Jamaica gained independence on August 6, 1962. It got its independence from the United Kingdom.
The national anthem of Jamaica is “Jamaica, the land we love.” It was officially made the national anthem in 1962. It was chosen after a one-year long competition and was selected by Jamaica’s House of Parliament.
Iceland National Anthem Video and Download Link:
Iceland National Anthem Audio and Download Link:
Jamaica adopted the national flag on August 6, 1962. The flag was adopted after the independence of British protected West Indies. The flag consists of a golden saltire that divides the flag into four parts. Two of the parts are of green color, and two are of yellow color. The Jamaican flag is different from flags of all countries of the world, as it does not contain red, white and blue color. The national flag was selected after a national competition among the public.
The national language of Jamaica is English, though the most population of Jamaica speaks a type of English creole, also known as Jamaican Creole. It is a mix of different African languages with English.
Capital of Jamaica
The capital of Jamaica is Kingston. It is also the largest city in the country and is located on the southern coast. The natural harbor of Kingston is protected by Palisadoes. It’s sandy split connects it with the rest of the town and airport. The city was found in July 1962.
There is a large variety of Christian churches in the city. Kingston plays a major role in the economy of the country. The government ministries are located in Kingston, and the majority of economic activities take place in Kingston. Kingston has the highest population density in Jamaica. It is the main force of legislation in the finances of Jamaica. This city has the highest number of school, universities, and hospitals in Jamaica. It also the largest seaport and most financial institutions are headquartered here.
The national currency of Jamaica is Jamaica dollar. It is the national currency of Jamaica since 1962 and is abbreviated as J$ to distinguish it from the American dollar symbol. Jamaican currency is divided into 100 cents. There are coins of 1, 5, and 10 in Jamaica. The banknotes in circulation in Jamaica are of 50, 100, 500, 1000 and 5000, respectively.
A quadrille dress made out of cotton is the national dress and folk costume of the country. It is worn during their traditional dance by women.
Oku Nagba Ozala Onuora is known as the “father of Jamaican poetry.” He was born on March 9, 1952, in Jamaica,
Air Jamaica is the national airline of Jamaica. It was sold to the Caribbean airline in 2011. Jamaican government holds 16% shares of the airline.
The national museum of Jamaica is named as National Museum Jamaica; It is located in Kingston. It is a center of research and artifacts. It contains all the cultural and historical documents of Jamaica. It is regarded as a national agent to preserve and collect artifacts and cultural documents of Jamaica. It also aims to reflect and research on life and history of Jamaica.
It mounts to national exhibitions annually and also offers public programs.
The national library of Jamaica is the National Library of Jamaica. It is located in Kingston. It was established in 1979 by Institue of Jamcian Act, 1962. It has biographies and poetry of national heroes of Jamaica.
Independence Park is the national stadium of Jamaica. It is a sport and cultural complex built in 1966. It is located in Kingston. It houses many Commonwealth games and sports facilities. The main venue of the stadium is the national stadium, and a statue of Bob Marley marks the entrance of the stadium. It was built for 1962 Central American and Caribbean Games and held the opening and closing ceremonies for track and cycling fields. It can hold 35,000 people. It has Olympic size swimming pools, national arena, and indoor sports complex.
The national sport of Jamaica is Cricket.
It is the most popular sport in the country. Jamaica has won many competition and cups in cricket. It has also played for West Indies Cricket team that also won world cups of 1975 and 1979.
Jamaica does not have an official national river. Black River is the largest river in Jamaica.
Jamaica does not have any official mountains. The Blue Mountain in Jamaica are the largest mountain ranges. They are the largest point of the island and stand at 2256 m. From the top, both north and east coasts of the island can be seen.
Jamaica does not have an official zoo. Jamaica Zoo and Hope Zoo are the biggest zoo in the country and are located in Kingston.
Lignum Vitae is the national flower of Jamaica. Christopher Columbus discovered it. Its name is in Latin, and in English translation, it means, “wood of life.” It has many proven medical qualities.
The national tree of Jamaica is Blue Mahoe. It is a large tree attaining about 66ft height. It grows very rapidly. It is also used in deforestation. In wet areas, it grows up to 4000 ft. Its scientific name is Hibiscus Elatu. The tree is quite beautiful and durable with its long straight truck and big green leaves. It is used for cabinet making as well as decorative objects and carvings.
National animal of Jamaica is doctor bird, also known as scissortail. It is one of the most beautiful bird from 120 species of the family of hummingbirds.
The national bird of Albania is also Doctor bird or scissortail.
The national food of Jamaica is Ackee. Ackee is a pear-shaped fruit that are found in warm weathers. The botanical name of Ackee is Blighia Sapida. A tree of Ackee grows up to 50ft in good conditions. The name of Ackee is derived from the name Ankye that comes from Ghana’s two languages.
It was imported from East Africa before 1725; later, it was grown in Jamaica itself. It is one of the major exports of Jamacia.
Ackee and saltfish is the national dish of Jamaica. It is one of the most popular dishes in Jamaica and served to guests. It is eaten as a part of breakfast and dinner. It is served with rice and rice with peas.
Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee is regarded as the national drink of Jamaica.
New Year’s day (January 1), Ash Wednesday (March 1) and Good Friday(April 14) are some of the national and public holidays celebrated in Jamaica. National Heroes Day is one of the patriotic Holiday of Jamaica celebrated on October 16th.
The Gross domestic product of Jamaica for the year 2017 was 14.77 billion US dollars. GNI per capita is 9690 PPP dollars in 2017. Jamaica launched an economic revival plan in 2013. The public debt is below 100% as of 2018/ 2019 and will decline below 60% in 2025/ 2026. The employment rate as of October 18th is 8.7%. The Jamaican currency grew 2% each year over the past years. Poverty is 16% as of 2016. Poverty is expected to get lowers, and the economy is expected to grow slowly due to reforms in the country.