The national day of Nepal was officially proclaimed on May 29, 2008. This day holds special historical significance as it embodies the inauguration of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. The inception of this day marked the end of the civic strikes that had been carried for a long time. This day was declared a public holiday until 2018 when it was cancelled. However, Province 5 of Nepal still has it as a public holiday to date. On this day all the Nepali citizens unite together and wage the essential rituals and all these ceremonies are held in the national capital of Nepal, Kathmandu, at the Sainik Manch in Tudikhel.
There are two official national anthems of Nepal; Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka and Rastriya Gaan. This anthem, Sayaun Thunga Phool, was embraced as a national one on August 3, 2006. The lyrics of this anthem were composed by Pradeep Kumar Rai. The former national anthem of Nepal was Rastriya Gaan which was officially promulgated in 1962 after the termination of monarchal system. Its music was the composition of Bakhat Bahadur Budhapirtthi in 1899. However the lyrics were written by Chakrapani Chalise in 1924. Therefore, the present national anthem of Nepal is Sayaun Thunga Phool.
Nepal National Anthem Audio And Download Link:
Nepal National Anthem Audio And Download Link:
The national flag of Nepal bears two prominent colors; red and white with a blue borderline. This flag consists of two unequal triangles overlaying on one another. Both of these triangles have an indefinite shape and are colored as red. In the midst of the upper triangle is a horizontal half-shaped moon above which a rising sun is depicted. And the lower triangle depicts a twelve-edged sun. The national flag of Nepal was officially set firm to sway on December 16, 1962. It is world’s solely national flag that does not have a quadrilateral as in its shape. It is considered as both the state and civic flag. The red and blue colors in the flag are the embodiment of bravery and peace. Also the former flag of Nepal had human faces; however, they were omitted after the flag was revamped.
The current national emblem of Nepal was endorsed on May 28, 2008. In addition to that, it comprises of the national flag of Nepal, Mount Everest, green hills which personify the hilly districts of Nepal. The yellow color found in the national emblem of Nepal embodies the fertility of Terai region. In this particular symbol, the fraternity of both male and female is shown in terms of equality based on gender and also this contains within it a series of Rhododendron which is the national flower of Nepal. This symbol was adopted after the Nepalese civil war.
Capital of Nation
The national capital of Nepal is Kathmandu. It is considered a tremendous city of Nepal. Nepal has several ethnic groups and is not just confined to Nepali population. However, the national language is Nepali. Kathmandu is situated in the World Heritage Site Kathmandu Valley. A survey conducted confirmed that Kathmandu has an estimated population of 3 million. Nepali is widely spoken in this city and it encompasses an area of 51 kilometers square. This city was established in 1931. Kathmandu is also named as City of Temples and it has an approximate height of 4600 feet. Kathmandu is a source through which most of Nepal’s economy is boosted and is currently prospering.
The official currency of Nepal is the Nepalese Rupee. The production of this currency is under the control and supervision of Nepal Rastra Bank which is the central bank of Nepal. The Nepalese currency was inaugurated in 1932 and it replaced the former silver mohar (rate 2:1). This currency is fragmented or disintegrated into paisa and is available in both coined and banknote form. One Nepali rupee is worth 100 paisa.
The official and conventional attire of Nepalese men is Daura-Suruwal. On the other hand, the female national attire of Nepal is the Gunyou Cholo. There was an addition of a coat to the traditional attire of men by Jang Bahadur Rana who had been the former prime minister of Nepal in 19th century. Dhaki Topi is also a part of men’s attire. However, the national female attire was declared unofficial by Baburam Bhattarai’s in 2011.
The officially declared national color of Nepal is crimson, also known as, Simirik in the Nepali dialect. This color holds a special position in aspects of Nepali culture. It is also known to be a fortunate and an auspicious color. The dark shade of red is also one of the national colors of Nepal and it symbolizes success and good luck.
The national poet of Nepal is Madhav Prasad Ghimire who was born on September 23, 1919 and is currently aged100. Most of his work embody romantic genre. Some of his masterpieces are Gauri, Malati Mangale, himal Pari Himal Wari, Aswathama, Rajeshwari and Shakuntala. He was given special status and name, Rashtra Kavi, which he is widely known for in Nepal. He is occupationally and professionally known for being a poet and scholar. His first work was published when he was 14, in Gorkhapatra. His work was known as Gyanpuspa. Later, he worked in place of a co-editor. His 100th birthday was joyfully commemorated all around Nepal.
