The National day of Kazakhstan is celebrated on the 16th of December each year. It is the independence day of Kazakhstan. The country got its independence after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. It is a two-day celebration in the country. Kazakhstan was last to announce independence among Soviet Republics.
The national anthem of Kazakhstan is Meniń Qazaqstanym I. It was adopted on January 7, 2006. It is based on a patriotic song written by Jumeken Najimedenov in 1956. It was composed by Shamshi Kaldayakov. This song was written in response to Soviet Virgin lands program in 1956. This new anthem replaced the old anthem of Kazakhstan, which was based on the melody of Kazakh SSR.
Kazakhstan National Anthem Video and Download Link:
Kazakhstan National Anthem Audio and Download Link:
The national flag of Kazakhstan has a blue background with a sun containing 32 rays. Below the sun is a golden steppe eagle. At the hoist side, a national ornamental pattern is displayed. The blue color of the flag represents the religion, culture, and ethnicity of Kazakh people as well as the sky. The sun represents wealth, and the rays of the sun that are in shape of grains represent prosperity. The eagle is the tribal and old traditional symbol of Kazakh people from centuries and represents hope, freedom, and power. It was used after replacing the old flag of Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic in June 4th, 1992.
Kazakh or Kazak is the national language of Kazakhstan. Kazakh is spoken by 64.4% population of Kazakhstan. It is a Turkic language, and the modern form of this language borrows many words from other languages such as Persian, Russian, Mongol, and Chinese. Russian is also the most widely spoken language in Kazakhstan, and almost everyone knows this language. This makes Kazakhstan a bilingual country.
Capital of Kazakhstan
Nur-Sultan is the capital of Kazakhstan. It was made the capital of the country in 1997. It is one the most modern and economically developed city of Central Asia. It was made the capital city after voting in the parliament of Kazakhstan. It was named after then-president of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev. It is located at the northern part of the country near the banks of river Ishim. The population of Kazakhstan as of 2017 is 1,029,556. It is the second largest city of Kazakhstan. It is a planned city, and after becoming capital, its shape was changed. The design of this city was architected by Japanese architect Kisho Kurokawa. It is also the seat of Government of Kazakhstan and many government offices such as Parliament House and Supreme Court.
The national currency of Kazakhstan is Kazakhstani Tenge. It started circulation on November 15, 1993. The name of currency tenge is taken from Turkic silver coins named “Tenga” or “denge” National Bank of Kazakhstan also organized a national competition for a symbol of the currency. A first printing company for bank notes was established in 1995. The first money of the country was coined by “Harrison and Sons,” which is an English company.
Women clothing in Kazakhstan is composed of the shirt like garment called as koylek. It is made by folding a cloth in half. It is sewed from sides of armpit to bottom. The trousers of Kazakhstan girls’ dress are made of long and soft fabric. Kupe is also a traditional piece of clothing made of fox. It is worn by both men and women. The male and female Kupan is differentiated by its embroidery design. Chupan is a loose rope that is also important article of traditional clothing. The traditional clothing material used in Kazakhstan is made of skin, cloth, and fur. Other materials, such as silk and velvet, are also imported but are expensive to buy.
Abai Qunanbaiuly is the national poet of Kazakhstan. He was poet, philosopher, composer as well as a reformer for Europe and Russian culture based on Islam. His poetry mainly contributes to Kazakh culture and nationalism. At that time, Kazakhstan was going through many economic and social reforms that influenced his philosophies and creative thinking. It also influenced many young people of Kazakhstan at that time.
Air Astana is the national airline of Kazakhstan. It is based in the city of Almaty. It operates domestic as well as international flights on 64 routes. It was established in October 2001. It started operating for commercial flights on May 15, 2002.
The national museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan is located in its capital city, Nursultan. The museum was opened in 2nd July 2014. It has a building of 74,000 square meters. The museum conducts various kinds of surveys, research as well as interactive programs. It covers the modern as well as old history and cultural heritage of Kazakhstan. President Musultan Nazarbayev incorporated the museum. It is located in the independence square of the country.
The national library of Kazakhstan is National Library of the Republic of Kazakhstan. It has copied of district journals, books, information magazines, and other public literature printed in the country. It is located in Sate Auditorium in the city of Astana. It was inaugurated on 31 December 1910. It was renamed from State Public Library of Kazakhstan to National Library of Republic of Kazakhstan in 1991.
National Stadium of Kazakhstan is Asta Arena. It is a football stadium located in the city of Nursultan. The stadium has a capacity of 30,000 people. It is also the national stadium for the national football team of Kazakhstan. It is the second largest stadium in the country. It was built at the cost of 185 million US dollars. It was built from 2006 to 2009 and was opened on July 3rd, 2009. FC Astana and Kazakhstan Premier League is also held here. It also hosted the ceremony of Seventh Asia Winter Games held on January 31, 2001.
Football is the most popular sport in Kazakhstan. The country is also famous and successful in boxing championships.
Turgai river located in Turgai valley is one of the major rivers of Kazakhstan. It has an average flow of nine cubic meters per second. Irtyish is another major river of Kazakhstan that passes through Kazakhstan, Russia, and China. Ishim is another major river that passes through Russia and Kazakhstan. Ural River that originated from Ural Mountains is another major river of Kazakhstan. However, there is no official national river of Kazakhstan.
Khan Tegri is the highest mountain in Kazakhstan. It is located at the border of Kazakhstan and China. It stands at the height of 7010 meters. It is the third highest peak in Kyrgyzstan. Pik talgar is the second highest mountain of Kazakhstan. It stands at the height of 4979 meters. Belukha Mountain is the third highest mountain of Kazakhstan, standing at the height of 45506 meters.
Almaty zoo is the largest and oldest zoo and zoological park of Kazakhstan. It is located in the Almaty city of Kazakhstan. It was opened in 1936. It has around 4068 animals. Its area is about 21 ha.
The national flower of Kazakhstan is Lily, also known as Lilium. Lilium are flowering plants growing from herbs. There are about 110 species of flowers of Lilium family.
Asian Spruce or Schrenk’s spruce is the national tree of Kazakhstan.
Golden eagle is the national animal of Kazakhstan. Its scientific name is Aquila chrysaetos. It is also called a European Golden Eagle. This eagle is leading species of Eagles. It is found in mountains as well as tree fewer areas.
The national bird of Kazakhstan is Steppe Eagle. It also appears on the national flag of Kazakhstan. It belongs to the family of Accipitridae like all other eagles.
Beshbarmak is the most popular dish in Kazakhstan. It is made from horse or mutton meat. It is eaten directly with fingers in Kazakhstan. The word Beshbarmak also means five fingers.
Kumys is the national drink of Kazakhstan. It is made from fermented camel or mare’s milk. It is regarded as a healing drink and is prepared in summer, winter, and spring. It was considered a sin to throw away a drink of kumys left in cups.
Orthozdox Christmas Day is celebrated in Kazakhstan on 7th January each year. Women’s Day is celebrated on March 21st. Nauryz Day is celebrated on March 21st to March 25th of each year. Kazakhstan Public Solidarity Day is celebrated on May 1st each year. Defenders Day is celebrated on May 07th and Victory Day is celebrated on May 9th each year.
The Gross domestic product of Kazakhstan is 159.4 billion US dollars. Gross National Product of Kazakhstan increased from 46971150 KZT Million in 2016 to 51966817.40 KZT Million in 2017. Kazakhstan has successfully transitioned from lower middle to upper middle in terms of income during last two decades. The annual Household Income per Capita of Kazakhstan reached 3,001.060 US dollars as of 2017 as compared to the previous value of 2,685.586 US dollars in December 2016.