Norway is a country situated in Europe that celebrates its national day on 17th May.
Every country has a constitution day but not a lot of them celebrate it like Norway celebrates 17th May. Every year, people dress up and get out on the streets to show their patriotism. People of every ages are dressed up and party to show their national pride. Even though this day is celebrated so enthusiastically, there is yet no show off of military powers or forces. Politicians keep quite on this day and people are free to express their feelings for their country. The Norway’s Constitution day is all about children.
It is often hard for a lot of new comer’s to understand the tradition of National day of Norway and it does require some background knowledge to fully understand it. Children of the country come out to March with flags in their hands and bands playing. There are a lot of things to eat on the street that day like hot dog, ice cream and etc. All of the buildings in towns are decorated with the National flag and people are dressed up in flag colours as well. Highschool students are in their uniforms celebrating the end of their school year and music can be heard in every corner of every town in this country.
Lack of military on this day is one of the biggest things that are different from other countries national days. While other countries are watching the military parade with band on their national day, the Norwegian kids are the hotline on 17th May.
In 1814, Norway became an independent state and was constituted as an independent state in Eidsvoll. Even after the independence, Norway was still under the rule of Sweden and it believed that the celebration of this day was against the honour of Sweden and the royal family. In years, several people tried celebrating this day and finally king Carl Johan forbade the celebration of 17th May. After this act, the battle of square occurred in 1829 when a lot of enthusiastic Norwegians gathered in square of Christian. They only had one mission, to lift this ban and actually be independent. Swedish authorities tried to stop this but it only got worse.
Henrik Wergeland was one of the prominent people in this act and over time, he encouraged everyone to make this a day for children instead of army. After the death of King Cal Johas, Oscar I took his place and lifted the ban in 1844.
Over time, the parades became better and in 1860, first parade for kids was arranged. Only boys could participate in this parade and until 1899, girls couldn’t join. From 1899 onwards, both genders have been participating in this parade and showing their patriotism.
The day only used to focus on the Norwegian day but after 1905, they started considering the royal family in their celebrations. This celebration stopped in world war 2 due to the occupation of Germans.
There have been always conflicts on this day too. Even though the day is celebrated with so much joy, a lot of immigrants wanted to display their flag on this day too. But, it was banned strictly to wave any flag on this day in any March. In 2007, the Sami flag was allowed to be waved in the public on this day.
This day is not only celebrated in Norway but in Sweden, and other countries too. 17 May is the day of Pride of the country and they show this pride wherever they are by wearing their national dress and waving their flags.
The national anthem of Norway was written by Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson who won a nobel prize in literature. It was written in between 1859 and 1868 and the melody was composed by his cousin in 1864. It was first performed publicly in 1864 on Syttende Mai during the 50th celebration of constitution of Norway.
Even though it has been used as a national anthem since a long time, it has never been termed as it. It was but performed as a national anthem in 1905 and in 1905, Mitt a land was called the new national anthem in 2011 and has been performed as it in all the patriotic events. But still, Ja, vi esker has been used a lot and the new anthem has yet not taken the place.
Norway National Anthem Video And Download Link:
Norway National Anthem Audio And Download Link:
The National flag of Norway was made on July 17, 1821 and first waved then. It is composed of three colours red, white and blue. The red background with a blue cross on the top of a white cross. The colours have been influenced by the flag of Britain, US and France and shows liberty and independence.
The cross is actually quite common in all the Scandinavian countries and can be seen on the flags of most of them. Norway adopted their style too and represented the colours in the form of all the Scandinavian countries.
Fredrik Meltzer was a member of parliament who designed this flag. In the 16th century, Norway used the same flag as Denmark as they were seen as one country. When it became an independent state, they then stopped using that flag and made their own.
Every country has a flag that means something to the people living in that region and same is the case of the Norwegian flag. The cross on the flag represents the Christianity which is the main religion of the state. The white and red colours show their history and bond with Denmark that they had for so long. Even after the separation from the state, they still have good relations. The blue cross shows their freindhip and relations with Sweden. They had been supporting each other since a long time. Even the colours symbolize different things independently, when they are all combined, they show liberty and this combination was adopted from the France flag.
