National Day

The national day of Panama arrives annually on November 28th. It was officially proclaimed an Independence Day and a public holiday all around Panama in 1821. On this day the Panamanians commemorate the events of November 28, 1821, when Panama was emancipated from the Spanish rule. The Independence Day of Panama is incomplete until and unless it has an inclusion of fireworks and parades, all of which are held in the capital city of Panama. This day symbolizes the sovereignty and strength of this country. The streets of the Panamanian Capital are inundated with dancers dressed in traditional and customary attires of Panama. The army forces also emerge on the streets and line up in sequence to reminisce the valor of their ancestors who are owed the attainment of freedom of Panama from the Spanish dominion.

National Anthem

The officially declared national anthem of Panama is the Himno Istmeno. Santos A. Jorge composed the song of this anthem while Jeronimo de la Ossa wrote the lyrics. This anthem was formulated in 1903. It was embraced as the national anthem in 1906. This anthem was produced after the partition took place between Panama and Columbia.

Panama National Anthem Video And Download Link:


Panama National Anthem Audio And Download Link:


National Flag

The official flag of Panama was embraced and promulgated on March 25, 1925. Maria de la Ossa de Amador designed this flag. November 4 is a public holiday commemorated in recognition of the national flag of Panama. This flag comprises of four rectangular shapes with a white rectangle having a blue star in its midst, and it is situated in the upper left quadrant. Right below, it is a blue quadrant. The lower right quadrant is entirely white and has a red star in its central position. However, the upper right quadrant is filled with red color. The stars, colored as red and blue, located amidst two of the quadrants personify the opponent political parties of Panama. The red embodies the liberal rival party, while; the blue represents the conventional opposition team. The white color stands for peace and serenity.


National Emblem

The official emblem of Panama is the Pro Mundi Beneficio (For the Benefit of the World), and it consists of several embodiments that portray the emancipation of Panama from Spanish, as well as, Columbian rule. The Panamanian national symbol is almost akin or similar to a wide shield. The upper-right nook of the shield comprises of two objects, sword, and a gun and above it is banner which has a term ‘Pro Mundi’ written on it. The upper left quarter, adjacent to the right one, of the symbol, depicts an axe and a hammer, utilized for establishing the Panamanian canal, above which also is a banner displaying the term ‘Beneficio.’ Both of these banners overlap each other at their ends and meet at the verge of the mouth of an eagle that has enormous wings. There are nine stars shown above the head of the eagle which embody the nine provinces which were established in 1946. The eagle is a symbol that represents the amicability of Panama and America, which was the first state to declare Panamanian sovereignty and independence. To the extreme right lower quarter is depicted the wealth of Panama and on the left one is shown a winged wheel, used to represent traffic. Amid both the upper and lower quarters is shown a rectangular belt portraying the harmony, fertility, and vegetation of the Panamanian land. This emblem was officially adopted on June 4, 1904.


Capital of Panama

The Panama City is the capital of Panama and at the same time the hugest city among all other Panamanian ones. It is a widely developed urban city with an estimated population of 880,691. This city is situated at the opening of the Pacific Canal, in the region of Panama. The political, administrative or managerial, banking and commercial headquarters of Panama are all based in this city. Pedro Arias de Avila founded the Panama City on August 15, 1519. This city encompasses an area of 275 kilometers square and has an altitude of 7 feet. Panama City is the prime banking hub of the country.


National Currency

The official and the national currency of Panama is the Panamanian Balboa that is named after a Spanish discoverer, Vasco Nunez de Balboa. Following the emancipation and freedom of Panama, the Balboa currency came into being, in 1904, and replaced the former official currency of Panama known as Columbian Peso. Another contemporary official currency of Panama is the United States Dollar that is equivalent to that of the Balboa currency. The US dollar is reported to have inflated by 1.52% in 2019. The US dollar is the world’s widely used currency in terms of international transactions.


National Dress

The customary dress of Panama, for women, is the Pollera. It is, although, derived from Spain but later it became an essential part of the traditional Panamanian clothing. The dress is a pair consisting of a blouse below which is worn a long skirt. In spite of this dress being imitated from the Spanish culture, Panamanians have still managed to add their traditional hints to the attire to distinguish it from that of the Spanish outfit. The Formal Montuno is a conventional dress that the Panamanian men have inherited from their culture. This costume comprises of a white shirt with long sleeves, and a closed neckline and below it are wearing long black pants. Panamanian men also wear a hat made out of straw which has black lines printed on it. A mini bag which dangles down to the left side of the body and bicolor, black and white, shoes are also part of the attire.


National Color

The official colors of Panama are precisely the same as found in the Panamanian flag, which personifies the sovereignty of the country. The Panamanian national colors are as follow; Blue, White, and Red. Now the white color is a symbolic factor that defines peace. On the other hand, both blue and red represent the two prime political parties in Panama. One of which is a conservative party (blue) and the other opposition team is a liberal one (red).

