The national or independence day of Ghana is officially declared as a holiday for its citizens. It was proclaimed as a holiday in 1957. It is joyfully commemorated annually on March 6. This day brought about the endorsement of emancipation of Ghana from the United Kingdom. The meeting of independence from UK was held by Prime Minister Kwame Nkrumah. Ghana is known for being for being the first ever African country to have been able to achieve independence from the UK.
The national and officially declared anthem of Ghana is ‘God Bless Our Homeland Ghana’. This anthem was formulated by Philip Gbeho and was chosen as a national anthem in 1957. However, the contemporarily used anthem was composed by a student named Michael Kwame Gbordzoe and it was pledged upon in 1970s.
Ghana National Anthem Video And Download link:
Ghana National Anthem Audio And Download link:
The official flag of Ghana was embraced in 1957 until shortly afterward when it flew away and then it was reinstalled in its former place in 1966. The flag is designed out of several Pan-African colors like red, gold, and green with horizontal ongoing stripes. It also has a black pentagonal star in midst of three stripes and is positioned on the golden stripe. The current national flag of Ghana is the second one followed by the flag of Ethiopian Empire. The creation and the concept of the design of this flag is credited to Theodosia Okoh.
The most significant emblem of Ghana is the ‘Coat of Arms’ or ‘okyeame’ which depicts the customary dominance and power of Ghana; a castle thieving on the sea. This symbol also has a sword embossed on it. This emblem was officially incepted on March 4, 1957 by Elizabeth II and was formulated by Amon Kotei who is known as a Ghanaian Artist. This symbol is a blue shield which has been portioned into four parts by a sign of cross with a golden pointed edge. In the midst of the sign of cross there is a golden lion derived from UK, Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The golden lion is carved in the midst of the cross and it usually portrays the close connection between Ghana to the wealthy riches and the black pentagonal star which portrays independence is also there on the top most part of the shield. On the top of the national emblem of Ghana there are two golden eagles which bear the origin of the scheme of Ghana, ‘Freedom and Justice’.
The Capital of Ghana
The capital city of Ghana is known to be Accra. This city covers an area of 173 kilometers square. A survey confirmed, in 2012, that Accra had estimated residents of 2.27 million. However in 2017 it varied and fluctuation and the population rode up to 28.83 million. In 2012 Accra was considered to be the country’s most densely populated city. This city is situated near the Atlantic coast, with its interior expansions leading to the north. The climate of Accra is characterized by Tropical Savanna. The midst of Accra is dense; however rest of the city falls in all the possible directions.
The official currency of Ghana is Ghanaian cedi and has its code known as GHS. It is counted among the four ancient currencies. This currency is the only one in Ghana that can be exchanged in case of payments or a debt. A cedi can be split up into one hundred pesewas. After Ghana attained freedom from the rule of UK it also rid itself of the dependence from British West African Pound which was generated from the British colonies. Ghanaian pound was the first currency incepted after the independence from the UK, in 1958-1965. However, shortly afterward Ghana changed the regime and adopted Ghanaian cedi. The cedi replaced the obsolete British pound. Currently one cedi is equivalent to 0.15 Pound sterling.
The officially known national attire of Ghana is the smock and Kente cloth. The customary dress of Ghana is affiliated with the Kente. Kente is introduced by the Akan people and is purely handmade. It is a combination of cotton and silk and is only pulled up for traditional occasions. However, women casually dress in a short sleeved top and a long skirt, usually vivid colors and big designs. A Ghanaian smock is a handmade loomed dress which has both dyed and undyed looms. It is usually worn by men and in ancient era by kings. The smock’s neckline is embellished with embroidery and it is usually worn with either a red kufi cap or a red fez hat.
The national colors of Ghana are the same as that in the flag of Ghana. They are as follows: red, yellow and green.
There is no officially proclaimed poet of Ghana, however, one who is widely known and referred to as the most famous Ghanaian poet is Kofi Awoonar. His work is known for condensing and compiling the conventional poetry of his fellow citizens, Ewe people. He also brought forward the religious poetry as a subject to give an overview of Africa and also served as an ambassador of Africa during ‘decolonization’. Most of his writings are produced using the name of George Awooner-Williams, but others were promulgated as Kofi Nyidevu Awoonor. He was born on March 13, 1935, in Wheta, Ghana. He died on September 21, 2013 in Nairobi, Kenya. He had received his education from both the universities of Ghana and London. Kofi is the author of one of the famous books ‘This Earth, My Brother’.
The national airline of Ghana was Ghana International Airlines which was dismissed on 13 May 2010. However, it first embarked its operations on July 15, 1958. The operations of the airline were terminated in 2004 by USA on account of investigations to take place because of the possible risk of vulnerability to the passengers because this airline was using an obsolete license which the USA repudiated and openly denounced. Consequently, soon after the GIA ceased its operations.
The national museum of Ghana is situated in Accra, the capital of Ghana. It is one of the most significant and oldest museums among the six other Ghanaian ones. It was established in on March 5, 1957, however, it was not until 2002 when it was entirely furnished and completed. The opening ceremony of the museum was led by Duchess of Kent, Princess Marina and the honor of its first directed is credited to A.W. Lawrence. A few magnificent fragments of art, archeology and ethnography are preserved in this museum. A few sculptural pieces can also be found in here.
The Ghana Library Board was the first public library to be endorsed as national and it came into being in 1950. It rendered an example to other libraries of that time. The Sam Jonah Library and University of Cape Coast are considered one of the most important libraries in Ghana.