The flag is waved at all the patriotic days and it is accompanied by the national anthem playing in the background. It is often followed by a bugle call too which was made up by the Norwegian army which means attention to the flag. When the flag is being lowered, it is followed by rolling it into a cylindrical form so the ceases do not form.
There are certain laws regarding the flag too which dictate that the government facilities need to have a flag and any citizen that wants to have one in their homes. The flag is hoisted among 8:00 and 9:00 and brought down within 21 hours. It is not applicable to the citizens of country and they can lower their flag whenever they want to or not at all. But most of them observe and follow this law of state. It also dictates that the flag cannot be worn on the body from waist down and in no condition is it allowed to come in contact with the ground. During the hoisting of the flag, people are required to stand still and observe it as an act of respect to the flag of the nation.
There are a lot of languages spoken in Norway but Norwegian is the official language of the country and it is written as Nynorsk and Bokmål. Different people from different regions of country have different languages as well but English is still the most spoken foreign language.
The national language of Norway is a North Germanic branch of the Germanic languages. It is almost similar to the Swedish and Danish and 95% residing in the country use their national language. It is the first language or the mother tongue of a large population of people.
Nynorsk was one of the languages voted in the parliament as a national language. It is a national language of four of the counties of the countries but over time, people have stopped using it as a means of communication and now, roughly about 7% people are using this language anymore. About 15% of people are thought this language in school in written form and Høgnorsk is a variety of Nynorsk.
While Nynorsk is a declining language, most people use Bokmål and about 90% population uses this as a means of written language. It has been based on a more conservative standard called as Riksmål and it has been used since the early 1929’s.
People in the Northern region still continue to use the Sami language. Most of the people who used to speak this language have adopted another language as their first language but still, some people use it at homes. There are different forms of Sami too and different people speak this language differently. This language is still protected and recognized in the country even though it was once endangered to extinction.
Kven is a language which is used along with others in the Norway. About 5000 to 8000 people use this as a medium of communication. It is a FFinnic language and it is a lot like Finnish. It is not very famous but still, it is being carried on by a large community.
Capital of Nation
The capital and the biggest city of Norway is Oslo. It was also called as Kristinia. The city was destroyed by fire in 1624 and rebuilt in the farther west. This town was called as Christinia. The population started rising when the other towns and cities around it started getting absorbed and the city replaced its vitals.
The city was later renamed in 1925 and rapid development started taking place after the second world war. After 1948, the city started incorporating with other cities and towns around. The people then from different towns started getting in Oslo and the area expanded. In 2011, on 22nd July, there was a bomb attack in the middle of the city which destroyed a lot of government building and harmed the Minister’s office as well. 8 people were killed in this accident and a lot were injured.
Oslo is the centre of attraction and there are all kinds of trades, banks and shipments taking place in here. It is also the busiest and the biggest city of the country. Oslo is also a major junction for all the roads, rails and airports in the country and all kinds of industries are here which work mainly for the consumer goods.
There are several theatres in the city including the national theatre of country. A lot of famous museums and other historic places are also found in this city. There are also modern sculptors and this city is the best mix of the ancient and modern art.
There were several other cities which were pronounced as the capital of the country before the Oslo took its place and due to its importance in different things, the country took the decision of making it the capital. It was declared in 1814 and since then, it has been the capital of the country.
The national currency of Norway is Norwegian krone and it is also used in all the Norway occupied territories. It has the sign of kr and the code of NOK. The name of the currency originally translates to “crown”. In April 2010, the Krone was declared to be the 13th most exchanged currency in the world. And the ranking has dropped three ranks since 2007.
This currency was introduced in 1875 and it replaced the Norwegian speciedaler. The value of the Krone was originally, 1 speciedaler would be equal to 4 Krones. Scandinavian Monetary Union was achieved by the country by this act and after it dissolved in 1913, all the countries in this have had their separate currencies. In 1928, the Norway did not use the normal currency conversion laws in world and except, used the gold as a standard for their currency. They held 1 kilogram of gold = 2,480 kroner but it was soon dissolved in 1931 and there was a permanent ban on it. Since then, they have used the British pound as a standard and 19.9 Krone equalled 1 British pound. In 1939, the permanently changed their standard to the US dollar where 4.4 kroner were equalm to 1 US dollar.
