The People’s Republic of China (PRC) celebrated its national day on the 1st of October. Over time, the National Day of China has been celebrated through multiple ways throughout the history of the country.
In the country of China, the government announced holiday is for three days, but theses holidays are usually prolonged by some more holidays which are recompensed by doing the work on weekends. It also depends on how the particular holiday comes in that week. This is famously known as the ‘Golden Week’ because many holidays come together. It is also one of the prolonged holiday periods in the People’s Republic of China. This idea was actually launched in the year 2000 to encourage local tourism and to make people visit their families living in distant places.
The country of China was founded on the 1st October in the year 1949 with observation at the Tian’anmen Square. In the month of December and in the same year, the Government of China passed the Resolution regarding the National Day of the country, claiming that 1st of October would be the National Day of People’s Republic of China (PRC). During the 1950s, mass demonstrations and gigantic military march past were held to celebrate the National Day.
In the year 1960, the State Council and the Communist Party of China (CPC) ordered not to glorify the national anthem so much because the country was established through too much hard work. During the 1960s till the year 1970, Tian’anmen Square saw the massive rallies, but military march past was not held. Then from the year 1971 till the year 1983, people started going to the parks and other celebrations to celebrate the national day. However, later the gigantic festivities did not take place. But, the massive gigantic rallies and military march past were held in the years 1984 and 1999 to observe the 35th anniversary as well as the 50th anniversary of the creation of China.
The National Anthem of the People’s Republic of China is known as “March of the Volunteers” (义勇军进行曲 – yì yǒng jūn jìn xíng qǔ). Tian Han (田汉), a poet and playwright wrote the lyrics of the national anthem. In reality, it was the part of another poem written by him called “The Great Wall” (万里长城 – wàn lǐ cháng chéng) with an aim of being used in a theatre play or film. Nie Er (聂耳), was the composer of this national anthem. Nie Er brought the words into music when he was in Japan. Unfortunately, he died in Japan during swimming and he was only 23 years old at that time. In the year 1949 and in the month of June, a committee was assigned a duty to select a particular national anthem for the People’s Republic of China. Although, it was not formed till that time and it was going to be formed. There were 700 national anthems selected out of which “The March of the Volunteers” was finally decided to serve the purpose of the national anthem. Moreover, it initially became the interim national anthem a few days before Mao Zedong created a new China, and it finally became the official anthem of the country in the year 1982. It will be surprising to know that, the poet Tian Han’s words were officially not allowed to be sung because he was in jail during the time of the Cultural Revolution. In that short period, ‘The East is Red’ was an unofficial national anthem of the PRC. An amendment to the constitution was made in the year 2004 when the “March of the Volunteers” was finally proclaimed as an anthem. “The East is Red” is the anthem of Republic of China or Taiwan.
People’s Republic of China National Anthem Video And Download Link:
People’s Republic of China National Anthem Audio And Download Link:
The National flag of the People’s Republic of China was formally recognized on 1st of October and in the year 1949. The background color of the flag is red. The red is a sign and symbolization of communist revolution. The color red has also been a color of the residents of the People’s Republic of China since time immemorial. There are five gold-colored stars in total on the flag. One star is the biggest in size of the five and it is located on the extreme top left-hand side. The gold-colored star with the biggest size is facing the four gold-colored stars on its right. The four stars are small in size.
The biggest gold-colored star is an indication of communism, however, the remaining four small stars indicate the social group among the people. The social groups include peasants, bourgeoisie, blue collar workers, white collar workers, rich, poor, middle-class, etc. Furthermore, the five stars all together describe the significance of the number five in Chinese ideology.
Standard Chinese has been declared as the national language in the People’s Republic of China. It is also the official language of Taiwan. It is also called Standard Mandarin and Modern Standard Mandarin. The Standard Chinese is a formal dialect of Mandarin Chinese, it also has the involvement of other dialects in it. However, as far as the grammar of Chinese is concerned it is the same written vernacular. As far as the vocabulary is concerned it is based in Mandarin, and its words are pronounced with the Beijing dialect. In the People’s Republic of China, the Standard Chinese is called Putonghua. The English translation of the word Putonghua is a commonly spoken language. Simultaneously, in the Republic of China or Taiwan, it is called Guoyu, the English translation is “national language”. The authority known as National Language Regulating Committee in China controls the language. According to Chinese law, the Standard Chinese is the official language in China. But, there are other varieties of the language in Mainland China as well. There is one Chinese law with the following name “National Common Language and Writing Law,” which obligates the Government of China to promote Standard Chinese. According to details published by the Ministry of Education in China, more than 3/5 of the population-based in China are able to speak Standard Chinese, and less than 15% are fluent in the language. Standard Chinese is a part of the educational syllabus all over China and also in Taiwan. The Government of China aims to make the language common across the country trying to reach a ratio of 4/5 in the population speaking the Standard Chinese by the year 2020. When it comes to the writing of the language, the language makes use of both basic characters of Chinese as used in Putonghua, and also the old characters of Chinese used in Guoyu. To help the blind people, the Mainland Chinese Braille, and also Two-Cell Chinese Braille are used. The Cantonese is also having official status. The Cantonese language has been originated in the port Guangzhou. Over there it is widely spoken in the Pearl River Delta. Another name of Guangzhou is Canton, from where its name has been derived.
