Palau attained the status of being an independent and a sovereign country on October 1, 1994 when the Palauan government promulgated this day as a public holiday. This is of one of the widely commemorated holidays among all the other national holidays that arrive annually in Palau. The Palauan residents euphorically and ecstatically celebrate the events of this day that include the formulation of delightful customary cuisines, in every abode, and public and joint discussions which are held at a fixed venue often referred to as a drinking party where the Palauan federals and significant, either political or other, personalities exchange views about the contemporary affairs of the state. Palau originally signed a treaty with the USA that is credited for revamping and developing infrastructure, introducing technology and bringing a diverse and more advanced educational system in the Palauan isle. Consequently Palau was adequately improved and could now run its economy in a smoother way so it came into an amicable compact with the USA which in turn proclaimed the Palau as an independent district.
The national anthem of Palau is the ‘Belau Rekid’. It was chosen and embraced as the official anthem in 1980. The music of this anthem was devised by Ymesel O. Ezekiel and the lyrics were written by a number of authors; Riosang Salvador, Kebekol Alfonso, Hermana Umetaro, Demei Otobed, and Sister Liling.
Palau National Anthem Video And Download Link:
Palau National Anthem Audio And Download Link:
The national flag of Palau was officially embraced on January 1, 1981; when the Palauan isle was endorsed as an independent district by the United Nations Trust Territory. Until the independence Palau had no separate flag or a provincial identity. Before 1981, Palau was recognized as a mere part of the United Nations and was recognized by their national flag. The contemporary national flag of Palau comprises of a blue rectangular belt with a yellow circular object placed in a disproportionate position (to the left) of the belt. This flag is divided in the following ratio; 5:8. The blue color in the flag symbolizes fathomless attributes that are portrayed in guise of the Palauan flag. The blue color embodies the oceans of the Palauan isle and its emancipation from the foreign dominion. It is reported that the disc-like object found in the Palauan flag is as that of the national flag of Japan and it is also similar to the Bangladeshi flag whose disc is also located at the hoist of the belt just like the Palauan flag. The circular object in the Palauan flag is symbolized as a moon which personifies serenity, love and peace. The full moon, displayed in the belt in form of a circular object, also embodies the widely believed conviction of the Palauan people who believe that the full moon is auspicious and brings prosperity. The flag’s design was produced by Blau J. Skebong.
The national emblem of Palau is the blue rectangular field which is also depicted in the national flag of Palau to symbolize the harmonious water bodies of Palau as well as it holds historical significance of Palau that emerged successful in its efforts to achieve freedom from the foreign dominion. The disc located at the hoist of the blue belt symbolizes a full moon which is a great sign according to the Palauan belief and it is thought to bring success, prosperity and optimism. These emblems are declared national ever since the inception of the Palauan flag which was proclaimed official on January 1981.
Capital of Palau
The capital city of Palau is the Ngerulmud which is situated in the region of Melekok on Babeldaob, a tremendous isle located in Palau. It is situated, precisely and accurately, 12 miles to the northeastern side of the Koror City and just 1 mile to the northwestern nook of the Melekok City. It was chosen as the capital of Palau in 2006, in place of its former capital city known as Koror City. The Koror City is the hugest city among all other Palauan ones. All the formal meetings and events are hosted in the current capital, Ngerulmud, of Palau. The inauguration of the 45th Pacific Islands Forums was also arranged in Ngerulmud and the 16th Micronesian President’s Summit was also held in the contemporary capital city of Palau. Some of the famous buildings situated in Ngerulmud are the Executive building, Judiciary building and the Olbiil Era Kelulau building.
The official and widely exchanged Palauan currency is the United States Dollar. One US dollar is equivalent to 100 cents. The US dollar is typically used by the territorial districts of the US and even besides that this currency is largely utilized especially in international dealings. The countries like Palau which lack sources to devise their own currencies usually opt out for the United States Dollar.
The national colors of Palau are the same as those found in the national Palauan flag. The prime official colors are blue and yellow. The blue color represents the water bodies of the Palauan isle and it is the embodiment of freedom and emancipation that it attained from the foreign dominion, in 1981. The yellow color represents the full moon which is considered auspicious and optimum by the Palauan people.
The solely famous poet or the literary artist in Palau is Hermana Ramarui. She is reported to have come from Belau (Palau) in Micronesia. ‘The Palauan Perspectives’ is a textual form of art devised by Hermana. She received her educational degree (BA) from the University of Guam. Since the beginning and after she started working in Palau’s Ministry of Education she was deeply associated with and embroiled in Palauan theories. She served as a pedagogue in Palau’s Ministry and lectured subjects like English, Palauan and government. Ramarui is owed a credit for indulging herself into an effort to safeguard the Palauan language and the sanctity of its cultural values. She also produced the Palauan Cultural Profile Curriculum and the Panama Orthography, both of which are effectively utilized in the schools now. Contemporarily she works on producing reading and coloring books for children as now she is a superannuated teacher.
