srilanka matha while the Sinhala style preserves the exact translation but not music. But among both, Sinhala version is given more official importance because majority of the nation speaks this language and Tamil is somehow considered to be the native language spoken by few people.so in official government events Sinhala version is played.
Sri Lanka National Anthem Video And Download Link:
Sri Lanka National Anthem Audio And Download Link:
Srilankan flag is also named as lion flag or better called as Sinha flag. The flag consists of four colors. A golden colored lion is printed in center having a kastane sword , which is considered as official sword of srilanka, in its one paw on a maroon background. Its corners are having four leaves of a bo plant also called as sacred fig , each one on one corner. There are two stripes, vertical one on the left side of flag , of orange and green colors and these stripes are separated by gold colored strip from the maroon background having lion. Also his golden color borders the whole flag. All these colored stripes,lion,Bo leaves and golden boundary have symbolic meanings in them. The lion and its maroon background is for the Sinhalese themselves while the four Bo leaves are the representation of Buddhism four concepts benevolence,compassion, joy and equanimity. The minorities of the country are represented by the orange and green stripes, green representing Muslim minority and orange is for srilankan Tamils. This flag was officially adopted in 1948, though an appointed committee held by Prime Minister Ceylon.
The emblem of the srilanka has a lion same as one printed on its national flag in passant positon and golden colored on a maroon background representing a harmony with the country’s flag. But as compared to Bo leaves which were present on the flag here it is surrounded by the petals of blue lotus which is also a national flower of the country. This whole design is placed on the traditional vase from which rice grain sheaves upward and the surround it reflecting the prosperity. Dharma chakrais symbol used by Indian religious people and also used by Buddhist. This symbol is present on the crest of the emblem referring to the just rule. Over the supporters, srilankan official symbols for the sun and moon are drawn. It was adopted in 1972.
CAPITAL OF NATION
The capital city of Srilanka is COLOMBO , which is also the greatest and populist city in the country. It holds about 5.6 million population. On map it is located on west coast of country.Touching the West CoastSea it also offers business and trade routes to the people and proves significant for the economy. It is a city with great hustle and bustle and is a source of tourist attraction as it holds old heritage in form of colonial buildings and also contains an amalgam of modern era in that old culture. Multiple cultures , ethical backgrounds , and many religions are practiced by its people.There are small ethnic groups like of Chinese , Portuguese,Dutch and Indians live here. Many old temples like Gangaramaya Temple , parks and nations national museum are present here that add the beauty to the city and makes it a site for tourists’ attention.
The national currency of srilanka is sri-lankan rupee which is further divided into 100 cents. Central bank of sri lanka issued it. As many other countries also have rupee as national currency so to distinguish it from others it is usually written as LKR though general abbreviation is Rs. Earlier rixdollars were used but then british pound earned the status of ceylon’s official currency. But in 1836, 26 september indian rupee was given the national status of currency coin. රු.20, රු.50, රු.100, රු.500, රු.1000, රු.5000 are the frequently used bank notes and රු.1, රු.2, රු.5, රු.10 are the frequently used bank coins.
Officially there is no specific national dress for srilankan men and women but as a tradition most favored dress is sari for women and sarong for the men. But this depends upon the age factor. In males sarong is preferred at all ages but for females sari and half sari are worn according to age and in different religious peculiarities. Skirts are preferred in young girls and when they reach puberty same skirts are stylized to sari. Young women wear half sari but other women wear sari. Tight fittings and short sleeved jacket wrapped around is seen in some religious events. These sari must be vibrant in colors and multi colored. Sri Lanka resembles to the traditions of India so both of countries have much similarity in clothing. But among Muslims of Sri Lanka , women are seen to wear traditional clothes as worn by other Muslims of the world.
While in males , sarong is a long garment of cloth that men wrap around themselves. In some areas over this sarong a shirt having long sleeves is used. But skirts and trousers are also seen as traditional wearing.
The national colors of sri lanka are gold, maroon , green , orange , and these are present on its flag. These colors are considered as primary national colors while blue is considered to be secondary national color. These all colors are having representations. For example maroon color represents Sinhalese , gree color represents muslim minority and orange color represent Sri Lankan tamil minority.
Ananda Samarakoon is the national poet of sri lanka. His full name was EgodahageGeorgeWilfredAlwis Samara Koon born in 1911 , jan 13th and died at 1962 april 2nd , better known for his music and as a composer. The national anthem of Sri Lanka “SriLanka Matha” was composed by him. He was regarded as father of artistic Sinhala music and became the founder of modern sri Lankan song literature.
He was born n a Christian family and in his early life he served as a teacher of art and music in india but later he quit and went to sri lanka , embraced Buddhism there and then served as a teacher in on of sri Lankan school. Here he started to write the songs and music having some meaning because before that all songs of sri lanka were having meaningless phrases. He wrote many songs and later one of his song was selected for national anthem on 22 November 1951 by Ceylon , the first prime minister.
