Haiti is a country located near the Caribbean Sea. Haiti is also known as the highest populous country of Caribbean Sea. The actual inhabitants of this area was Taino people, but later Spain came on there and ruled them. Columbus is a discoverer of island Haiti. Haiti is full of beautiful valleys, charming plateaus, and captivating land. Although the area does not have too many mountains, still it is charming. Haiti is remarked as the first black republic.
Haiti named its national anthem as “La Dessalinienne.” The name is in the respect and honor of its leader who fights for Haiti’s freedom from Spain. His name was “Jean Jacques Dessalines,” the man behind the freedom and independence of Haiti.
The anthem was chosen to be the national anthem of Haiti back in 1904 when it was playing in a national competition on the occasion of Haiti’s 100 anniversary of independence. The composer of the national anthem is” Nicolas Geffard.” At that time, Haiti’s motivation was miserable, but the new national anthem had emerged spark in Haiti’s nation. They became more freedom lover, extremely patriotic, freedom, and peace promoter. The national anthem itself illustrates that Haiti wants unity and harmony.
Haiti National Anthem Video and Download Link:
Haiti National Anthem Audi and Download Link:
Two languages are commonly spoken in Haiti, which is “French” and “Creole.” But the officially declared language is French. As French is considered as an elite language in Haiti because it is spoken by governments, politicians, and intellectual persons. Moreover, creole is spoken all over Haiti and considered as an informal language used in gatherings. People who are not able to communicate in French is considered an embarrassment while addressing a gathering.
The national flag of Haiti is two colored flags dividing the flag into two halves equally horizontally with a shield on its center. The upper horizontal part is blue, and the lower is red. In the center shield, palm tree depicts freedom and independence. The arm shows the weapons are ready to fight for freedom. As the flag is a perfect depiction of Haiti’s motto, which states liberty is on top most.
Capital of The Nation
Port-au-Prince is known as Haiti’s capital as well as the largest city of Haiti. In the 18th century, the port of this city was opened for foreign trade. Most of the country’s commerce and trading activities happen in this city. Most of the population residing there is of African descent.
Moreover, it has the privilege of exporting a large number of coffee and sugar all over the world. However, the city’s unemployment rate is quite high. Also, the city destructed badly due to the earthquake in 2010, which results in a large number of deaths and catastrophe.
Although there is no defined national color by Haiti government, it is considered that blue and red color is their national color. As the nation is fond of blue and red color and prefers to wear this color on their special occasions. Also, their flag too has these two colors, which clearly shows their interest and love towards these both colors.
The National Currency
The national currency of Haiti is “Gourde. Haiti government have set a particular scale which state 1 Haitian dollar equals to the amount of 5 Haitian gourdes, and this rate cannot be changed. Whatever conditions the economy will be facing this remains the same. Moreover, Haitian government issues coins of only 1 gourde, 5 gourde and 50 cent and issues banknotes in a range from 10 gourdes to 1000 gourde. 1000 cent is a subunit of gourde. US dollar is also exchanged and accepted but in business. Haitian gourde is introduced in the 18th century after independence to replace currency of French.
National dress worn by Haiti women is “karabela” a kind of off shoulder top and skirt. Whereas men wear a jacket and pants. These jackets or shirts are known as “guayabera.” Haiti nation mostly prefers the fabric of blue and red color embellished with laces and various traditional work. Moreover, ladies in Haiti wear a headscarf on traditional as well as normal clothes.
The national airline of Haiti is “tortoug, air S.A.” It came into being in the year 2003 in port au prince. Tortoug, air S.A take flights to 3 international and 6 national places. The airline also serves for domestic transportation purpose of the country.
National Museum of Haiti is “Musee du Pantheon.” Monuments that exhibit the heroes who fight for independence are placed there. Also, the architecture and design of the museum purely depict Tiano native’s traditions and culture. It has exhaustive information regarding Haiti’s independence, history, and culture. Also, it highlights the underlying facts and heroes who fought bravely for freedom.
Felix Leory is a national poet of Haiti born in 1912 to an educated family. Further, got education from the French school. He had two sons and a daughter. He initially taught in the capital of Haiti after returning to the US. He could write in Creole; even he had a vast experience of French. He was appointed as a minister of education in Haiti. He translated many famous books of French and English to Creole.
Football is a game mostly played in Haiti. Haiti has many clubs and associations for football. Fortunately, football is growing popularly in Haiti, and it has the privilege to be the 2nd team of Caribbean to appear for the football world cup. It is clearly shown that Haiti has a good future in sport football. The game is promoted and played in both national and international level. Every street has its football club in Haiti where children play and practice. Apart from this, soccer is also played in Haiti as a side game now. But football is most preferable by youth.