The Central People’s Government of China officially proclaimed the national emblem of the country in the month of September in the year 1950. The national emblem portrays Tiananmen being shined by the light generated out of five stars over it. The emblem has also been framed properly. Tiananmen symbolizes the new China as after the period from the 4th of May in the year 1919 a movement was launched, which talks about the initialization of the modern revolution which democratized China. At Tiananmen Square the inaugural ceremony of the country took place. The framing on the national emblem highlights the peasants and the blue-collar workers. However, the five stars represent the unification of multiple nationalities in the People’s Republic of China. The national emblem highlights that the country of China as a socialist state governed by the blue-collar workers and the lower class and the peasants together.
The colors red and yellow are the national colors of the People’s Republic of China. The color Red highlights the orthodox color of Chinese civilization. The red color also indicates the Communist Revolution and the blood of the people shed during the civil war and fight with Japan. The dynasty of Manchu has a yellow color which is official. This color describes the Chinese people as the “yellow race.”
The red color conforms to fire it signifies good luck and happiness. The red color is very common during the Chinese New Year and also during the different holiday festivities and functions. Surprisingly, a red-colored envelope is basically having money in it. It is given as a gift in China on special occasions. The red color highlights the good fortune. It cannot be used in funerals because the idea of death is linked with sorrow. But, the name of the dead people is written with red color.
The yellow color conforms to the earth, it is considered as a fine and respectable color. According to one of the sayings in Chinese, Yellow color produces Yin and Yang, signifying that yellow controls everything or everything surrounds yellow color. The color yellow is used instead of the gold color when yellow is combined with red.
In ancient China, the yellow color was used by the ruler and it is considered as the representative to the five famous emperors of imperial China. The color yellow is used to decorate magnificent fortresses, altars, temples, etc. It was also used in the dresses of the rulers.
The yellow color denotes independence from the concerns of the world and it is revered in the religion of Buddhism. The Monks wear yellow clothes, this color is common in their temples as well. However, the Chinese Buddhists use yellow color in the events of sadness. Yellow also characterizes bravery in China, but in the west it is opposite.
The country China is famous for silk production, it has a cultural significance with it. China initialized the silkworm cultivation and silk weaving. It has been doing it from 5000 to 6000 years from now. There are different clothes and garments according to different events and occasions. They have orthodox Zhongshan suit, Cheongsam and various types of other garments developed by many ethnicities. Every garment has a particular weaving and sewing method. These have gone through many changes over time.
In the traditional feudal society, the rank of the people, their standing in the society can easily be seen from the clothes they are wearing. The ruling elite had different dresses, the ruler or Emperor was given yellow color and there was also a symbol of the dragon on the orthodox imperial clothing which demonstrated his authority. However, in the case of the people of the imperial government and their wives, they wore uniforms which showed the images of lions on them.
In modern-day China, there is no particular clothing or costume in China. If any style of garment signifies the Chinese culture, then it is the Cheongsam, also known as Qipao. It can also fit on the body of the women in China as well. Both young and old people can wear them.
The Renminbi or Chinese Yuan is widely used across mainland China. However, in Hong Kong and Macau, one can find the Hong Kong dollar and Pataca being used officially. The translation of the word “Renminbi,” is “money of the people,”. Every currency has a basic unit and the basic unit of Renminbi is the Yuan. The symbol which characterizes the Yuan. In some areas of the People’s Republic of China, the currency yuan is known as kuai. For instance, US dollars are called bucks, which is a slang word. The official bank of China which is called the People’s Bank of China issues the Chinese currency in values of one, two, five, ten, twenty, fifty, and also one hundred yuan.
Capital of the Country
The city of Beijing is the capital of China, its meaning is “Northern Capital”. It is one of the most populated cities in the world. The city of Beijing comes next to Shanghai in terms of being the largely populated areas.
The National Library of China (NLC) is located in Beijing. It has archives of more than 37 million. National Library of China is the largest library in the whole continent of Asia and it is also one of the biggest in the world. It has the most archives of Chinese literature and ancient documents in the world.