Sri Lankan airlineis national airline and is member of one world airline alliances so cooperating with other airlines at substantial level. It is also a flag carrier airline of sri lanka. It was formed in 1979 as air Lankan airline on the name of first prime minister’s name , air Ceylon. On the basis of no of aircrafts and destinations it is largest airline of sri lanka. It is operationg over 560 flights per week and gives route to 48 countries and 114 destinations.
National museum is located in Colombo , capital city of sri lanka , which is also called as sri lanka national museum. Its maintenance is done by central government who formed a department of national museum. Sir William Henry Gregory was its founder and under him its construction was done and completed in 1876 and in the following year the museum was inaugurated. It contains collections that are of significant importance to the Sri Lankan history and regalia , and many other monarchs and monuments. It was created on 1877, Jan 1st when it was called Colombo museum. Along with museum in the same year 1877 national library was also established.
The national library is made along with national museum in capital city of country , Colombo under the management of national library an documentation services board.
There are many games played by the sri Lankan people yet volleyball s national sport. But even these people have athletic spirits yet there is no national stadium yet many stadiums are present. The country has eight major grounds that are used at international level. Colombo Cricket Club Ground and the Tyronne Fernando Stadium are earlier used for international level but now they are not opened for the international purposes. Galle International Stadium was earlier used but in 2004 tusnami hits it and destroyed it so now it is not in use. Hambantota and Pallekele cricket grounds are newly made whre crcket mateched between india sri lanka and Bangladesh were held.
Volleyball is the national sport of Sri Lanka. Though other games like water sports , athletics , cricket , football , badminton are also enjoyed and played with great zeal and zest yet the volleyball is given the national status. Country has national teams of volleyball for both men and women.
Mahaweli River is the national river of Sri Lanka. It is 208 mile / 335 km long river , regarded as the longest river running through the country. Its drainage basin is also the largest one and it covers almost 1/5th of the whole area of Small Island. River starts from Mahawila area , a remote village in country. There is a misconception in Sri Lankan hat this river starts from a mountain but no , it only receives a water source from two mountain ranges but does not start from mountain. This river also touches the Bay of Bengal. Dams are constructed over the river at many places and it irrigates 386 square miles / one thousand kilometers of area. Dams are also worked for production of hydroelectricity that fulfills the 40% of Sri Lankan electricity need.
Pidurutalagala has a prominent peak in Sri Lanka and is the tallest mountain of country. In English it is called mount Pedro which is 2524 km high ( 8281 feet ) it is located in north of country. Country’s main radar system is operated here and is a source of armed forces communications. Its peak is protected by military and is not open for public for security reasons, so this holds no tourist attraction spot. Its peak is called Ultra high point of country because of its prominence that can be seen from central province.
Sri lanka has no specific national park but its has a list of national parks that is a group of parks administered by wildlife department. In Asia , wild life is best seen in this country having marine life, many landscapes. Thisi country receives large amount of monsoon rainfalls and has high annual rain fall. The high altitude of country has given it a variety of climate changes and so its flora and fauna are maintained. In these parks many activities like hunting , poaching , destroying eggs and removing nests , killing or removing any animal are prohibited and considered illegal. Currently these all are 26 parks spread on an area of 5,734 km2 (2,214 square miles) . it includes gal oya national park , yala national park , Bundala national park , kundulla national park , Sinha raja forest reserve , kumana national park , Horton plains national park , horagolla national park , madhu road national park , flood plains national park , maduru oya national park , minneriya national park , wilpattu national park. Theses all parks are a source for tourist attraction of this island.
National zoo of srilanka is named as National Zoological Gardens of Sri Lankabetter known as Colombo zoo or dehiwala zoo on basis of its location that I sin dehiwala. It is founded in 1936. The zoo not only has animals but it also focuses a special attention on the welfare , caring , protection and management of these animals. It provides a home and host to various species of birds and animals. 350 different species are found here comprising of three thousand animals. These animals are also exchanged with other zoo animals for their breeding and management purposes. This zoo alo acts as amajor source for nation’s income generating about LKR 40 million annually. This zoo has enormu sflora. Mang trees and large landscapes are found in it. These trees and shrubs , herbs also provide a source of medicinal significant plants.
Sinharaja rain forest is the national forest of sri lanka. It is also a national park of country and also a biodiversity hotspot depicting how much levels of biodiversity is threatened by human activities. Its climate is tropical rain forest spreading over 18900 acres. It receives heavy annual rainfall of about 3614mm to 5006mm and temperature range is from 19- 34 degrees. It is covered by rivers on three sides. This forest provides home to many mammals , insects like butterflies , 50% of animal species , reptiles and amphibians too live here. In sri lanak total 12 epidemic mammal species live and out of those 12 , 8 are found here. 21 epidemic birds species are also found here. Reptiles include python species too. Nosed lizard , rough nose lizard giant squirrel , dusky striped jungle squirrel , endemic purple faced monkey , and leopards are present here.