The national and official airline of Palau is the Palau Pacific Airways. It was established back in November 2014. It first embarked its operations and flights on November 11, 2014. However, four years later, in 2018, it terminated its operations. Its activity center was the Roman Tmetuchi International Airport. The prime country, Hong Kong and Koror district, were chosen to embark the flights between. Later in 2018 the Chinese officials repudiated the continuation of Palau Pacific Airways on an account that Palau had a treaty of cooperation with Taiwan, and its residents (Chinese) who were a source of income for this airline also disapproved of it and the Chinese tourists opted out for other airlines. Thus this airline ceased to exist ever since.
The national museum of Palau is known as the ‘Belau (former name for Palau) National Museum’. This museum is situated in Koror, Palau. The Koror City is the former capital of Palau and is a tremendous city encompassing 70% of the Palauan population. This museum was founded back in 1955. It is one of the earliest museums in Micronesia. Its former location was within the Japanese Administration Weather Bureau premises. However later it was moved to a new establishment which was capitalized by the Government of the Republic of China. This museum holds the historical collections of Palau; their living styles, photography, sculptural art etc.
The Palau Public Library is situated in the Koror City, Palau. This library contains and comprises of a wide range of Palauan books that are estimated to be over 11,000. This library focuses primarily on its significant collection of Micronesia-Pacific. The Palau Public Library is a key to knowledge and learning. It offers to its visitors unlimited sources via which they can derive the most important historical information concerned with the former Palau (Belau).This library is a predominant spot to attain enlightenment of the unknown events that took place in Palau decades ago. In addition to that this library was established to ensure the literacy of Palauan people. This library not only contains the historical Palauan books but also the fragments fiction/non-fiction and children’s books for which a separate section is maintained. This library was established back in 1981 on 18 August.
The national stadium of Palau is referred to as the Palau National Stadium (PCC Track & Field Stadium). It serves as a ground for multiple sports events and matches to be held at. It is situated in the largest city and former capital of Palau which is the Koror City. Mostly, this ground is utilized for hosting and organizing football matches. It has a volume of 4000 and in addition to that it is a government-owned stadium. This ground also serves as a venue for the Soccer competitions. The teams that practice, either football or soccer, in this stadium are mentioned in the following sequence; Palau National Football Team, Palau Soccer League and the Belau Games.
Some of the widely exercised sports in Palau are as follow; Football, which is ranked as the top most, practiced Palauan sport, volleyball, basketball, softball, which is usually played at the beaches or Palauan isles, and at last is the track and field. The Palauan schools have also advanced a step to improve the vigor and stamina of the youthful students by introducing various sports, both indoor and outdoor, to encourage the students to participate equally and actively in each sport. These schools strive to produce potential athletes who they can boast over and brag about. After all, these young teenagers are to replace the former and retired Palauan athletes. However, a survey conducted in Palau affirmed that baseball is the most famous game liked by the teens. This sport was originally originated from the Japanese culture in 1920’s. In addition to that, the national baseball team of Paula made it to the finals and even obtained gold medals in the prizewinning competitions held in 1990, 1998 and 2010 and also in 2007 Pacific Games.
There is no national or official mountain in Palau, however, the highest Palauan Mountains are mentioned in the following sequence; Saddle Mountain is considered as the tallest and a widely known mountain in Palau. It has an elevation of 3295 meters. Mount Ngerchelchuus is another summit situated in Palau at the borderline of the regions of Ngardmau and Ngaremlengui, on an isle of Babledoab. This mountain is 242 meters or 794 feet above the sea level. Etiruir or Ruisuarumosogu Mountain is situated in the district of Ngeremlengui, Palau. The height of this mountain is 213 meters above the ground. Mount Tsunsu is a hummock situated in Airai, Palau. It has an estimated elevation of 106 meters. Another mound situated on Airai, Palau is named as Tunt. It has an approximate height of virtually 145 meters.
Although these parks that are situated nearby the Palauan isle are not widely known or frequently visited, however, there are still five parks that can be considered as a picnic spot or to enjoy a quality time at on a pleasant day. The one park that is ranked at the top is the Ngardok Nature Reserve Park in Palau. Followed by it is the Long Island Park which is located in the capital city of Palau, Koror. Palau Customs HQ is another rarely visited park also established in Koror, Palau. Subsequently, Peleliu Peace Memorial Park is the fourth park based in Peleliu, Palau. Lastly, Bethlehem Park is one of the fives parks present in Koror, Palau.
It is reported that 87.0% or virtually an area of 40000 hectares of Palau is encompassed by the dense and compact forests. Amidst 1990 and 2010, forests which covered an approximate area of 100 hectares were obliterated, however, later in the same years it regained forests covering a land of around 2000 hectares. These forests render homeland and a habitat to unlimited birds, mammals and reptiles etc. However because of the forest eradication which is practiced primarily for the development of infrastructure around 4.9% species are endangered.
