The national Day of India is 15 August. It is the independence day of the nation. India got freedom from United Kingdom on 15 August 1947. Indian independence Act 1947 was passed by parliament of UK and they transfer judicial sovereignty to Indian Constituent Assembly. India got freedom by non-violent resistance and civil disobedience by the National Congress of India. Indian independence was agreed with the partition of British India along religious into Pakistan and India. The first Prime Minister of India was Jawaharlal Nehru. He raised the national flag of India above Lahori gate in Delhi. On every Independence Day, current prime minister of India raised at this place and addresses with the people. This event is recorded by Doordarshan which is the national broadcaster of India. People celebrate this day by raising flags at their roof top. They decorate their streets and houses.
The national anthem of India is Jana Gana Mana. This song was composed in Bengali as Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata. The poet of this song was Rabindranath Tagore. On 24 January 1950, the constituent Assembly of India adopted the first stanza of this poem as the national anthem of India. This national anthem takes almost fifty two seconds to complete. The short version of this national anthem also played very often. On 27 December 1911, it was sung publically for the first time in the session of Indian National Congress at Calcutta. This poem was published in the Tattwabodhini Patrika under the title of Bharat Bhagya Bidhata in Fbrury 1905. Tatwabodhini Patrika was the official publication of Brahmo Samaj. This national anthem is sung in all over the Indian schools in the morning assembly.
India National Anthem Video and Download Link:
India National Anthem Audio and Download Link:
The national flag of India is a quadrilateral tricolor. These colors include saffron (Orange), white and green color. There is navy blue wheel at the center of this flag. There are 24-spoke in this wheel. It was adopted on 22 July 1947 in the meeting of Constituent Assembly of India. On 15 August 1947, this tricolor flag became the official flag of India. The present flag of India is based on Swaraj flag. Swaraj is the flag of Indian National Congress. Swaraj flag was designed by PINGALI Venkayya. Swaraj flag was flown for the first time in 1923. According to Law, Indian national flag should be made of Khadi. Khadi is a special type of hand-spun silk. As of 2009, the only manufacturer of Indian national flag is Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta. People of India used to decorate their houses and streets on the Independence Day by this flag.
The national emblem of India is Ashoka chakra. This national emblem of India hold a special place in both the present and the history of country. This national emblem shows power, pride, courage and confidence. This emblem was officially adopted on 26 January 1950, on the day when India became a republic. It was a historic day of India. This emblem is currently present at Sarnath Museum in Varanasi. This emblem is protected with a lot of care at specific temperature and humidity. This emblem is protected with special security by expert police force of Uttar Pradesh. This emblem displays lions and Dharma Chakra. This emblem consist of four lions which are standing back to back so that only three lions are visible. There is also a wheel of law in this emblem. This emblem have special respect and it is only used for official national events.
Capital of Nation
The capital of India is New Delhi. It is an Urban district of Delhi. It is also the base of all three branches of Indian Government. Emperor George 5 was the founder of this city during Delhi Durbar of 1911. Sir Edwin and Sir Herbert Baker was the designer of this city. These two were the British architects. This new city was inaugurated by Viceroy and Lord Irwin on 13 February 1931. Lord Irwin was the Governor General of India at that time. The old capital of India was Calcutta. It was the capital of India until December 1911. The total area of New Delhi is 42.7 kilometer square. It is a small part of Delhi Metropolitan area. There is a difference in elevation in the city. New Delhi was once the part of Aravali Range. New Delhi is present on floodplains of Yamuna River. Dili ki chat is the famous food in all over the India.
The national currency of India is Indian rupee. It is divided into Hundred Paisa. The currency of India is managed by The Reserve Bank. It manages the currency of India on the basis of Reserve bank of India Act, 1934. The new symbol of Indian rupee ‘’ ₹ ‘’ was adpted by Government of India in 2010. The designer of this currency was D. Udaya Kumar. Before this symbol, India used the sign of Rs as their currency Symbol. A banknote of ₹200 was also added into Indian currency to fulfill the demand of this note after the demonetization. A banknote of ₹1,000 has been suspended from the Indian currency. The word ‘’ rupee ‘’ is the derivative of Sanskrit word Rupaya which means a coin of silver. On July 2018, banknote of the ₹100 has been added into Indian currency on the order of Reserve Bank of India.
There is no specific national dress of India. There are variety of dresses that are used by Indian people. These dresses changed according to climate, geography and cultural norms in each region of India. In urban areas of India, the western culture of dressing is very common. There is a great diversity of fibers, colors, weaves and material of clothing in India. Some times these colors are based on religion. An extensive mixture of Indian cultural clothing and western clothing can be seen in India. Girls in India wears long skirt and a short blouse above this skirt. This short blouse is called Choli. Sari is the actual traditional dress for Indian women. On the other hand Men mostly like to wear Lungi, Kurta, Sherwani, Bandhgala, Jama and Dhoti.