National Poet

The nationally recognized poet of Panama is Ricardo Miro, and he is known as the most prominent and predominant poet of the country. He was born on November 5, 1883, in the capital city of Panama, Panama City and died on March 2, 1940, in the same city as he was born in. A literary prize, the Ricardo Miro National Literary Contest of the Republic of Panama, was named after Ricardo Miro to owe him the honor he deserved for producing the impeccable and incredible poetry in Panama. This prize contest is held annually to empower and provoke the literary artists to narrate their talent to make Panama rich in terms of both literary writings and poetry. In 1917, Ricardo Miro came back to Panama to take the position of a director of the National Archives. However, shortly afterward in 1927, he served as a secretary for the Academia Panamena de la Lengua for 13 years, until 1940. His highly rated and ranked poems are “The Last Seagull” (1905), “Native Land” (1909) and the “To Portobello” (1918).


National Airline

Although there is a long list of airlines that are based in Panama, however, the most famous and widely referred to by the Panamanian authorities is Copa Airlines. Its headquarters are based in Panama City, the capital of Panama. Its prime activity center or network is based at Tocumen International Airport. This airline was established on June 21, 1944, and it embarked its operations on August 15, 1947. The total income generated from this airline is $2.249 billion, and after deducting all the payable costs, it gives out a profit of $326.4 million.


National Museum

The highest-ranked three national museums of Panama are as follow; Punta Culebra Nature Center, which is situated on an island in the Panama City, Panama. It was established in 1996, and this museum encompasses an area of 3.7 acres. It’s an open-air museum and renders to its visitors a pleasing sight of raccoons, butterflies, exotic birds, and sloths, wandering around in this area. The captivating frogs and mesmerizing turtles can also be found in this museum. The Biomuseo Museum is located in the capital city of Panama, and it was founded back in October 2014. Its design is owed to an architect named Frank Gehry. Within the museum is a coffee shop as well as a gift store. It also consists of a public atrium and a tempting and beautifully designed garden for whose creation Edwina von Gal is credited. The Panama Canal Museum is also situated in Panama City, Panama. It was created in 1997, and this museum holds the historical events, in the form of books, of the establishment of the Panama Canal. This museum was, originally, an activity center for both the French and U.S firms. It was constructed back in 1874 and was later endorsed as the national museum of Panama in 1997.


National Library

The national and official status of a Panamanian library is given to the Biblioteca Nacional de Panama which is located in the Panama City and has legally permitted by the Panamanian authorities to continue under this name as this library has attained the copyright status and consent from the Panamanian officials. It was inaugurated on July 11, 1942. Its current directorial positional status is given to Maria Magela Brenes and Guadalupe Garcia de Rivera.


National Stadium

The Panamanian national stadium is known as the Estadio Nacional de Panama, also referred to as, the Rod Carew National Stadium. It serves in multiple aspects, and it was established back in 1999. It has a volume of 27,000. In total, this stadium encompasses an area of 1042 feet. Its owner is Patronato Del Estadio Nacional. In addition to that, it was designed by an architect named Carla De Bello. This stadium is named in honor of a Panamanian-American player, Rod Carew, who specialized in baseball. The ground of this stadium is widely utilized for baseball matches, and it is recently reported that the 2019 Caribbean Series will be hosted in this stadium.


National Game

The most widely practiced sport throughout Panama can be defined as boxing. Panama has already produced some of the world’s best and competent boxers who qualified and made to the finals and even won several prizes. The second-ranked sport in Panama is either baseball or soccer. For both of these sports, the country has unbeatable and most famous sportsmen. Another famous sport in Panama is football, which can also be reckoned among the highly exercised or ranked sports in Panama. Panama had its first football match in 1862. One of the most popular national football teams of Panama is the Men’s national team. The Panamanian team even made to the FIFA World Cup in 2018.


National River

The topmost famous rivers of Panama are as follow; Chepo River is situated in the Chepo region of Panama state. It empties its residual water into the Pacific Ocean, and it has a length of 206 kilometers. Its basin encompasses an area of 5292 kilometers. The Chagres River is recognized as the hugest river in Panama. It has a length of 193 kilometers, and its basin covers an area of 3262 kilometers square. Its water runs and deposits into the Gulf of Panama, commencing its journey from the Caribbean Sea. Hernando de la Serna discovered this river in 1527.

The Tuira River has an estimated length of 230 kilometers, and it is situated in the Darien district in the eastern region of Panama. It is one of the largest rivers of Panama, and it gushes into the Bay of San. Its basin covers an area of 10664.42 kilometers square. Lastly, the Matasnillo River is located in Panama, and it makes its way through the hills situated on the northern side of the Panama City to enter and deposit its water into the Panama Bay as well as the Pacific Ocean. It has an altitude of 660 feet and a length of 12.5 kilometers. Its basin is estimated to have a volume of 583 kilometers square.


National Mountain

The most famous mountain in Panama is the Volcan Baru, and it has an elevation of 3475 meters or 11401 feet. It is known to be the twelfth tallest summit in the Central-America. It last emitted lava in 1550. From the top of this summit, both the Pacific and the Caribbean Sea can be viewed through this has happened seldom, to date.