Unlike other countries, the currency of the Norway loses and gains its value every single year and this rate varies along with the different ups and downs in the stock market and the prices of oil. In 2002, the Norway was considered third largest exporter of oil and that was when the rates of Norwegian currency were pretty good. There have been ups and downs in the US dollar and the Norwegian Kroner and at this point, since 2016, one US dollar is equal to 8.5 NOK.
Bunad is the national dress of the Norwegian people. Even though it is more famous among the females, you can still find them for males as well. These are worn by the nationals on almost all the national or patriotic days.
This national dress is very traditional and is made up of wool. It is meant to be tight-fitting and it is decorated with belts, blades and jewellery.
They are all different for different areas of Norway and they are made specially for the places where people are residing. Even though they are their national dress, people still wear the normal pant shirts on regular days and these dresses are only used now more like costumes.
The traditional folk costume is actually hundreds of years old but the modern Bunad being worn by people is actually an invention of the 20th century. Hulda Garborg is also sometimes regarded to as the mother of Bunad since she was the one who came up with this idea for the dress. Klara Semb was a philosopher, writer, singer and lyricist and she started exploring the country. She saw different traditions and people around the country and it was also the time in 1900 when people were leaving the country. She started to note down all the main traditions of the country and was very focused on making a national dress which would represent the culture of the country. She first presented the dress in the late 1950 and that is the Bunad that people wear these days. It has been made up with true spirit and represents the original culture and traditions of the country.
People are supposed to wear the Bunads from their specific region where they belong to. This eliminates the need to explain someone where you are from and represents people from different regions all around the country. People are supposed to wear clean and well kept Bunads whenever they are wearing them to compliment the country. Since it is a patriotic act, one should show total honour towards the dress and keep it well.
The different kinds of jewellery, the colour and material used in the Bunad represents different things specifically about the country. Their local traditions and their thinking is reflected through each piece put on their dress and the colours that are included in their dresses.
Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson was a poet born in 1832 in Norway and is considered as the four great writers of Norway. He also wrote the national anthem of the country and along with that, wrote many stories to guide people to the light. He won a noble prize in literature in 1903 and at that time, he was also in the committee of the noble prize.
Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson was not only outspoken in his writings, but in public too. He talked boldly about the current topics and on the politics. He promoted the Norwegian language a lot and served it his whole life. There was also a time where the people started talking about adopting a new language which was not related to Dannish as a national language. That was when he started learning and practicing the New Norse language but after writing one unsuccessful story in that language, he dropped the efforts.
Since the beginning, he kept mentioning the farmers in his peasent stories to create a positive image of them and increase the patriotism. But later in his career, he changed his this position too and a lot of people believe it was because he got in a fight with a farmer. One of his views on the politics made him suspicious and it was when he flew to Germany and left the native Norway. He continued literature there and after a few years, he returned to his country and mainly focused on literature then instead of getting into any drama anymore.
He died in 1910 and was buried with full honour. His work is still read by the whole Norway in abandon and also in the whole world. Some of his best and most significant writings took place after his return from Germany.
The national airline of Norway is Scandinavian Airlines.
National museum of Norway is also regarded to as National gallery. It closed in January of 2019 to relocate.
National library of Norway is also regarded to as “national library of Norway”. It was established in early 1989 with a primary focus to preserve the past for the future. It is located in Oslo and was replaced once in 2005.
The national sport of Norway is Cross-country skiing. It is mostly practiced in the capital of Norway, Oslo but also in the whole country.
The longest, biggest river of Norway is Glåma. It is of great importance to the whole country.
There are a lot of different national parks situated in Norway in different places. The total count of them is about 47.
Purple heather is the national flower of the Norway.
Moose is the national animal of the country. It is also known as the Elk.
Fårikål is the national dish which is enjoyed throughout the country.
- Constitution Day
- Labor day
- New year’s eve
- Maundy Thursday
- Good Friday
- Whit Monday
- Ascension Day
- Easter Monday
- Father’s day
- Christmas day
- Christmas eve
- St. Stephen’s day
National Income in Norway diminished to 870240 NOK Million in the second quarter of 2019 from 907600 NOK Million in the primary quarter of 2019. Net National Product in Norway found the middle value of 386215.33 NOK Million from 1978 until 2019, arriving at an unequalled high of 930228 NOK Million in the final quarter of 2018. It recorded a low of 55200 NOK Million in the principal quarter of 1978.