The National Museum of China is located on the right-hand side of Tiananmen Square and it is also close to the Chang’an Street, it faces the Great Hall of the People. The construction of the National Museum of China and the Great Hall of the People were simultaneously completed. Its precursor was the former Museum of Chinese Revolution and the Museum of Chinese History. The museum has material which tells about Chinese culture and history.
The national Airline carrier of China is Air China Limited. This airline has a widespread network of flights. Its head office is located in Beijing. The flights established in Beijing Capital International Airport. Surprisingly, in the year 2017, the airline flew 102 million passengers. The passengers were both from China and other countries.
There are three national poets of China:
Du Fu was born in the year 712, in the Henan province of China and he died in the year 770. He is regarded as one of the best poets. He was born into an educated family, he received the ancient Chinese Confucian learning but he could not succeed in the examinations at that time held in 735. Consequently, he traveled the majority of his time in his childhood. After some time he became famous as a poet and met another renowned poet of his time known as Li Bai. Which influenced him as well.
Li Bai was born in the year 701, in the Sichuan province and dies in the year 762. He is also regarded as the best of all times. He did not belong to any rich or famous family. When he reached the age of 24 he left his home and started wandering, later he got married and started living with the family of his wife in Hubei. By that time he had already initiated writing poetry, he also showed it to the government officials in order to get employed with them. Then he moved to Chang’an (Tang dynasty capital), and in the year 742, and became a part of the poets in the court. Later on, in the year 744, he started to wander as always.
Lu Xun was born in the year 1881 in the Zhejiang province and died in the year 1936 in the city of Shanghai. Considered as one of the finest Chinese writers of the last century. He wrote essays on the traditional Chinese conditions and the present-day situations of China. He was born in a rich and respectable family. In Beijing, his grandfather was a government servant. In the year 1893, his grandfather was jailed for fraud. With the passage of time, the reputation of the family was affected and they were regarded as inferior by the people. This deeply influenced his writing, because it has an element of sorrow in it.
The National Stadium is also called as Bird’s Nest, it is located in Beijing. It was created to hold the Olympic Games in the year 2008. However, after the year 2008, the government has opened it for the tourists. Presently, local and international competitions of sports are held. In the year 2022, the inaugural and the final ceremonies of the Winter Olympic Games will take place there. It was designed by the architects from Switzerland naming Pierre de Meuron and Jacques Herzog. They were also supported by an architect from China called Li Xinggang and a few others. The architects did not work too hard to design the stadium. In order to make it unique, they made the structures of steel completely evident to give them a unique look.
The following are the national parks of the People’s Republic of China:
It is located towards the Center of China near the Yi River in Henan Province. Closer to its location is Luoyang, which used to be a part of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China. The Longmen Grottoes are a few caves and carvings on the stone. One can find caves numbering 2,300 and statues numbering 110,000 statues in total. The largest statue is of the Buddha, having a height of 57 feet. All of them are very significant to the religion of Buddhism.
Jiuzhaigou consists of the Zechawa, Rize and Shezung Valleys and stretching to more than 72,000 hectares. They are located in Sichuan Province. The name of Jiuzhaigou means ‘Valley of the Nine Fortified Villages.’ In the year 1970s, it became famous to the world. Jiuzhaigou many unique plants and animals such as Sichuan takin, giant panda, the snub-nosed monkey, and red panda. It has magnificent lakes which are very crystal clear that anyone can see its bottom.
Shilin Stone Forest
The Shilin Stone Forest is an odd site which has been made from a bizarre mineral which grows from the land. In Yunnan Province in southern China, the stones have gone through erosion from 270 million years. It is a part of the World Heritage Site of UNESCO and it consists of lakes, caves, many stone forests, waterfalls, Naigu.
The Shennongjia is located in the Hubei Province. It covers the 90,000 hectares of rivers, mountains, and thick forests. The researchers’ visit this spot from different countries to find about unique species which includes the white bear, white colored monkey and also the white colored muntjac. There are umpteen number of peaks of mountains 2,500 meters elevation. Extremely cold winds from Siberia come here. UNESCO protects this location.
The National Park with the name of Mount Sanqingshan consists of area up to 23,000 hectares in Jiangxi Province. It is also UNESCO’s World Heritage Site. It took millions of years to develop this place. The Taoists adore this place; the three peaks make this up. Many unique species are found at this place.
Guilin Li River
The Lijiang River is located in the province of Guangxi to the south of China covering an area of 116 kilometers from Guilin to Yangshuo. The place is known for original magnificence and free from the man-made intervention. It has existed from, around the 10th century during the reign of the Song Dynasty. It has become a tourist spot.
Lushan is situated in the province of Jiangxi, this is also a magnificent location known for its beauty. It also used to be Summer Capital of Taiwan. The politicians such as Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Tse-tung loved to come to this place.
