The national independence day of Poland arrives annually on 11 November. This day is commemorated in the remembrance of Poland gaining its dominion as the Second Polish Republic in 1918. The Poland’s supremacy and power was regained from German, Austrian and Russian Empires. This day is joyfully and euphorically celebrated every year with the production of fireworks. In addition to that families are united and concerts are also held throughout the country. Poland terminated in terms of existence until World War 1 when obliteration of the other countries gave it a chance to reestablish. It is a Public holiday for all the citizens of Poland.
The national anthem of Poland was composed by Jozef Wybickie in 1797. However, the chronological order of the lyrics was managed by Kazimierz Sikorski in 1820s. This anthem is named as ‘Mazurek Dabowskiego’, formerly known as, ‘Poland Is Not Yet Lost’. It was publicly endorsed and given the status of a national anthem in 1926 around 93 years ago. The lyrics of this anthem also encouraged other countries to produce such an anthem because it gave them a hope to successfully attain the independence in the 19th century.
Poland National Anthem Audio And Download Link:
Poland National Anthem Audio And Download Link:
The national flag of Poland comprises of two colors; red and white. The upper horizontal ongoing stripe is colored white; however, the lower horizontal one consists of a red color. Both of these colors are officially declared to be the national ones. The former Polish flag was embraced on August 1, 1919. However, the contemporary flag was adopted on January 31, 1980. This flag consists of the arms of Poland (eagle), which look pretty much akin to an eagle, amidst its white stripe.
The national emblem of Poland is embodied by a White Eagle, also known as, Orzel Bialy in the Polish dialect. This White eagle is designed with its beak and talons colored as golden and there is a crown that rests on the top eagle’s head. This eagle is entirely embossed in a red emblem. The national symbol of Poland was generated when Poland’s founder witnessed a white eagle’s nest. Most of the national symbols of Poland depict its divergence from other counties and personify its cultural, national and historical monuments. The national embodiment of Poland is a source of unity that is elicited to associate the values and traditions of Polish people.
Capital of Poland
The capital city of Poland is known to be Warsaw. It is a tremendous and the largest city of Poland. Warsaw is the 8th widely populated city in the European Union. This city encompasses an area of 516.9 square kilometers. It is a predominant tourist spot which boosts the economical state of Poland. This city came into being in 13th century. Poland was considered one of the ethereal and captivating cities until World War 11 when it was destructed after the Germans invaded it in 1939. The city holds special historical significance for its preservation during a siege laid by Germans. Poland was later given the status for having a valorous military force. Due to this city being in the center of Krakow and Vilnius, Warsaw was endorsed as the capital of the commonwealth and the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland on account of King Sigismund 111 shifting his court to Warsaw all the way from Krakow in 1596.
The national currency of Poland is the Polish zloty. The code of this currency is PLN and it was inflated by 1.7% in 2018. The national symbol of the Polish currency is ZL, which was originated from the Polish lower-case letters. The widely used currency exchange rate is the PLN to EUR.
In the polish tradition the women’s attire consists of a white blouse which is adorned with beads on its front and back. The attire has a skirt as its part which usually has floral print. In addition to that, the costume has an apron as its foremost component; added to it is a beaded necklace and high-rise and lace-up boots. One thing that distinguishes married and unmarried Polish women is a bandana. Bachelor women wear floral one with ribbons on it while the married women pull up a white band on their head. These national outfits are usually worn on traditional occasions and other cultural festivals. These outfits often consist of vibrant and vivid floral prints. On the other hand, Polish men pull up a blue waistcoat that is often embellished with embroidery and tassels. Below the waistcoat is a combination of striped trousers. Added to it is a Krakusa cap topped with ribbons and peacock plumage. The belt which is worn around the trousers is adorned with metal rings.
The national colors of Poland are the same as found in the Polish flag which are white and red. These colors represent the divergence of Poland from other countries in terms of its values, culture, traditions and other historical importance.
The national Polish poet was named Adam Mickiewicz who was born on December 24, 1798 in Zavosse, Belarus and he died in November 26, 1855 in Constantinople. His most famous poems are’ Pan Tadeusz’, ‘The Last Fortray in Lithuania’, ‘Konrad Wallenrod’,’ Crimean Sonnets’, ‘Grazyna’ and ‘Ode to Youth’. He was professionally a poet, dramatist, essayist, publicist and a translator. He was a literary professor and was an active participant in Politics. His work is defined in terms of a romantic genre.
The officially declared national airline of Poland is LOT Polish Airlines. The headquarters of this airline is situated and based in Warsaw. This airline came into being in December 29, 1928. This airline is considered one of the earliest airlines which is still active and is operating.