Ironwood is national tree of sri lanka. Scientifically it iss named as ”Mesua Nagassarium” . on 1896, feb 26 it was given the status of national tree of sri lanka. To be chosen for national tree , it has many reasons which includes that its origin is sri Lankan land , then it is highly utilized in this land , then it is widely distributed on sri Lankan island ,and also because of it color and nature. This tree also has some cultural and historical background relations with country. This tree almost grows to size of 30 meters height. It has red leaves that later mature into green colored leaves. Its wood is of timber which is very valuable. Its valuable because of its hardness and durability and in ancient times it is used for the construction of bridges. As this wood has religious vale so its use is prohibited now. This tree sprouts flowers that are used in medicine and also for formation of soaps and is also considered to be a component of cosmetics.
“Nil Mahanel “ is national flower of sri lanka , and botanically it is named as “Nympheae Stellata” where the first part of name means lily and the second means star . OnFeb 1836 , 26th it was declared as national flower of country. I t is a flower that grows in shallow water and is found all over the country. Because it is amply present it is given status of national . It is basically the one of three types of water lilies. Is is a special type of flower that sprouts in early morning almost about 7am when the early sun rays fall on its closed bud that opens into a beautiful flower and remains blossomed throughout day almost till 5pm. This flower has variety of colors so is famous among sri Lankan people. This flower has long stems and floats on the surface of water having numerous petals and four sepals. They vary in size and color. Color ranges from violet to purple to pink . Light blue is also often seen.
This plant has also medicinal importance. It can cure many diseases like diarrhea , piles and even dysentery. Many skin and liver disorders are aslo cured from it.
There is no special animal of sri lanka though it is a country with 26 national parks and conserves many species. Even many epidemic and endemic species are present here and has many forest systems yet no specific animal is yet given the status of national animal. Even though lion , elephant , gizzard giant squirrel are present and locally they are called as national. Among Sinhalese people , lion is majorly celebrated animal .
Srilankan jungle fowl is national bird , scientifically called as ‘ Gallus lafayettii ‘ better known in country as Ceylon jungle fowlon the name of first prime minister of country , Ceylon. It is a member of giliiformies bird order and belong to genus Gallus. These birds are also endemic in sri lanka. Red jungle fowl are closely related to these. In Sinhala and Tamil it has other names. They are considered to be as dimorphic animals. Male is more heavy and larger in size as compared to female. It has high plumage , which is orange and red colored and wattles are red and well developed comb. Length of male jungle fowls range from 66 – 72 cm and weight between 790 – 114 kg . these are terrestrial animals. They spend most of their day time scratching mud and ground and searching for food . They eat fallen fruits , insects and different seeds. Among females , their job is to lay eggs and show broody behavior in which hen incubated her eggs by sitting over them for a specific period of time which may be 21- 26 days and then play active role in the rearing and upbringing of chicks.
Sri lanka is a tropical forest country , rich in flora and fauna. It have an extensive system of plants, trees and forests but unfortunately it has no national fruit. Some locals call different fruits its national among which jack fruit tree and coconut is given prime importance. Jack fruit is consumed by people in many different forms. Some serve it in grilled form , boiled , cooked and even eaten as fresh fruit. And from coconut , its milk and oils is consumed richly.
Though sri lanka is rich ion many fruits and foods yet there is no single national vegetable of sri lanka. Carrot, leak , cabbage , mallons , bananas are the crops of this land that are locally considered of prime importance.
Sri lankan cuisine is given the status of national dish. It has many cultural , historical and religious link to the country. It is formed after being influenced by south indian , dutch and Indonesian cuisine. The main in gradient is rice which is either steamed or boiled and served with meat either of fish of chicken or of mutton .along with curries that are made from many other vegetbales lentils or fruits to add falour to the dish.
Kevum is the national sweet dish of sri lanka . it is basically an oil cake. Cake’s main ingredient is rice floor and sugar but treacle is made from sugar that is mused and cake is cooked until it turns deep brown in color. Kevum exists in many varieties that includes athiraha, konda kevum, athirasa, and handi kevum and last but no least moong kevum.
Arrack is the national drink of sri lanka. Which is one of best world drink. Alcoholic fermented but it is considered illegal to drink across sri lanka. Palm trees are its source. People made it froms saps of these palm trees.
Sri lanka is a multi-cultural , mutli ethical and multi religious country. It has people of various religions, but Buddhism being the main one yet it is closely linked to the indian culture. Diwali , eid ul fitr , mawlid , maha shivarati , eid ul azha , asalha puja , independence day of srilanka and Vesak are the holidays enjoyed by the sri Lankan people and considered to benationalholidays.
267.4 billion PPP dollars according to 2017 census is considered to be the national income of sri lanka. The country holds a strong economy and per capita GDP is of worth $4,310 . sri lanka has strong growth rates in recent history.It is grown at a rate of 6.4% annually from past few years.