May 25 is recognized as the national day of Jordan. This day is celebrated in the memory of Jordanian Parliament’s approved Treaty of London on 25 May 1946. This operation marked the end of the Emirate of Transjordan as a British dependency and the indorsement of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Formal meetings are held in the remembrance of this day which is attended by the members of the House of Hashim, additionally by the civil and military officers. Award dispensing, political oration and ambassadorial visits are ordinary on this day. Some of the usual acts of this day in the Jordanian Armed Forces are military parades, officially held meetings and launching of color ceremonies, furthermore, a 21-GUN salute in the town.
The national anthem of Jordan known to be “as-Salam al- Malaki al-Urduni” (The Royal Anthem of Jordan) was espoused in 1946. Abdel Mun’im al-Rifai wrote the text while it was composed in the chords of Abdul al-Qadir al-Tanir. The initial form of the lyrics was very concise because it comprised of only the pre-dominant paragraph of the older form. Ever since, the national anthem has extended. The curtailed form of the anthem is generally used, while the full form of the anthem is retained for certain junctures.
Jordan National Anthem Video And Download Link:
Jordan National Anthem Audio And Download Link:
18 April 1928 is the day when the flag of Jordan was designated as a national flag, established on the 1917 flag of the Arab Revolt in opposition to the Ottoman Empire throughout World War 1. The flag comprises of horizontal black, white, and green straps that are attached together with a red heraldic bearing. The colors inside the flag represent some dynasties which include black strap to Abbasid, white strap to Umayyad, and green strap to Fatimid caliphates. The red heraldic bearing is for the Hashemite ancestry, and the Arab Revolt.
King Abdullah I bin al-Hussain asked to sketch emblem in 1921. A formal logo as an emblem was announced for the Hashemite State of Jordon by the panel of leaders on 25 August 1934, under managing department Order No. 558. The enumerations were further explained in No.6. Statement which was solemnly presented by the panel of members on 21 February 1982.
On the East Bank of the Jordan River, is an Arab country in Western Asia known to be Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Four countries border Jordon, to the south and the east it is Saudi Arabia, to the north-east it is Iraq, to the north it is Syria and Israel and Palestine (West Bank) to the west. Along its western borders is situated the Dead Sea and to its extreme south-west the country has a tiny coastline to the Red Sea. Jordan is deliberately situated at the flash point of Asia, Africa and Europe. Jordan’s most famous city is Amman which is also a capital city, furthermore, country’s economic, political and cultural center.
Capital of Jordan
Jordan’s largest city is Amman which itself is the Capital. Amman is a residential place for the Majesty of the town and for the federals of the country. Eastern frontier of the ‘Ajlun Mountains’ on a tiny, moderately perpetual Wadi ‘Amman and its side stream is constructed this city. To the north of Wadi is a little elevated three-cornered mesa modernly known as Mount Al-Qal’ah which is Amman’s main center of attention during its history. It used to be a home land for the rampart colony which lived there ever since many ages; Chalcolithic Age (c.4000-c.3000BCE) was the preliminary remnant. Ammonites were Hasidic tribe mostly referred to Bible. Uriah the Hittite was dispatched by King David before his death in the battlefield to become Man of David’s wife Bathsheba. During the reign of King David the strength of the citizens living in that territory lessened. Ultimately, Solomon (David’s son) became the next successor after his father’s death in the battlefield; moreover, he had Ammonite wives in his quarters who became the mother of one of his children’s’ Rehoboam.
Mandatory Palestine and the Emirate of Transjordan had a common solemn currency “Palestine Pounds” which was endowed by the Palestine Currency Board from 1927 until 1950. On 25th May 1946, Jordan became an individual state which led to think the minds to have a national currency and eventually a Provincial Act No.35 of 1949 was preceded. Jordan Currency Board was formed beneath this operation consisting of a Chief of the State and four council members. They provided with Jordanian in the state. On 1 July 1950, Jordanian Dinar became the state’s solemn currency.
The Islamic culture for women in wearing their clothes is to cover their faces and do ‘hijab’ and is now commonly being experienced in Jordan. In Jordan women are not permitted to wear short shirts, skirts, tight clothes, sleeveless shirts and blouses. Three styles are adopted while wearing clothes by the people of Jordan.
Pan-Arab colors are being used as their national colors in the Jordanian Flag. The flag comprises of horizontal black, white, and green straps that are attached together with a red heraldic bearing. The colors inside the flag represent some dynasties which include black strap to Abbasid, white strap to Umayyad, and green strap to Fatimid Caliphates.
Amman is the place where the head office of the Royal Jordanian Airlines is situated. Royal Jordanian Airlines is the flag bearer airline of Jordan, runs a planned international resources above all four continents from its primary foundation at Queen Alia International Airport. Royal Jordanian is a common member of the Arab Air Carriers Organization and the one world Airline Alliance. Five hundred flights are manipulated per week with a minimum of 110 drop-off’s and was widely known as Alia Royal Jordanian Airlines.
Ras al-Ayn is an area where Jordan’s Museum is situated. A gallery is created to present the work of famous saints and people and is beautifully decorated. It is a national center for training and grasping education. Things in it are antiquely presented to make it look unique.
