The national day of Portugal arrives annually on June 10th. This day is commemorated joyfully by both the residents of Portugal as well as by those who have emigrated. This day is celebrated in the honor and remembrance of the demise of the national Portugal ideal named as Luis de Camoes who was known for his literary work. He died on June 10, 1580.
The masterpiece of Luis de Camoes is widely known as Os Lusiadas, a poem that emphasized the historical success and accomplishments of Portugal. It is one of the most impeccable literary works produced in Portugal. The celebrations of the Portugal day were officially repudiated and ceased during the ‘Carnation Revolution’, in 1974. However, Portuguese as well as the ones who had migrated from Portugal and their off-springs were permitted to commemorate the events of this day after 1974.
The National day of Portugal is commemorated with the inclusion of military ceremonies and various concerts that are held all around the country. An awards ceremony is part of the Portugal ritual on this day which is executed by the President of the Portuguese Republic. On an annual basis, when the Portugal day arrives, a different city is opted for to implement or carry out the celebrations in.
The contemporary official anthem of Portugal is the ‘A Portuguesa’ and it was composed by Alfredo Keil in 1890. The production or creation of its lyrics is credited to Henrique Lopes de Mendonca who wrote them in 1890 as well. It was endorsed as the national anthem on July 19, 1911. This anthem was originally a song which was composed, by Alfredo Keil, to embody the patriotism to the nation. This song was an expression emanated in behalf of the Portugal citizens who were yearning for freedom. This song emerged as a political arm for the Portugal and it was modified to its latest and current version on July 16, 1957 and it was then proclaimed official by the Council of Ministers.
c And Download Link:
Portugal National Anthem Audio And Download Link:
The official Portugal flag is ‘Bandeira de Portugal’. It is a rectangle-shaped flag consisting of vertical or erected stripes which are divided unevenly with red colored on its right side and green filled within its left nook. It is divided in the ratio 2:3. The national emblems, armillary sphere and Portuguese shield, are positioned in the central part of the flag. This flag was proclaimed official on June 30, 1911. The red color found in the national flag of Portugal personifies the blood of the Portugal martyrs. While the green color embodies the ‘hope’ that Portuguese had igniting within their hearts.
The official emblem of Portugal is the Galo de Barcelos which personifies integrity, faith, dignity and honor. The Portuguese have a conviction that this symbol is auspicious and supports one’s luck. This symbol is also embossed on key chains and is designed on towels and aprons as well.
The capital city of Portugal is Lisbon that is situated to its west on the estuary, of the Tagus (Tejo) River which is the national capital city of Europe. It caters the country by being the national port as well as commercial, political and tourist nook. It encompasses an area of 85 square kilometers and has an estimated population of 504718. Lisbon is predominantly known for its most beautiful and mesmerizing sight which is its natural port or harbor. It has an altitude of 2 meters.
The official currency of Portugal is the Euro. Euro was initially embraced as the national Portugal currency on January 1, 1999. The former official currency of Portugal was the Portuguese Escudo until the Portugal adopted Euro and replaced the former currency with it. In spite of the fact that Portuguese Escudo is no more widely used, however, it would still be accepted in exchange of euro until Febuary 28, 2022. The use of escudo coins was terminated back in 2002 on December 31. One Euro is worth 110.53 Cape Verdean Escudo.
The official Portugal attire for women is bouffant or fluffy skirts with patterns embroidered on them. A bandana which the Portugal women wear over their head is also part of their customary dressing. The traditional clothing of Portugal men includes short leggings and waistcoats. These attires usually consist of vivid and vibrant colors with an addition of striped or checkered patterns on them.
The official colors of Portugal are the same as found in the Portugal flag. The national colors of Portugal are defined by red, green, gold, blue, white, and black.
The national poet of Portugal is Luis Vaz de Camoes who is considered as a Portuguese icon. His literary work is widely known not only in Portugal but as well as globally. He was born in 1524, in Lisbon, Portugal and died on June 10, 1580 in same city as he was born in. He is given such reverence and honor by the Portugal citizens and its emigrants that his birthday is commemorated annually in the remembrance of him being a great Portugal and historical personality. He is profoundly recognized for his masterpiece, Os Lusiadas, his best poem, is defined to be written in an epic genre. It was officially published in 1572 and was later translated into English in 1776. This poem mainly lays emphasis on the arduous journeys that the Portuguese underwent during the 15th and 16th century.
The official airline of Portugal is the Transportes Aeroes Portugueses and its headquarters are based at Lisbon Airport. TAP has eligibly been a part of the Star Alliance ever since 2005. It carries an operation of approximately 2500 flights per week and has an estimated number of 87 drop offs in 34 different countries. It inaugurated its operations on September 19, 1946. Its employees are reckoned to be over 7300. The revenue or the total income generated from this airline is around 2.977 billion Euros. And after cutting all the payable costs, it manages to attain a profit of 23 million Euros.