National Park

The four most recommended parks in Panama are as follow; Darien National Park is recognized as the hugest park of Panama, and it is an ideal place to enjoy a picnic or a day-off at. It encompasses an area of 579000 hectares. It is a habitat of foxes, giant pocket gophers, tapir and exotic cats like Puma, Jaguar, and Margay, etc. It also renders, to its visitors, an enthralling sight of different and unique plants either fully grown or still sprouting. This park can be accessed through the boat. The Soberania National Park is a homeland of 105 mammals, 55 amphibians, 36 freshwater fish species, and 79 reptiles. This park is virtually 25 kilometers away from the capital city of Panama. It is situated on the Panamanian basin. The Chagres National Park was inaugurated back in 1985.

It renders a home to birds, freshwater fish, and a few mammals like wild cats and tapirs. It is defined by rough topography. The Coiba Island National Park is a tremendous nook or an island located in Panama. It is primarily characterized by marine life. It encircles an area of 270,125 hectares. It contains within it several mesmerizing animals like dolphins, mantra, tiger shark and whales, etc. In addition to that birdlife and other mammals can also be found in here.


National Tree

The Sterculia apetala is the national tree of Panama, and it is commonly referred to as the Panama tree. It is sprouted in a straight, erected and an ongoing direction. It usually flourishes in regions like Central and South America and also in the Caribbean isles. It tends to grow up to the height of 20-40 meters while its leaf bears a length of 15-50 centimeters. Its leaves can be used as a canopy or a shade. The wood originated from the Sterculia apetala is used to make furniture and tool handles etc.


National Flower

The national flower of Panama is an ethereal white orchid known as “Flor del Espiritu Santo.” In the English context, it is widely referred to as the “Holy Ghost orchid” or “Flower of the Holy Spirit.” This flower sprouts in old forests or near them. The plant out of which the species of this flower is produced thrives on the stems of the trees usually having an altitude of 1100 meters. It usually flourishes between July and August. Its fragrance is akin to that of beer. This flower is surrounded by four leaves that fold upwards and have an elevation of 1 meter and broadness of 15 centimeters. These flowers have a marble white color with a slight hint of purple to them.


National Animal

The national animal of Panama is a golden frog. It is considered to be an embodiment of good luck. These frogs are often yellow-colored with a hint of black spots on their mass, and they are very slim as well.


National Bird

The national bird of Panama is the Harpy Eagle, and it is also displayed on the Panamanian national emblem. It is considered to be an enormous and potent bird mostly found in rainforests. Its front plumage is black, and the underside is usually white. Its stomach is covered with white, and the head is entirely grey. The front of its tail is colored as black with three grey stripes, and from the underneath, it is also black. However, the three stripes on the underside are white.


National Fruit

The most widely grown fruit in Panama is the Rambutan (Mamon Chino) which is correlated with lychee. This fruit grows in between August and September. Another fruit that flourishes in Panama is the Narajilla or ‘the little orange.’ It has a hint of acid in its juice or extract. It is grown virtually all around the year.

Last but not least, the Guanabana is another fruit grown in Panama, and it is known to have magical properties. It is grown amidst June and August. It has a combination of bitterness and sweetness to its taste. It has the potency to treat fatal diseases like a tumor.


National Dish

The Panamanian national cuisine is the Sancocho. It is a soup cooked using both the chicken and vegetables as its prime ingredients. It also amalgamates other vegetables like potatoes, corn, yuca, plantains, and meat.


National Sweet

The widely consumed Panamanian dessert is the Tres Leches cake. It is sponge cake drenched in either evaporated, condensed milk, or heavy cream to add delight to it. It is often served with a coating of butter on it, but that makes it too heavy. Else it is a very light and scrumptious dessert.


National Drink

The Panamanian national drink is the Seco. It is highly alcoholic and makes one instantly inebriated. It is generated from sugarcane and is widely consumed in villages where it is combined with milk. However, the highest-ranked Panamanian drink is beer, which also is highly intoxicating.


National Holidays

A hint of a few national holidays is as followed in the chronological sequence; New Year’s Day (January 01), Martyr’s Day (January 09), Carnival Monday (March 04), Mardi Gras (March 05), Ash Wednesday (March 06), Holiday Friday (April 19), Labor Day (May 01), Presidential Inauguration Day (July 01), Separation Day (November 03), Flag Day (November 04), Colon Day (November 05), Los Santos Uprising Day (November 10), Los Santos Uprising Day Holiday (November 11), Independence Day (November 28), Panama Mother’s Day (December 08), and the Christmas Day (December 25).


National Income

The Gross Income of Panama is reckoned to be around 89.7 billion PPP dollars. Panama has escalated, in terms of prosperity, modernization, and technological advancement, ever since the inception of the Panama Canal, which was established in 2000. The country is relentlessly developing and becoming competent; however, despite that, it still lags behind the other countries that have lesser figures of poverty. Although the Panamanian economy is running smooth, the country is still unable to diminish the poverty that is scattered all around Panama for over the years now. The prime and the most highlighted exports that Panama makes are bananas, shrimp, coffee, sugar, and clothing. The revenue generated from the Panama Canal was inflated by 8.5% in 2018, which shows that the economic condition of Panama is improving. The revenue of Panama was estimated to be 2513.2 million dollars in 2018, which was 8.5% more than the former year.


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