National Contract and Directorate of Libraries was formed in 1977. In 1990, both of these departments were restored by two advanced bodies which are Sector of the National Library and Documentation Center. Then, both the bodies were amalgamated to be an individual sector joined together with the Secretary of Culture beneath the name of the Sector of the National Library.
The national stadium of Jordan is situated in Al Hussein Youth City in Amman. It is one of the huge stadiums in Jordan. In 1964, this stadium was constructed and its opening was arranged in 1968. Jordanian Government owns it. The home town of the Jordan National Football Team and Al-Faisaly SC is the same stadium. The present-day holding limit of citizens of this stadium is 17,619 pupils.
Football and Basketball is considered to be the national sport of Jordan. Camel and horse ridings are at the same time very demanding in Jordan. In the beginning of 1950, car racing became a weekend game which engaged many citizens. As car racing became widely known so it allowed many users to participate in it and some of the Middle East countries; Qatar, Kuwait, Oman, and the United States Emirates started to engage in international contests.
The national river of Jordan is Nahar ha-Yarden. It has a length of about 251 km in the Middle East that runs along the Sea of Galilee and on to the Dead Sea. It is bordered Golan Heights to the East, while to the West it is bordered by Israel and West Bank. Both the names are derived from the River.
Israel, Syria, Iraq, and Saudi Arabia work as a shield and protect Jordon from all four sides. The most famous mountains among them are; Khilal which has a height of 5,527 feet mounted at the Ma’an Governorate of Jordan, Ghazal is the fourth highest peak in the country with 5,555 feet tall, Marajim is the third highest mountain with a height of 5,623 feet tall, Ramm is the second elevation with a acme of 5,689 feet and the first highest peak of the country is Umm ad Dami with a height of 6,083 feet.
Dibeen Forest Reserve is situated near the North-West Nook of Jordan. It utilizes 8.5sq meters including the hilly tracks surrounded by Pine-Oak homeland. This is an ancient and non-manmade homelands in Jordan. This area also provides a habitat to species vulnerable to other environmental conditions such as Persian Squirrel.
Jordanians are mythical people who believe in super natural power and forces. They are rigid converts in fate and omens. In this belief if someone is harmed or gets ill, it is to be considered just because of envy and bitterness. The stories of Jordan, peculiarly those of the Bedouin are sometimes presented of honor, generosity, and hospitality.
The national tree of Jordan is ‘Quercus ithaburensis Decne’ which is primarily also known as ‘Quercus aegilops’, is sub specie of the oak.
The national flower of Jordan is Black Iris. Black Iris is found all over and beyond the country, especially in Karak Governorate.
Jordan’s national animal is an Arabian Oryx. Arabian Oryx has a moderate shaped with a clear sharp hump, long stretched horns, and a knotted tail. It is specifically found in desert areas of Arabian Peninsula.
Sinai rose finch is declared as the nation bird of Jordan. Its rosy color which is familiar to the color of Petra made it capable to get selected as the national bird of Jordan. Since then, Jordan is known as “The Red Rose City”.
Jordan’s most favorite fruits are Figs and Olives. Both are plentiful in Jordan, however, neither of them is declared as the national fruit. Figs are a good source of soluble fiber and helps you to keep your stomach full and relieves from constipation and other diseases while on the other hand, Olives are rich in Vitamin E. Olives are good for heart patients and works as shield against osteoporosis and cancer.
There are no specific vegetables that are marked as national. Vegetables that are mainly used to prepare food are carrots, leafy greens, egg plants, herbs, garlic, onion, lemon, etc.
Jordan has some distinctive dishes; one of them is mansaf, chunks of stewed lamb in a yogurt based sauce served with rice. A Jordanian meal which is served sporadically is known as Mansaf also called fattiyeh. It takes long hours to get arranged and is mainly presented on some special events and occasions.
Jordanians love to have sweets in their meal once a day. A popular kind of sweet which they have in their meal is a pastry known to be filo. Kanafeh is also eaten in Jordan and in many parts of Middle East; it is a creamy sweet that can be enjoyed by the Jordanians anytime.
In most of the restaurants, bars and hotels alcohol is being served continuously as it is the best-choice drink of the Jordanians. The people who are Muslim are not permitted by their religion to drink this on any day but it is specifically banned for Muslims in the month of Ramadan but Non-Muslims can drink wine and alcohol in hotels during Ramadan. Black Tea is normally presented with a spoon full of sugar or honey and is also common.
May 25 is celebrated as the national holiday. This day is celebrated in the memory of Jordanian Parliament’s approved Treaty of London on 25 May 1946. This operation marked the end of the Emirate of Transjordan as a British dependency and the indorsement of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Formal meetings are held in the remembrance of this day which is attended by the members of the House of Hashim, additionally by the civil and military officers. Award dispensing, political oration and ambassadorial visits are ordinary on this day. Some of the usual acts of this day in the Jordanian Armed Forces are military parades, officially held meetings and launching of color ceremonies, furthermore, a 21-GUN salute in the town.
In 1970’s, Jordan’s GDP per capita increased by 351% but declined sharply in 1980’s by 30% and again it got up by 36% in 1990’s. The economy of Jordan has been growing yearly at a rate of 8% but it again decreased to 2% after the Arab Spring arose in 2011. The growth and strength of the economy varies and depends upon population. As of 2015, Jordan owns a GDP of worth $37.6 USD bn, 89th position in the whole world wide.