There are seven most popular museums in Portugal which are as follow; The Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga and it was established back in 1884. Its directorial position is credited to Antonio Filipe Pimentel. In the English dialect this museum is known as the National Museum of Ancient art. A survey conducted in 2018 confirmed that it had an estimated number of 423054 visitors. It is located in Lisbon, Portugal. It bears within the building a vast showcase of paintings, sculpture, gold ware, prints and furniture. Followed by it is the National Museum of Ethnology which is also situated in Lisbon, Portugal.
It was inaugurated in 1976. The museum has a vast collection of the most predominant ethnographic which this museum inherited years ago. Then is the Costume Museum that is located in Lisbon, Portugal in the Moneiro-Mr Palace. It was established in 1976 and it holds a showcase of 33000 costumes of both men and women. National Museum of Natural History and Science is situated in Lisbon and its rich in collections that mainly highlight the nature-related things. It was founded in 1926 beneath the University of Lisbon. It has preserved collections that have been there for over 250 years.
These collections comprise of geology, botany span zoology and anthropology. Soares dos Reis National Museum is located in the civil parish of Cedofeita, Santo Ildefonso, Se, Miragaia, Sao Nichlau e Victoria, to the north of Porto. This museum was designed by Joaquin da Costa Lima Sampaio. It is generically an Art Museum holding collections like sculpture, paintings, textiles etc. It was founded in 1833. Its founder was Joa Baptista Ribeiro. The National Museum of Archeology is one of the hugest archeological museums in Portugal. It was established in 1893 and its founder was known as Jose Leite de Vasconcelos. The National Museum of Contemporary Art is situated in Lisbon, Portugal. It was initially established in 1911; however, it was later inaugurated in 1994. The museum was entirely designed by Jean- Michel Willmotte.
The National Library of Portugal was started the construction of in 1952 and it was inaugurated in 1969. It originally came into being on Febuary 29, 1796. Its directorial position is credited to Ines Cordeiro. This library inherits the bibliographic collections of the early Portugal. It also holds the scientific department which has been preserved for over centuries now. This library also bears within it the information of every age and era.
The official stadium of Estadio Nacional is situated in Uniao das Freguesias de Alges, Linda-a-Velha e Cruz Quebrada/Dafundo, Portugal. This stadium has a volume of 37,593 and it is considered as the fourth hugest football stadium in Portugal, in terms of, area and field size. This stadium was inaugurated on June 10, 1944. This stadium was revamped in September 2012. This stadium is designed by Miguel Jacobetty Rosa. Many football matches have been held in this stadium and also 52 Cup finals were hosted in here.
The official game of Portugal is football which is by far the highest ranked game among all the other sports. Football is widely exercised in Portugal. World’s most adroit football players and their teams are originated in Portugal; Ronaldo and Figo have also come from there. Portugal is known for having the most popular and talented football teams in Europe as well as the world.
The foremost five rivers of Portugal are as follow; The Tagus River that is the lengthiest river originating in Iberian Peninsula derived from Spain that gushes into Portugal and it deposits its water in the Atlantic Ocean. It encompasses an area of 645 kilometers. It is a source via which hydro-electricity is generated. The Douro is the second most predominant river of situated in the Iberian Peninsula which flows through Soria Province and transfers its residual water at Porto. It covers an area of 557 miles. The subsequent river of Portugal is Guadiana which is the fourth lengthiest river that also originates in the Iberian Peninsula stretching till the border of Portugal and Spain. It runs through Spain and deposits its water into the Gulf of Cadiz and it has a volume of 508 miles. The Minho River starts flowing from Spain and Portugal and it releases its water into the Atlantic Ocean. It has a total length of 217 miles. At last the fifth largest and lengthiest river of Portugal is the Mondego that flows through Serra da Estrela and it empties its streams into the Atlantic Ocean. It encompasses an area of 161 miles.
The five highest mountains of Portugal are as follow; Piquinho Mountain has an elevation of 7713 feet. It is located in the mid-Atlantic archipelago of Azores on Pico Island. Torre (Estrela Range) Mountain is ranked as the second tallest mountain of Portugal and it is 6539 feet above the ground. It is situated in Seia, Guarda District, Portugal. The Ruivo de Santana is also named as the Pico Ruivo de Santana and is positioned around the Curral vdas Freiras in Madiera Island. It has an altitude of 5421 feet. Ruivo do Paul is also the second highest mountain in Madiera region and the fourth tallest in Portugal. It is 4900 feet above the sea level. The fifth tallest and the popular mountain of Portugal is the Cedro and it considered to be the third tallest in Madiera region. It has an altitude of 4687 feet.
Peneda-Geres National Park is situated in the far north of Portugal and it is the solely national park of Portugal. This park consists of several mountainous peaks and exotic landscapes. A number of hypnotic waterfalls can also be found in here and this park thrives in an ultimate and unconditional beauty. The Sintra-Cascais Natural Park is one of the famous tourist spots.
This park is primarily known for its historical significance that is beheld in its sites. Around this park is a series of captivating Palaces such as the ones like Queluz, Sintra, and Seteais etc. Another most tempting park of Portugal is the Litoral Norte Natural Park and it is situated in the northwest of Portugal. It is park that is rich in nature which renders to its visitors an air of peace and serenity. Alvao Natural Park has its streams gushing all the way down to 260 meters from an elevation of 1339 meters.