In the year 1982, Zhangjiajie bagged the title of the first national forest park. It is also the World Heritage Site of UNESCO. One can find three thousand stone pillars. There are ravines, valleys falls and streams in the national park.
Mount Song is situated in the province of Henan. It has a very important significance in Taoism and Buddhism. The emperor of China used to come here for the pilgrimage. One can find the renowned Shaolin Temple, as well as the origin of Zen Buddhism. Even the Shaolin Kung Fu started over here.
Mount Huangshan has always been an important location from the 8th-century rule of the Tang Dynasty. Some legends claim that one can find the elixir of life over the top of the mountains. From many hundreds of years, many intellectuals such as solitaries, poets, and artists have been attracted to it. One can see a peak of granites, springs with hot water, pine forests, and also the sea of clouds.
Kindly, have a look at the national mountains of China below:
1: Huà Shān
The English translation of Hua Shan Mountain is Marvelous Mountain, it is located on the western side. It is at the location where the sun sets, it represents death and the hidden life. Hua Shan Mountain is situated in the Shaanxi province, near the Huayin city. It longest peak is called South Peak, which is located at 7,070 feet over and above sea level.
2: Tài Shān
The English translation of Tai Shan Mountain is to Tranquil Mountain, which is located in the eastern side. It is at the position where the sun rises, which denotes birth and energizing. It is situated in the Shandong province, towards the north of Tai’an city. The longest peak of this mountain is called Jade Emperor, which is around 5,029-5,069 feet above sea level.
3: Héng Shān (Hunan)
Héng Shān Mountains are located towards the south of China. The words Heng Shan translates as Balancing Mountain. They are situated in the Hunan province, covering an area of 93 miles. Its longest peak is called Zhurong Peak, it is 4,300 feet in above sea level.
4: Héng Shān (Shanxi)
They are located towards the North. The words Heng Shan mountain translates as Permanent Mountain. They are situated towards the Shanxi province, its longest peak is 6,617 feet above sea level.
5: Sōng Shān
They are located in the center of China. In English, the Song Shan Mountain means Lofty Mountain. They are in the Henan province near the Yellow River. Its longest peak is 4,961 feet above sea level.
In China Yangtze River is the largest. It is one of the longest in the world. The river increases in Geladaindong, this is the longest peak of the Tanggulashan Mountains. It flows towards the east 6,300 km crossing the 11 provinces, independent regions, towns and cities and then it falls into the East China Sea.
The People’s Republic of China does not have any national sport but table tennis is a very popular sport. You can see many Chinese playing it.
The Zhangjiajie National Forest Park is a very different national forest park situated in Zhangjiajie City. It is present in Hunan Province in China. It has an area of 4,810 hectares or 11,900 acres.
The national zoo is Beijing Zoo which was founded in the year 1906. It is a very ancient zoo in the country. The total number of animals which the zoo has is 14,500. However, the species are numbering 950. It is located in Beijing, China. This is having a land area of 89 hectares or 220 acres. Every year it is visited by over 6 million people.
The plum blossom is the national flowers for the People’s Republic of China as well as Taiwan.
The National Tree of China is Ginkgoes. It symbolizes resilience.
The National fruit of China is the Fuzzy kiwifruit. The scientific name of Fuzzy kiwifruit is Actinidia deliciosa. Simultaneously, Jujube is the National fruit of China. Bearing the scientific name of Ziziphus zizyphus.
The Red-crowned Crane is the national bird. The Grus japonensis is its scientific name. This is also known as the Japanese crane.
The national animal of the People’s Republic of China includes Panda of the black and white color. This is considered as the most cutest
Baijiu or shaojiu is an alcoholic drink which has gone through the process of distillation. It is made with sorghum. There are some types which go through the distillation from huangjiu, also from the drinks made from rice. Sometimes it is also known as “Chinese vodka”.
One cannot find much information about the national dish of China. But, the following are the popular dish in the country:
- Dragon’s Beard Candy
- Almond Jelly
- Red Bean Bun
- Egg Tarts
- Grass Jelly
- Sweet Egg Bun
- Deep-Fried Durian
Peking duck is a national dish of the country. It is actually roasted.
Bok Choi is the national vegetable of China.
The following are the national holidays of China.
- April: 5th 2019 –Tomb Sweeping Day
- February: 4th to 10th 2019 – Chinese New Year
- January: 1st, 2019 – International New Year
- June: 7th 2019 – Dragon Boat Festival
- May: 1st – May 4th, 2019 – Labor Day
- October: 1st – 7th 2019 – National Holiday
- September: 13th 2019 – Mid Autumn Festival
National Income of the People’s Republic of China was recorded at 89,691.500 RMB Billion in the month of December in the year 2018. It increased from the national income of 81,846.100 RMB Billion for the month of December in the year 2017.