Although Haiti has many national parks, two among them are the most famous parks name “la visite” and “pic macaya.” Park la visite has a mountain of peak 2275 meters and spread to an area of 11,419 hectors. The park is situated in the capital of the country, port a prince and it is established in the year 1983. The park has many beautiful birds of various unique breeds. Moreover, the park authority is also preventing the endangered species from saving them from extinction.
Haiti never declared any of its trees as an official tree, but palm tree held great importance for them. As it is on the shield of their flag too, which states they perceive palm tree as a national guard, who protect them from evil and enemies. It is vividly seen on the flag’s shield that two men are standing in the shade of palm tree means they are seeking shelter from rivals and of blessing from God.
National flower of Haiti is “hibiscus,” which mostly grows in shrubs on trees of warm part of the world. The flower is very captivating and beautiful and attracts many birds and bees towards itself to get nectar. It has many colors, including white, red, purple, and pink.
Moreover, it is also used in medicinal purposes for making herbal medicines and is very useful in treating diarrhea and inflammation as it is antibacterial by nature. Also, it is used to treat boils, tumors, burns, and pimples too. People in Haiti also uses the concentration of this flower in juices, tea, jams, syrups, and flavoring.
The national bird of Haiti is “Hispaniolan trogon.” It is solely found in Caribbean else, it cannot be found at any part of the world. They have a specific habitat in which they live, without that environment and climate they could not survive. They need moist, dry tropical areas within the forest. These birds have vibrant colors, smaller feet, and long tails. Its lower part is of grey and red the color, and upper part, which includes face, is greenish. Moreover, on its tail, it has white and greyish stripes.
Whereas, male and female have slightly physical difference as female has comparatively thinner stripes on her tail as male has. The feed they consume is insects and plants. On the other hand, the bird is quite sensitive to its habitat and only live in the forest as the deforestation is increasing day by day in Haiti. There is more danger of extinction to this species. Also, the species is a victim of hunting too, which shows that soon the species might note as threatened species.
National fruit in Haiti is “mango,” as it is the most consumed fruit in Haiti. Also, there are other fruits too that grow in Haiti, which include avocados, banana, guava, grapefruit, gooseberries, and pineapples. As the climate of Haiti is, dry, so every kind of fruit could grow there easily. All these fruits are found commonly in Haiti. Also, Haiti exports these fruits too, which means these fruits are produced in a large amount in Haiti. Mangoes are very refreshing fruit and one of the most demanding fruit of the world.
The national dish of Haiti is “rice and beans,” and it is named as “riz national” made in combination with soup contains potatoes, meat, and tomato. This dish has a unique flavor, which differentiates it from other cuisines of the island. As it is prepared with various aromatic spices and herbs. The gravy of the dish varies occasion to occasion, but rice remains constant such as they sometimes present the dish with pork meat or kidney, etc. They mostly prefer saucy dishes made with the use of spices, garlic, peppers, and ginger.
Haiti’s national drink is “alcohol” and is drunk at parties, occasions, and festivals commonly. Haiti has the world’s renowned rum company who exports alcoholic drinks all over the world. The company exports one of the most demanding and finest alcoholic beverages and internationally praised due to its taste a class. Another alcoholic poplar drink in Haiti is “cremas,” made by coconut cream, milk, and rum also to delicious species. Moreover, juices are also frequently consumed in Haiti, as the climate is tropical, so most of the juices consumed are guava, mango, grapefruits, and many others.
Haiti spends 12 national holidays in a year, which includes the New Year, Independence Day, ancestry day, carnival, Flag Day, Dessalines day, soul’s day, saint’s day, Battle day, discovery day and Christmas. All day held equal importance in their lives as these all days remind them about their struggle, fight, misery, and independence. All these days are related to their freedom and independence. As in ancestry day, they pay regards to those beloved ancestors who died while fighting for the independence of this soil; Labour Day reminds them of the brutality they have faced in the name of racism and slavery. Battle day refresh the history in their minds when they finally got freedom from French and procured a territory free from racism and any discrimination and Flag Day portrays their flag creation and their educational system importance.
Haiti GDP is 8.048, which is not considered so good as countries nowadays are developing and earning vastly. However, Haiti faces severe loss of lives as well as the economy in the earthquake of 2010. Its capital income is 250 dollar, which is quite less as compared to Americans average income. You can say it is one-tenth part of Americans earnings. It is estimated that 80% of pollution in Haiti from rural areas are facing poverty.
Haiti has no as such tourism industry, and its most income source is agriculture. Due to unemployment in Haiti, crimes are getting stronger as crimes such as murder, robbery, or target killing is seen everywhere in Haiti. Haiti government failed to stable the crisis of country and unemployment is rising issue of state.