The Breadfruit Tree, also referred to as the Artocarpus altilis, is a bloomy tree on which fruits are sprouted. This tree is easily available anywhere in Palau and in the nearby isles. At the most, this tree has the tendency to generate over 200 fruits on a seasonal basis. One characteristic that distinguishes this fruit from any other ones is that it does not have to reach to any particular stage to make itself eligible enough to be eaten. It can be eaten at any developmental stage. The Palauan residents have special reverence for this tree on an account of it being a spiritual tree. This fruit, in terms of its size, is similar to a grapefruit. Followed by it is another Palauan tree ‘The Giant Tree Fern’ or ‘Cyathea Spp’. However, this tree is not only indigenous to Palau but it also flourishes in many other areas. It is like a fern which has the ability to develop up to the height of a tree. These ferns have the tendency to reproduce on their own and they do not need any seeds to be sown under the ground on which they have to grow, in order to thrive. They can be classified as a natural and non-manmade ferns. Upon sowing a leaf under the ground a new fern will protrude out of it.
The national bird of Palau is the Palau fruit dove and is also known to be indigenous in Palau. It is widely known by the name mentioned in the parentheses (Ptilinopus Pelewensis). This bird is a species or offspring of P.pelewensis and belongs to the class of ‘Aves’. The Palau dove has a length of around 23-25 centimeters and its weight is reported to be 93 grams. The head, neck and breast of this bird are entirely grey and it has purple plumage on the top of its head. The pinion of this bird is olive green. It has a wide and broad band on the underside of its lower breast and stomach. Its hindmost part and back of the body is also olive green. The young birds look exactly the same as the adults; however, they don’t have the purple cap during their youth. Both male and female birds are undistinguishable.
The widely scattered Palauan fruit is the breadfruit which is originally a blooming tree. It is believed to have spiritual characteristics. This fruit has a specialty that it can be consumed at any developmental stage. It does not have to reach to a specific stage in order to be eaten. At each one of its stages it is ready to be consumed. And there is also a diverse variety of other tropical fruits that flourish in Palau.
The national flower of Palau is known to be ‘plumeria’ which has a delightful and a relentlessly pleasing scent. These flowers release and emit most of their fragrance at night and although these flowers render to the insects and moths an illusion which is its nectar, however, these flowers have no tendency to develop any nectar and are innately produced without the characteristic of having it.
Most of the popular cuisines of Palau consist of coconut as their predominant ingredient. The Palauan dishes are inspired by and originated from the culture of Japan, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, and the United States. The isle of Palau mainly specializes in the production of seafood cuisines. Staples are made using the root vegetables, such as pandan and taro. Another fundamental ingredient that adds delight to staples is either a pumpkin or yams. Coconut as mentioned earlier is the main ingredient to cook stews, soups, or any seafood cuisine.
The most popular dessert of Palau is the ‘Seboseb’. It is a customary Palauan dessert that is characterized by or associated with a sticky jelly. It is commonly served at weddings, festivals and other joyous occasions. The prime ingredients out of which this delightful dessert is generated are as follow; corn, starch, sugar, milk and water.
The highly recommended Palauan beverage is the Red Rooster Beer. This drink is formulated by Palau Brewing Company which is situated in Koror, Palau. This drink has a blend of both Caramel and Munich which helps produce a toffee-like taste which is simply delightful. It contains 5.75% alcoholic element which can slightly inebriate the consumer.
A hint of a few Palauan holidays, all of which are proclaimed as public holidays, are mentioned in a chronological order, in the following parenthesis ; New Year’s Day (January 1), Youth Day (March 15), Senior Citizen’s Day Holiday (May 04), Senior Citizen’s Day (May 05), President’s Day (June 01), Constitution Day (July 09), Labor Day (September 03), Independence Day (October 01), United Nations Day (October 24), Thanksgiving Day (November 22), Family Day (November 23), and Christmas Day (December 25).
The Gross National Income of Palau is approximately 303.1 million PPP dollars. The three sectors that contribute to the Palauan economy are as follow; agricultural sector renders to the Palauan Gross National Income 3 %, industrial sector contributes 19% to the economy of Paula and tertiary sector augments the Gross National Income by 78%. Most of the Palauan income is derived and generated from the tourism. The tertiary sector which contributes greatly to the Palauan economy prevails over the agricultural and the industrial sector. The residents of Palau are highly dependent on resources like agriculture, subsistence farming and fishing, to afford their living. The Palau has been relying primarily on foreign aid, from the United States, to meet its expenditures. In spite of that, Palau has below 10% of poverty figures and the Palauan isle has been advancing in both the aspects of technology and other advancements over the years. Its economy has become competitive as its Gross National Product inflated to $287.4 million and it offers to its residents sufficiently good factors, in terms of living. It has one of the highest figures of students vigorously aembroiling themselves in learning and attaining knowledge. It is reported that over 99.5 percent of the Palauan population is school going. Thus, the aim of the educational systems is categorically fulfilled as Palau has less than 1 percent of the illiteracy rate.