There is no specific national color of India. National color of India is not mentioned anywhere. The Flag code of India defines the importance of colors of flag. These colors of this flag were thoroughly explained in the Constituent Assembly of India by Dr.S.Radhakrishnan. He explains that Saffron color denotes denial of disinterestedness. He said that our leaders should be unconcerned to material gains and they should be sincere with their work. The white color in the center of flag shows Light and true path in order to guide our conduct. The green part at the end of flag shows the relation of Indian people with their soil. Their relation with the plant life on which all other life depends. On the other hand it believes that saffron color shoes sacrifice, white color shows truth and peace while green color shows prosperity.
There is no particular national poet of India. There are many famous poets in the history of India. The most famous poets include Rabindranath Tagore, Rashtriya Kavi aka and Sarojini Naidu. Rabindranath Tagore was born on 7 May 1861. He was a musician, poet , artist and polymath. He was the first non-European who won the Noble Prize in Literature. Secondly Rashtriya kavi is the second most famous poet of the India. His original name was Manjeshwar Govinda Pai. He was born on 23 March 1883. JHe was a kannada poet. He was awarderd the title of Rashtrakavi by the Madras Government on 1 November 1956. The third most famous poet of India is a lady named as Sarojini Naidu. She was an activist and poet. She was born in Hyderabad. She also fought for the independence of Inda from the British Raj.
The national Airline of India is Air India Limited. It is the flag carrier Airline in all over the India. Headquarter of this Airline is situated in New Delhi in the capital of India. This Airline is serving for 94 international and domestic destinations. The Hub of this Airline is at Indira Gandhi International Airport. Its hub is also at different big cities of India. It is the largest Airline in all over the India. The market share of this Airline is 18.6%. Air India has served almost 60 destinations across four continents. On 11 July 2014, it became the 27th member of Star Alliance. The founder of this Airline was J.R.D . It was established in 1932 as Tata Airlines. It became a public limited company after the World War 2 so then it was named as Air India.
The national museum of India is National museum situated in New Delhi. It is one of the largest museum of India. It was established in 1949. There is a variety of articles from pre-historic time to modern works of art. This museum is under the Ministry of Culture, Government of India. This museum is present on Maulana Azad road in New Delhi. This museum contains almost 200,000 works of art including both Indian and foreign origin. These arts cover the time of almost 5,000 years. This museum is situated in two floors building. On the first floor of this museum , there is the National Museum institute of History and Arts, Conservation and Museology. It was established in 1983. Now it became Deemed University since 1989. This museum was inaugurated on 15 August 1949.
The national library of India is named as the ‘’ National library of India’’. It is situated in Alipore , Calcutta. It is the largest library by volume in India. It is also the India’s library of public record. This library is managed by the Ministry of Culture, Government of India. This library is selected to collect, publish and to preserve the printed material produced in all over the India. This library is sited on 30-acres. There are almost 22.2 million books present in this library. It was the residence of Governer General of India before the independence. This library is the merger of Imperial library and public library. There are the books of almost 15 languages in this library. Then collection consist of almost 3200 manuscripts and 86,00 maps. There is a shelf space of over 45 km in this national library.
There is no specific national stadium of India. Although there are many stadiums for sports in India which are famous in all over the world for their maintenance and beauty. The most amazing stadiums of India including Eden Gardens which is situated in Calcutta, M.Chinnaswamy Stadium present in Bangalore and Wankhede Stadium situated in Mumbai. Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium is also the famous stadium of India . There are many stadiums in India on the name of Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium. These are multi-purpose stadiums. The most playing game in India is cricket. There many cricket stadium in India with international level.
The national game of India is Hockey. It is played between the two teams. Indian Men’s Hockey team is the first non-European team which was the part of International Hockey Federation. The Men’s hockey team of India won the first Olympic gold medal in 1928. The golden time of Indian Hockey team was from 1928 to 1956. Indian hockey team gained six gold medals in a row and remained unbeaten in the Olympics. They won total 8 gold medals, one silver medal and two bronze medals in Olympics. Indian Hockey team was eliminated from Olympic competition held at Beijing by losing on 2-0 against Britain on 9 March 2008. Since 1928, it was the first time in the history of Indian hockey that Indian team was not participating in the Olympics.
