The National day of Laos is celebrated on December 2nd. It is celebrated in remembrance of the day the monarchy was abolished. The King and Queen were forced to abdicate the throne, and Prince Thao was made the president. On this occasion, a rally is formed at sunrise, and all country gathers to acknowledge and glorify this day. Flags are flown in whole to celebrate the day of 1975 when proletariat threw away monarchy. The celebration is mandatory all over the country on this day.
The national anthem of Laos in “Pheng Sat Lao.” Dr. Thongdy Sounthonevichit wrote the music and lyrics in 1941. It was made the national anthem of Laos in 1945. These lyrics were revised in 1975 by Pathet Lao after the civil war of Laotian. New lyrics were written and composed by Sisana Sisane.
Laos National Anthem Video and Download Link:
Laos National Anthem Video and Download Link:
The national flag of Laos was officially adopted on 2nd, December 1975. The flag consists of three strips. The outer two stripes are in red, and the middle stripe is in blue. The middle blue stripe is twice bigger than the upper or lower stripe. The middle blue stripe contains a moon shape, which is to symbolize the moon on Mekong River of Laos. The red colored stripes represent the freedom struggle country has faced for its independence. The blue color stripe symbolizes wealth.
Lao is the official language of Laos. It is also referred to as Laotian. It is the language of ethnic Lao people and a Kra-Dai language. It is also spoken in the northeast area of Thailand and is called Isan there. There are 90 other languages spoken in Lao and Laos is recognized as lingua franca among its citizens. The modern Lao language has a heavy influence of the Thai language, and many terms are adopted from the Thai language. There are several other dialects of Laos’s language spoken in various areas of Laos such as Saek, Phu Thai, and Tai Tham
Capital of Laos
Vientiane is the capital of Laos. It is also the largest city of Laos. It is situated on the bank of Mekong River. It is also located near the border between Laos and Thailand. It was looted and invaded by Thais in 1827. During French rule, it became the administrative capital of the country. The population of this city is 820,000 as of 2015. Vientiane is famous for its many national monuments. Many famous Buddhist temples and icons of Buddhism are found in this city.
The national currency of Lao is Lao Kip. It is the Lao’s currency since 1952. It was introduced in replacement of French Indochinese piastre. Laos bank issued dual notes of kip and piaster in 1953. In 1957, notes were started to issue solely in kip. At first, there were notes of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, and 500 kip printed. However, in 1963, notes of 20, 50, 200, and 5000 were also started to print. Old Pathet Loa were replaced by new Laos kip in 1979. In 1980, coins were issued first time made of aluminum and having state emblems on each coin. However, there are no coins in circulation in Laos after inflation and Soviet collapse in 1991.
The national dress of women in Laos is called Sinh. It is a skirt made out of silk. It consists of three parts. One is the waistband part; other is the body of skir, and third is the lower border. The body of the skirt is usually without any decorations. The lower part of the skirt mostly contains some decoration. Women wear scarves with Sinha that crosses over the body.
Men of Lao wear a traditional costume called as Salong. Salongs are worn over the waist and can be tied in many different ways. The garment of salong is about 4 to 5 meters in length.
Laos Airline is the national airline of Laos. It is situated in Vientiane. It provides domestic and international services to many countries, including China, Thailand, Laos, and Korea. The airline was nationalized in 2000. It was rebranded in 2003 as Lao Airline.
The national museum of Laos is named as Laos National Museum. It is located in Vientiane. It is built in typical French architecture. It was founded to highlight the revolution of the 1970s. It is located in the building of French colonial. The museum highlights the history of the struggle of people of Laos for freedom and sufferings from invasions. It is also known as the Lao Revolutionary Museum. Its artifacts and collections speak volumes about the revolution and struggle of people of Laos for their freedom.
The national library of Laos is National Library of Laos. It is located in Vientiane. It was formed on 1st July 1956. It was moved to independent headquarters in 1988. The manuscripts of collections of the library have also been made available on the internet by Laos’s government. It is built with the mission to preserve the culture and heritage of the country as well as provide space for ample research.
National Stadium of Laos is a multipurpose stadium located in Vientiane. It was made in 2009. It is used mainly for football matches and athletic events and activities. This stadium was also sued to host the opening and closing ceremonies of Southeast Asian Games 2009. When this new stadium was completed, it replaced the old national stadium in 2009. It has a seating capacity of 25,000 people in the main stadium. The indoor aquatic complex has a seating capacity of 2000 people. The tennis court of the stadium has a seating capacity of 2000 people. It also contains six tennis courts, an outdoor pool, and two other indoor stadiums.
The national sport of Laos is Muay Lao. It resembles the Muay Thai of Thailand, Tomio of Malaysia, Pradal Serey of Cambodia and Lethewi of Burma. Another famous national sport of Lao is Sepak Takraw. It is a combination of volleyball and football. Football is also one of the most popular sports in the country.
The Mekong is the world’s twelfth largest river that runs through Laos, China, Myanmar, Cambodia, Vietnam, and Thailand. The resources of the river were managed and divided between these countries in 1996. Laos has an abundance of river networks, and they are a resource of 35% of the water of the Mekong River.
Laos is a country that is 70% covered in the mountains. The highest mountain of Laos is found in a point called Phao Bia. It is 2819 meters in height. Another high mountain of Lao is Phu Xai Lai Leng. It is located at the border with Vietnam and stands at the height of 2720 meters. Phou Somsoum is another high mountain with 2554 meters in height.
Lao zoo was established in 1994. It was formed with the joint effort of people of Lao, Ministry of Defense, and SRK International Company. It was named as Vientiane Lao zoological garden in the start. It was named as Lao Zoo in 2000. Lao Zoo creates a fun activity for people of Lao to come and meet animals of the zoo.
The national flower of Laos is Dok Champa. It is also known as Frangipani. It has a sweet and enriching scent and has a waxy texture. It varies in color and is used as a garland in ceremonies. It is the national symbol of the country as well and can be found all over the country.
Frangipani is the national tree of Laos. Its scientific name is Plumeria.
The national animal of Laos is an Indian Elephant. Many different species of elephants are found in Laos, and that is why it is called as Land of Million Elephants. It is also a symbol of prosperity and strength for people of Laos.
The national bird of Laos is Siamese Fireback. The scientific name of Siamese Fireback is Lophura diardi. Its scientific name is given after a French explorer and naturalist Diard.
The most popular dish of Laos is Larb, also known as Laap. It is a mix of marinated fish or meat and also some herbs and spices. Most cuisines of Laos is adopted from Thai food, though larp is fully and traditionally a Laos dish.
Beerlaos is the most popular drink in Laos. It is made from locally grown Japanese rice.
Boun Ok Phansa is a national holiday celebrated on 13th October. Boat Racing Festival is another national holiday of Laos celebrated on 14th October each year. That Luang Festival is another holiday of Laos celebrated on 11th November each year. 2nd December is the national holiday of Laos celebrated on 2nd December.
Gross Domestic product of Laos is 16.85 billion US dollars as of 2017. The gross national income of Laos is 6650 PPP dollars as of 2017. The economy of Laos is growing rapidly because of decentralizing government and private enterprises since 1986. It is also one of the fastest growing economies of the world.