The national airline of Nepal is the Nepal Airlines Corporation which was formerly named as Royal Nepal Airlines. It also bears the national flag which is embossed on it. This airline was inaugurated in 1958 and is the oldest airline of Nepal. The domestic operations of this airline are conducted inside Nepal while the medium-haul ones are operated in Asia. Its headquarters are based in Kathmandu, Nepal. This airline has an estimated number of 1400 employees.
The national museum is based in Charaunii, Kathmandu, the capital city of Nepal. It is one of the tempting tourist nooks. It is considered as one of the most tremendous museum in Nepal. This museum enables the residents of Nepal to reminisce the events of the battles that took place in Nepal centuries ago. The foremost enthralling aspect of this museum is its historical paintings and sculptural work. It also renders to its visitors a showcase of the weapons used during the battles fought in Nepal. This museum consists of three internal buildings which stand in accordance to their role and importance. This museum comprises of a diverse range of divergent species of ants, animals, plants and butterflies. This museum was founded in 2014.
The national library of Nepal is the Nepal National Library which was established around 62 years ago on January 2, 1957. It is situated in Hariharbhawan, Lalitpur, Nepal. This library consists of the personally procured collection of Rajguru Hem Raj Pandey who was a personal advisor of King Mahendra of Nepal. Contemporarily this library has a capacity of 84000 books, journals and other fragments of important collection.
The national stadium of Nepal is the Dasarath Stadium which is situated in Tripureshwar, Kathmandu. This stadium can be used for multiple purposes and is considered to be one of the biggest stadiums in Nepal. The stadium was named in an honor of a great Nepali martyr. A catastrophic earthquake in 2015 wrecked this stadium; however, it was later reconstructed. This stadium was initially constructed in 1956 and was opened in 1958. The design of this stadium is credited to Nepal Professional Architectures. This ground of this stadium is primarily utilized for holding football matches and other entertainment or traditions ceremonies. This stadium has a volume of 15,992 and it is a government-owned stadium.
The national game of Nepal is known to be Volleyball. The former national game of Nepal was Dandi Biyo, however, it was never proclaimed as official. Dandi Biyo was introduced by the rural residents. Later volleyball was endorsed as an official and national game of Nepal on May 13, 2017. Nepal had its first sports event held in 1959.
The national river of Nepal is Gandaki River, also widely known as the Naryani and the Gandak. It is one of the most predominant rivers of Nepal. It holds special significance in history because of its depth and the fathomless gorge going through the Himalayas. It has an approximate length of 630 kilometers. It is located amidst the Kosi system to the east and the Karnali system to the west. Another foremost river of Nepal is the Koshi River which has an estimated length of 45000 kilometers square. Among all the main rivers of Nepal Koshi is the lengthiest one. It covers an area of 33000 square kilometers.
Although Nepal does not have an officially declared national mountain; however, the most famous mountain that is situated in Nepal is the Mount Everest. It is world’s highest summit. Another famous mountain that Nepal renders a homeland to is Manaslu and it has an elevation of 8163 meters or 26781 feet. It is located in the west central part of Nepal.
There are ten national parks in Nepal. The most prominent one Chitwan National park and it is also known as a Jungle park. The area in which this park is located is easily reachable from Kathmandu and Pokhara. All the birds, gharial crocodiles, deer and elephants inhabit this area. However, the most attractive animal found in here is the one-horned rhinoceros. Followed by it is the Bardia National Park which is situated in the isolated western part of Nepal. It renders to its visitors an overlook of what Chitwan used to be like. The third most famous park of Nepal is Shey Phoksundo National Park and it is situated in western areas of Dolpo and Mugu.
The most mesmerizing sight of this park is its aquamarine Phoksundo Lake. Followed by it is the Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve and it is the solely reserve like itself in Nepal. It is situated to the west of the Dhaulagiri Range of the Himalaya. It is a summit with an elevation of 2800-500 meters. Then comes the Makalu Barun National park which is basically an extension leading to the east of the Sagarmatha National Park, the location of the Mount Everest. It is the highest summit in the world with a height of 8463 meters. Followed by it is the Sagarmatha National Park where the Mount Everest rests. Mount Everest is called Sagarmatha in Nepali dialect. Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is the eight largest park of Nepal and it is situated in the floodplain of Sapta Koshi River.