The national river of India is Ganges river. It is also known as Gnaga River. It is the trans-boundary river of Asia. This river flows through Bangladesh and India. The length of this river is 2,525 km. It rises from the western Himalayas of Uttarakhand and it flows through plains of India and Bangladesh. It is emptying on the Bay of Bangal. It is the lifeline for the millions of people living in the way of this river. It is the most religious river for the people of India. Many old capitals like Kara, Kashi, Allahabad, Munger, Kampilya and Kannauj have been located on the bank of this river. This river is threatened by pollution due to both animals and humans. There are almost 140 species of fishes, 90 species of amphibians, reptiles and mammals are present in this river. This river is also very famous for river rafting in summers.
There is no specific national mountain of India. There are many high mountains in the all over the India. These mountains are famous for the adventurous height in all over the world. The highest mountain of India is Kangchenjunga Mountain. It is also called as Kanchenjunga. It is the highest mountain of India and the third highest mountain in all over the world. The height of this mountain is 8586 m. It is present in the area of Himalaya and is covered with Tamur River. This mountain is present between India and Nepal. There are total five peaks of this mountain. Three of these five peaks are present in India directly on the border while other two peaks are present in Taplejung district in Nepal. This mountain was first climbed by Joe Brown and George Band on 25th May 1955. These two were the part of British expedition.
There is no specific national park of India. Although there are total 104 natural parks in all over the India. These are the protected areas of India. These parks are the area of all wild animals of India. There are many wild animals living in these parks of India. These animals include Indian Tiger, Crocodiles, deer , leopards, Lions, Zebra and many more haunted animals. The largest national park of India is Hemis national park. This park is present in Ladakh region in the state of Jammu AND Kashmir in India. This park is famous in the world for its snow leopards. This park is present inside the Palearctic ecozone. This park is the area of many endangered species of mammals.
The national Zoo of India Is National Zoological Park. It is situated on the area of 176-acres. It is located near the Old Fort of Delhi. There is a great collection of animals and birds in this zoo. There are almost 1350 animals living in this zoo. There are almost 135 species of animals and birds from all over the world in this zoo. This zoo can be visited by a walk and also by battery operated vehicles which could be rented from the zoo. A visitor was killed in this zoo when he had fallen in the enclosure of white tiger. The park was established in 1959, decades after the formation of New Delhi. This park is also the part of Central Zoo Authority for the conservation breeding programs for the Bengal tiger, swamp deer, Asiatic lion, red jungle fowl and Indian Rhinoceros. The breeding program of antlered deer was so successful and is was started with a pair of these deer in 1962.
There is no particular national forest of India. There are many beautiful and vast forests in all over the India. The total area covered by the forests in all over the India is 708,273 square kilometers. It covers the 21.55 percent of the total area of the country. The three largest national forests of India are Khasi hills Meghalay, Namdapha National park in Aranachal Pradesh and Jim Corbett National Park present in Uttarakhand. These are biggest forests of India. Khasi hills Meghalay covers the area of 41,700 kilometer squares. It is also a part of Assam. There are a lot of wild animals present in these forests. These animals include Tiger, elephant, Bengal Tiger, Asiatic lion, Hornbill , Indian wolf and many other wild animals.
The national tree of India is Ficus Bengalensis tree. It is also known as Indian Banyan. It is the native tree of Indian subcontinent. These trees are among the largest tree in the world by shade coverage. This is the largest tree in the world which covers the two dimensional area by its canopy. The length of its perimeter is 845 meters. The canopy of this specimen is so extensive that it can shelter 7000 people at the same time. This tree have the circumference of 610 meter. This tree have almost 3000 branches. This tree bear multiple fruits in its structure. Frugivores are the birds which spread the seeds of this plant. The leaves of this plant are glossy, green, elliptical and large. The leaf is covered by large scales. A banyan tree can grow into a big tree which can spread up to several hectares.
The national flower of India is Lotus. This flower represents the values of Indian Psyche. This flower represents the fruitfulness, wealth, knowledge, spirituality and illumination. This flower grows in Murky water but still it is untouched by its impurity. This flower re[[presents the purity of heart and mind. It is an aquatic plant. This flower belongs to Nymphaea specie. These flowers grow only in shallow waters. This flower has many petals. These flowers are famous for their tranquil beauty. This flower can grow in all over the world insemi-tropical climate conditions. It is a dominant flower in India, Myanmar and Bangladesh. This flower is also found in America in its tropical regions. This flower can grow only in stationary water bodies like lakes and ponds. This flower needed warm climate to grow. The body of this flower remains under the water while only flower can be seen above the water.