This park offers its visitors a pleasing sight most enthralling of which is its waterfall and exotic rocks and stones protruding from under the grass. Douro International Natural Park is rich in aspects of its scenic beauty. It is located on the borderline of Spain. Ria Formosa Natural Park is situated downwards to the south of Portugal. Many beautiful and alluring birds inhabit this area as their destination and often unite together in flocks over here. Montesinho Natural Park has a wide range of species like Iberian wolf, lynx or the genet; all these animals draw many tourists or other visitors to this park. Serra da Estrela Natural Park consists of the Portugal’s widest and most tremendous summits.
This park is incredibly rich in beauty on account of its lakes and forests. Southwest Alentejo and Vicenti Coast is located to the southwest nook of Portugal. It provides an astoundingly mesmerizing view to its visitors who can relish a peaceful walk or some quality time in here. Arrabida Natural Park comprises of rocky hills lined in a sequence. This area is richly vegetated and fertile. It has a warm yet cozy climate where one can spend his time by relaxing and enjoying the view.
The officially proclaimed national forest of Portugal is the Bucaco Forest. It encompasses an area of 105 hectares. Over 250 species and trees sprout in this forest. It is situated in Luso, Mealhada, Aveiro, Centro, Portugal. This park has an altitude of 1795 feet. This forest holds special historical significance because it came into inception in around 6th century.
The national tree of Portugal is the Quercus. After the suggestion and agreement of the consensus in December 2011 this tree was officially declared national by the eligible members of the parliament.
The national flower of Portugal is the Lavender. These flowers sprout among the leaves of mint. It is also utilized in cooking and adds delight and aroma to cuisines. However, the intensity and vigor of this flower augments as it dries. Lavender bears properties that are beneficial for the human body. It has the potency to treat the bug bites or minimal burns. It can also aid the treatment of anxiety, depression, and insomnia. The fragrance radiated or emitter from the Lavender oil is known to reduce stress and create an air of serenity and tranquility.
There is no unanimous conviction or opinion about the national animal of Portugal. However, many Portuguese claim that the national Portugal animal is the Dragon or the Wyvern. The dragons have unbeatable strength and in ancient era they were used in wars while combating. Western dragons are enormous and have bat-like wings which assist their pace, with four legs and a lengthy tail.
There is no definite or official fruit of Portugal. However, some prime fruits that grow in the Portugal regions are Pineapples which sprout in Azores, Bananas, which are grown in Madeira, Cherries, which are sown in the fields of Fundao, oranges, which flourish and grow in Algarve, Pera Rocha, which grows from under the fields of Torres Vedras and lastly the Portuguese fruit which sprouts virtually everywhere in Portugal.
The most highly ranked five Portugal cuisines are as follow in the chronological sequence; Cozido A Portuguesa and it is made out of meat such as chicken and beef. Caldo Verde is made using ingrediants or vegetables like onions, potatoes and kale. It is fried in either garlic or olive oil. Feijoada Trasmontana has ingrediants like pig hocks, knuckles or ears. Bacalhau A Bras is coated and garnished with fried potatoes and onions. Black or green olives are also added to it to increase its delight. Ameijoas A Bulhao Pato is a scrumptious snack often served with chilled bear.
The most preferred and suggested dessert of Portugal is that of Patel de Nata. It’s a custard formulated using ingrediants like egg and is served right after it slides out of the oven with a hint of softness, puffiness and warmness to it. In addition to that, it’s coated with cinnamon and powdered sugar.
The widely consumed and liked Portugal drink is that of Ginjinha or Ginja. It is an alcoholic drink made using the residual extract of Ginja cherries. This drink is served with a slice of a fruit lying at the surface or at the bottom of the drink.
A hint of a few officially proclaimed Portugal holidays is as follows; New Year’s Day (January 01), Carnival Tuesday (March 05), Father’s Day (March 19), Good Friday (April 19), Easter (April 21), Freedom Day (April 25), Labor Day (May 01), Mother’s Day (May 05), Portugal Day (June 10), Feast of St. Anthony (June 13), Corpus Christi (June 20), Feast of St. John Baptist (June 24), Assumption Day (August 15), Republic Day (October 05), All Saints’ Day (November 01), Restoration of Independence (December 01), Immaculate Conception Day (December 08), Christmas Day (December 25).
The Gross National Income of Portugal is estimated to be 324.2 billion PPP dollars and a survey conducted in 2017 reaffirmed this amount. Despite being a developed, modernized and a technological country Portugal still lags behind the other richer countries. Portugal is an economical country to reside in excluding the city of Lisbon which is relatively expensive to afford. The prime reason why Portugal is a relatively poorer country in comparison with other counties is its negative balance of payment. Its number of imports outweighs its exports, due to which Portugal might have to rely on foreign aid. Some important Portuguese exports include textiles, clothing, paper pulp, wine, cork, tomato paste and footwear. The Gross National Product of Portugal has gone all the way down since the midst of 2019. It is approximated to have been reduced by 50051.60 EUR Million.