Usually the museums located in Poland are associated with a particular name which is ‘National Museum of Poland’. The five most prominent museums of Poland are The National Museum in Warsaw, which was established on May 20, 1862 and it is accessible through trolley or busses. Its director is reported to be Agnieszka Morawinska and in 2015 it had an estimated number of visitors which were 540. This particular museum in Warsaw is one of the earliest art museums in Poland. It comprises of collections including painting, sculptural art, and other fragments of art. The second most notable museum of Poland is the National Museum in Krakow and it was founded in 1879 and is the foremost national museum of Poland. It contains the most ethereal pieces of art within it. Its director is named Andrzej Betlej. The third most popular among the Polish museums is the National Museum, Gdansk and it came into inception in 1972. Its current director is Wojciech Bonislawski. Followed by it comes the Muzeum Narodowe w Poznaniu which was inaugurated in 1857. It is rich in Polish paintings and is also has a show-case of foreign paintings derived and preserved ever since 16th century. The fifth hugest museum of Poland is the National Museum in Wroclaw which came into being on March 28, 1948. Its director is Piotr Oszczanowski. This museum bears within it the oldest as well as the present artwork of Poland.
The national library of Poland is known as Biblioteka Narodowa in the Polish context. It came into inception on August 8, 1747 and was formerly known as Zaluski Library. However, later it was renamed as the National library on Febuary 24, 1928. It is currently situated in Warsaw, London. Its directorial position is credited to Dr. Tomasz Makowski and it encompasses an area of 9634026 As. The library has exclusive shelves for books, journals, electronic and audiovisual publications. This library holds special significance because of its human research department. The various collections of objects that this library bears are considered one of the largest in the country. A survey conducted in 2004 confirmed that this library has books worth the volume of 7900000.
The national stadium of Poland is situated in Warsaw and is known as PGE Narodowy and it has attained its official name since 2015. The canopy of this stadium can be rebuilt over and over again. Besides that this stadium is usually utilized for holding football matches and it is the prime stadium where Poland National Football Team exercises their sports. It is a governmental owned stadium and has a volume of 58145. The ground capacity is estimated to be 105×68 meters. This stadium was inaugurated on January 29, 2012. The architectural design of this stadium is credited to Schlaich Bergermann & partner.
The national game of Poland is football. However, there are various other types of sports exercised by Polish citizens such as volleyball, motorcycle speedway, ski jumping, track and field, basketball , boxing, fencing, rugby union, field hockey, handball, ice hockey, swimming and lastly, weightlifting. In spite of all these games played in Poland, the highest-ranked one is that of football and it prevails over any other Polish sport.
There are 29 rivers in Poland, most prominent of which is the Vistula River that empties its streams directly into Baltic Sea and it covers an area of 1047 kilometers. The second most important Polish river is the Oder River which, too, deposits directly into the Baltic Sea and it has an area limit of 854 kilometers. The third longest Polish River is the Warta River that streams all the way down to the Oder. It has an estimated length of 808 kilometers. The fourth prime River of Poland is the Western Bug which deposits its water into Narew and is reported to have an area cover of 772 kilometers. Then, comes the Narew River that transfers its water directly to the Vistula and has a length of 484 kilometers. The sixth largest river is the San River and it gushes into the Vistula as well. It has a length of 443 kilometers. Followed by it is the Notec River that streams all the way down into the Warta. It has a length of 388 kilometers. Pilica River transfers its water into the Vistula and it has a capacity of 319 kilometers. Subsequently, Wieprz has a length of 303 kilometers and it deposits its water into Vistula. Bobr is the 10th largest river and it streams down into the Oder and it has an area cover of 272 kilometers. Lyna is the 11th largest and it transfers its water into the Pregolya and it has a length of 264 kilometers. Nysa Luzycka makes its way directly into the Oder which has a volume of 252 kilometers. Wkra is the 13th largest river of Poland and it deposits directly into Narew and it has a capacity of 249 kilometers. Followed by it is the 14th largest river which is known as Dunajec River and gushes into the Vistula and has an approximate length of 274 kilometers. Then is the 15th one known as the Brda River which also streams down into Vistula and it has a length of 238 kilometers. Prosna River pushes its water down into the Warta and has an area cover of 217 kilometers. Drweca River empties its residual water into the Vistula and has a volume of 207 kilometers. Wislok River deposits its water into the San and it has a capacity of 205 kilometers. The 19th longest river of Poland is the Wda, also known as, Czarna Woda and it transfers its water into Vistula which is the emptying water spot for most of the Polish Rivers. It has an estimated length of 198 kilometers. Drawa River transfers its water directly into the Notec and has a length of 186 kilometers. Nysa Klodzka goes all the way into Oder and it has a length of 182 kilometers. The 22nd longest River is Poprad and its water gushes into the Dunajec and it has a length of 170 kilometers. Pasleka River transfers its streams into Vistula Bay and Baltic Sea and it has a length of 169 kilometers. Rega River streams down into the Baltic Sea and it consists of an area cover of 168 kilometes. The 25th largest river of Poland is Bzura which empties its water into the Vistula and it has a volume of 166 kilometers. Wisloka River also goes down into Vistula and it has a capacity of 164 kilometers. The 27th longest Polish River is Obra River which transfers its water directly into the Warta and it has an area limit of 164 kilometers. Followed by it is the Biebrza River which releases its residual water into the Narew and it has an area cover of 155 kilometers. At last, Nida River that empties into the Vistula has a reported area cover of 151 kilometers. All these 29 Polish rivers encompass an area of 19000 kilometers.