The national animal of India is Bengal Tiger. It is the native animal of Indian Sub-continent. Since 2008, it is considered as the endangered animal on the IUCN Red List. Since 2011, it is considered that only 2500 individuals are left behind on the earth. The reason that this specie became endangered species is that there is not enough area in the India where almost 250 adult individuals can be populated. Since 2014, a sudden increase has been seen in their population in such a way that their number becomes 2226 individuals in all over the world. Almost 445 tigers are estimated also in Bangladesh. 103 tigers in Bhutan and 165-255 tigers have also seen in Nepal. since the late Paleozoic, these tigers are living on Indian Sub-continent. These are biggest wild cats which are alive in this era. It is also the national animal of Bangladesh. It is also known as Royal Bengal Tiger.
The national bird of India is Indian peafowl. It is also known as blue peafowl. It is the native bird of Indian subcontinent. It is also present in many other countries of the world. It is bright colored large bird. It is a species of peafowl. The male is of mostly blue color with wire like feathers is known for its covert feathers which colorful eyespots. These feathers vibrate in a display during its courtship. Despite of his long and lengthy feathers, they are still capable to fly. Peahens have greenish lower neck and have brown plumage. In India , these peafowls lives on the plain areas in forests. They eats berries, grains, snake, lizards and rodents. They can call very loud which make them easy to detect. They hunt in small groups and try to walk on feet instead of flying. They fly into tall trees for the purpose of roost.
The national fruit of India is Mango. It is a juicy fruit. Indian mangoes are famous in all over the world for its sweet taste and juicy flavor. It belongs to genus Mangifera. This is the native fruit of South Asia. This is the most cultivated fruit in the tropical regions of Asia. It is also the national fruit of Pakistan. Mango tree is the national tree of Bangladesh. It is also the unofficial national fruit of Philippines. The height of this tree is 35-40 m. The crown radius of this tree is 10 m. The age of this tree is almost 400 years. It is believed that some trees fruit even after 300 years of age. In deep soil, the stem of this tree descends up to six meters. The leaves of this plant are evergreen. The length of its leaf is upto 15-35 cm. The width of this leaf could be 6-16 cm. It have been cultivated from thousands of years in South Asia.
The national vegetable of India is Meetha kaddu. It is also called as Indian Pumpkin. It is the most popular vegetable of India. It seems like pumkin but its taste and texture is similar to butternut squash. The most common dish made by this vegetable is ‘’ Meetha Kaddu’’. It is a sweet pumpkin dry curry. It is actually not a sweet dish. It is a salty curry with the hint of sugar. Kaddu has been used in India from ages. It has been used before chili peppers, potatoes and cauliflower even arrived in this country. The second most famous vegetable in India is Eggplants. There are many different varieties off eggplant by color and shape. The third most famous vegetable of India is White Potatoes. This vegetable was introduced by the traders of Portuguese during the 14th century. British introduced Cauliflower in India which is the fourth most famous vegetable in India.
The national dish of India is Khichdi. It is a dish of Indian Subcontinent. It is made fup of rice and lentil. Lentils are also called as daal in the subcontinent. It is the first solid food for the Indian Babies. Hindu people avoid grains during their fasting so they ate khichdi which is made up of sago. It is a salty food. Khichdi is also a very famous dish in Nepal, Pakistan and Bangladesh. This dish is used by many Indian states such as Gujarat, Haryana, Assam, Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and in many other states of India. In Khichdi some vegetables are also added such as cauliflower, potato and green Onion.
The national sweet of India is Jalebi. It is also known as Zalabia or Zulbia. It is the sweet and most famous food in all over the South Asia. It is very common sweet dish in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh . It is made by deep frying the maida flour in circular shape. These structures then dipped into sugar syrup. It is also very popular sweet dish in Iran. It can be eaten in both warm and cold condition of it. It have chewy texture with sugar coating. This dish should not be confused with imarti and chenna Jalebi which is very similar to it.
Tea is the national drink of India. It is an aromatic beverage. It is prepared by adding hot boiling water into leaves of shrub. This drink is most widely used among the world. There are many different types of tea. Every tea has its own taste. Some tea has a taste like sweet, nutty, salty and bitter.
The national holiday of India is 15 August. It is also the independence day of India. They celebrated this day with zeal and love. They decorate their houses and streets by Indian flags and banners. They celebrate this day because they got freedom from British Empire on 15 August 1947 after the division of subcontinent into Pakistan and India. This day has a great importance in the history of India. There are also many other holidays which are given to Indian people including holiday of Republic of India.
The national income of India is 9.449 trillion PPP dollars. According to GDP growth rate , India is at 15th number among 225 countries of the world. India is an under developing country.