It is a habitat of copious birds ranging over 485. Then comes the Langtang National Park which is situated to the north-eastern part of Kathmandu. This park was greatly wrecked during the earthquake that hit it in 2015. At last, comes the Rara National Park which is situated in western Nepal. The prime temptation for its visitors is its Rara Lake with an area cover of 2990 meters. It is one of the huge lakes in Nepal at the moment.
The national tree of Nepal is known to be the Sacred FIG, Bodhi tree, Pippala tree, Peepul tree and Ashwattha tree. These all are respectively the national trees thriving in Nepal.
The national flower of Nepal is beautifully alluring and tempts thousands of tourists to have a glimpse of it. It is known as Rhododendrons. The name of this flower is extracted using the Greek terminology in which ‘rhodes’ means a rose and ‘dendron’ means a tree. The species of this flower include bushes as well as trees that have the tendency to grow up to 30 meters.
The official national animal of Nepal is Cow and it is considered to be a holy animal according to the ideology of Hindus. Some other eligible members of the parliament also proposed the one horned rhino as the national animal of Nepal; however, it had always persisted to remain unofficial.
The national bird of Nepal is Lophophorus impejanus and it also referred to as Impeyan pheasant. In the Nepali dialect it is known as the ‘danphe’ and in the Indian context it is known as the monal. This bird is vibrantly colored from head to tail.
The national dish of Nepal ‘Dal-bhat-tarkari’ is consumed widely all around the country. Dal has a consistency like soup made up of lentils and spices and is served as a topping on boiled grain, bhat or rice. But it is often served with vegetable curry known as tarkari.
The widely obsessive and scrumptious desserts of Nepal are Mithais or Guliyo. What adds delight and taste to these desserts is the sugar syrup in which these deep-fried circular balls of flour are dipped.
The most popular Nepalese drink is Raksi and it pours out instant and intense intoxication while we gulp it down our throats. This drink is originated from components like rice, millet or fruits. It is one of the most economical and cheap drinks produced in Nepal. Ceremonial celebrations are incomplete without the availability of Raksi.
The national holidays of Nepal arrive annually every year as public holidays. Some of the national or public holidays in Nepal are Prithvi Jayanti (January 11), Maghe Sankranti (January 15), Sonam Losar (Febuary 05), Nepal National Mourning Day (Febuary 28), Maha Shivaratri (March 04), Nari Dibas (March 08), Fagu Purnima (March 20-21), Ghode Jatra (April 05), Nepali New Year (April 14), Janaki Nawami (May 13), Buddha Jayanti (May 18), Ramjan Edul Fikra (June 05), Bhoto Jatra (June 09), Edul Aajha (August 12), Gaijatra (August 16), Haritalika Teej (September 01), Gaura Festival (September 06), Nijamati Sewa Diwas (September 08), Indra Jatra (September 12), Nepali Constitution Day (September 20), Phulpati (October 05), Maha Ashtami (October 06), Maha Navami (October 07), Vijay Dashami (October 08), Laxmi Puja (October 27), Gobardhan Puja (October 28), Bhai Tika (October 29), Chaath Puja (November 02), Guru Nanak’s Birthday (November 12), Udhauli Parva (December 12), and Christmas Day (December 25).
The national income of Nepal was estimated to be 70.43 billion PPP dollars, in 2017. The Gross Domestic Product was evaluated to be 28.812 billion USD in 2018. An economical survey conducted in Nepal confirmed that the country’s GDP augmented by 6.747% in July 2018. The generic income of Nepal is generated and derived primarily from tourism and aid from other counties. However, Nepal is still counted amongst one of the poorest countries in the world. Nepal is heavily dependent on agriculture as it is its main source of income. Nepal has the least urban development and it also lags in aspects of modernization and technological development. Around 80% of its population survive and suffer in rural-based areas. It is also reported that Nepal is so under-developed that one third of its population suffer in acute poverty that is considered below the poverty line.