The highest summits in Poland are the Tatra Mountains. These mountains cover an area of 785 square kilometers. The Rysy summit is a Polis mountain situated to the south of Zakopane and it has an elevation of 8212 feet. The second highest mountain in Poland is Mieguszowiecki Szczyt Wielki which has a height of 7999 feet. Followed by it is the Svinica River which has an elevation of 7549 feet. The fourth highest river of Poland is Kozi Wierch which Iocated at a height of 7516 feet. Miedziane is the fifth highest Polish River having an elevation of 7326 feet. The Klin Mountain has an altitude of 7139 feet. The seventh highest summit of Poland is Kresanica which is situated at a height of 6962 feet. Then comes the Smreczynski Wierch and it is 6785 above the ground. The ninth highest mountain is the Volovec having an altitude of 6768 feet. Lastly, the tenth highest summit of Poland is the Tomnowy Wierch Polski and it is 6486 above the sea.
The five most referred to and tempting national parks of Poland are as follow; Bialowieza National Park and it is known to be one of the earliest Polish parks. It’s situated to the northeast of Warsaw opposite to the Belarusian border. The second most visited national Polish park is the Kampinos National Park which is also known as Puszcza Park. It is 30 minutes away from the Warsaw city centre. The third most widely known park is the Tatra National Park which is considered a great spot to apprise oneself of the highest Polish summits. The fourth National park of Poland is the Slowinski National Park and it is located at an altitude of 42 meters. It is situated off the coast of the Baltic Sea. Then comes the Bory Tucholskie National Park and it encompasses an area of 45 square kilometers.
One of the earliest Polish zoos is the Old Zoo in Poznan and it is situated in the city of Poznan, Greater Poland Voivodeship. It was established in 1874.This zoo encompasses an area of 12.9 acres. Its managerial duties are under its director named Ewa Zgrabczynska. It has an estimated number of 2532 animals and 368 other species.
The earliest and the largest forest of Poland which one extended across the European Plain is known as the Bialowieza Forest. It is situated in the Grodno and Brest regions, Belarus Podlaskie Voivodeship, Poland. It has a capacity, in terms of area, of 3085.8 kilometers square. It was established on August 11 1932. The species of unique birds found in this forest is the biggest aspect that tempts and draws tourists to this forest.
The national or the most famous among the Polish trees is the ‘Common Oak’, ‘Pedunculate Oak’, ‘European Oak’, or ‘Polish Oak’. These trees bear the tendency to sprout for up to hundred years. Many birds inhabit these trees and these trees render to them a homeland.
The national flower of Poland is Papver Rhoeas and it consists of vibrant red color embossed on four of its petals. It usually sprouts in the late spring and is found in the northern hemisphere. Following the World War 1 the agricultural fields of Poland became barren, however, after some time these Corn Poppies or the Papver Rhoeas protruded from under the ground and ever since became an emblem of the war.
The national animal of Poland, respectively, is the European Wood Bison or the Wisent (Bison bonasus).
The national bird of Poland is a White Eagle which is evidently found on the upper stripe of the Polish flag. This bird represents the country’s sovereignty and is also an emblem of Poland.
The national Polish cuisine is the ‘Bigos’ and it is also known as the Polish hunter’s strew. It is one of the customary Polish dishes widely consumed and liked by the Polish citizens. This dish is originated from ingrediants such as cabbage. It is highly preferred to be tasted by the tourists that visit Poland time to time.
The most popular Polish dessert is the Polish donut also known as Paczki. This is widely available delightful snack available in Poland. These are roundly shaped yeast cakes with an internal stuffing or filling of strawberry and rose extracts as well as sweet curd cheese and chocolate. This is a deep-fried dessert and it is served with a topping of either icing sugar or chocolate over it.
The customary Polish drink is known as Krupnik or Krupnikas (Lithuanian), and in the Polish context it is popular with the name of ‘Belarusian’. It is a relentlessly sugary and intoxicated drink and it is virtually the same as Liqueur. The prime ingrediants used to produce this drink are vodka and honey. It is the most famous in Poland, Belarus, and Lithuania.
A hint of a few national holidays is as follows; New Year’s Day (January 01), Three King’s Day (January 06), Easter (April 21), Easter Monday (April 22), Labor Day (May 01), Constitution Day (May 03), Mother’s Day (May 26), Pentecost Sunday (June 09), Corpus Christi (June 20), Father’s Day (June 23), Assumption Day (August 15), All Saints’ Day (November 01), Independence Day (November 11), Christmas Day (December 25), St. Stephen’s Day (December 26).
The Gross National income of Poland is reckoned as 1.07 trillion PPP dollars. A survey conducted in 2017 reported that agricultural sector contributes 2.4%, industrial sector 40.2% and tertiary sector 57.4% to the Polish Gross Domestic Product and the national income of Poland. The Polish economy is ranked as number sixth in the entire European Union. After 30 years of Poland’s untiring efforts to achieve a reputable economical status it has become the most successful, in terms of economy, in the entire Europe. Its economy has boosted substantially over the time and also has become competent to any other European country. Its Gross Domestic Product has considerably inflated and augmented, by virtually 150%, with the passage of time that categorically defines its cost-effectiveness.