The national stadium of Ghana is known to be Accra sports Stadium previously named as Ohene Djan Stadium is a multipurpose stadium serving 39,800 seats to its guests. This stadium is also utilized for holding football matches. It was established in 1952 and was designed by Alexander Georgiev Barev. It was later revamped and refurbished in 2007. It has the maximum volume of 40,000.
Football is the foremost national game of Ghana. Ghana was successful to reach the quarter final level during World cup match. It was, in fact, the third African country to have been able to make up to the quarter final. The national Ghana football team, also known as Black Satellites, is Ghana’s most prominent team. It made up to quarter final twice, once in Cameroon in 1990 and later in Senegal in 2002.
There is no any source yet found confirming the national river of Ghana, however, there a few major rivers of Ghana. Tano River is counted among the fifth longest river in Ghana and its length is estimated to be 400 kilometers or 249 miles. The river is located around Techiman in Ghana and it rushes towards Ehy Lagoon and the Tendo Lagoon both of which are in Ghana. The minority group of Ghana has a conviction that the Akan God, Taakora, resides at the origin of the Tano River.
Followed by Tano River is Oti River which is also known as Pendjari and it is counted as the fourth lengthiest rivers with an estimated length of 520 kilometers or 323 miles. This river embarks it journey from Burkina Faso and then rushes through Benin and Togo, to the east of Ghana. The White Volta River is among the third lengthiest rivers with a capacity of 885 kiometers or 550 miles. It begins from the north of Burkina Faso’s and then goes along it until it arrives at its destination, Lake Volta reservoir. Followed by it is the Black Volta River which is known as the second lengthiest river with a capacity of 1352 kilometers or 840 miles. It begins it journey from Burkina Faso and rushes to the north and east and then southwards. It is a source of generating hydro-electricity. Lastly, the longest river of Ghana is Volta River with an estimated length of 1599 kilometers or 994 miles. The water gushing through it is directly deposited into the Atlantic Ocean. It also serves as a means of transport through water and helps generate electricity.
The most elevated mountain of Ghana is Mount Afadja having a height of 2887 feet. In the Ewe dialect it is known as ‘Afadjoto’. The highest point of this mountain is situated on Togo which is in the Volta Region of Ghana. This mountain is originally located in Hoehoe Municipal District, Volta Region, Ghana. It also serves the nearby residents or tourists as a hiking spot.
Ghana has seven national parks in all. The Bia National Park and biosphere reserve which is situated in Ghana’s Western Region. It covers an area of 563 kilometers. This park serves as a habitat to several endangered species. Followed by it is a Bui National Park which was incepted in 1971. It encompasses an area of 1820 square kilometers. This park inhabits a tremendous amount of hippopotamuses in the Black Volta. Then comes the Digya National Park which covers an area of 3743 square kilometer and it is considered as the second biggest park. It is situated in the Brong-Ahafo Region of Ghana.
It is a habitat of more than 236 species. It is also a homeland of elephants, manatees, clawless otters, and more. Then comes Kakum National Park which covers an area of 375 square kilometers and it is located in Ghana’s Central Region. It achieved the status of a national park in 1992. Around 266 or more species inhabit this park. Followed by it is Kyabobo National Park which covers an area of 360 kilometers. It is situated on Ghana’s border with Togo in the Volta Region of the country. It was incepted in 1997. This park is a homeland of 500 or more butterflies and other wildlife like elephants, duiker’s, waterbuck, and African Buffalo. Mole National Park is the most significant and largest national park of Ghana. It is located to the northwest side of Ghana.
It encompasses an area of 4840 kilometers. It is a foremost tourist spot. Much wildlife can be found in this park besides a lot of birdlife approximately 344 inhabit this area. At last comes the Nini-Suhien National Park which covers an area of 160 square kilometers. It came into being in 19976. It is considered as a part of the Ankasha Conversation Area.
The national zoo of Ghana is Kumasi Zoo which is located in the heart of Kumasi in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. This zoo encompasses an area of 1.5 square kilometers. It was incepted in 1951 and officially started in 1957 under the consent of Asanteman Council to render a habitat to wildlife and to maintain nature in its original form.
The Kakum National Park is situated in the coastal environs of the Central Region of Ghana and occupies an area of 375 square kilometers. It was incepted in 1931, originally as a reserve. It was officially declared as a national park in 1992 and it also bears around it a tropical forest. It consists of many distinctive species like fauna, flora and wildlife such as Diana monkey, the yellow-backed duiker and the African elephant.
The widely known tree of Ghana is the ‘Big Tree’ botanically known as ‘Tieghemela heckle’ and it thrives in the forests of Akim Oda in Ghana’s Eastern region. The incredible elevation and size of this tree staggers people who believe that this tree bears enigmatic, ulterior and supernatural powers. As well as, these people often bring gifts and offer sacrifices in the name of this tree.
The national flower of Ghana is considered to be a dry-season bloom which is found in the Mole National Park.
The national animal of Ghana is also displayed on the national emblem of Ghana which embodies its commonwealth and potency. It is a massive Tawny Eagle, also known as, Aquila rapax, a huge bird that inhabits savannas and desserts of Ghana.
The national fruit of Ghana is Ackee originated from its actual name Ankye and is derived from the Twi language of Ghana. Another name of this fruit is ‘Blighia Sapida’ and it was originally this name to give a special status and honor to Capital William who is credited to have brought plants of this fruit from Jamaica to England in 1973. This fruit supports digestion, prevent constipation, controls blood pressure as well as diabetes, ensures smooth running and efficient manipulation of heart and augments protein potency and also makes the bones healthier and stronger.
There is a diverse range of vegetables that grow in Ghana. However, the widely grown ones are tomato (Lyco-persicon esculetum), onion (Allium cepa), shallots (Allium escalonicum), okra(Hibiscus esculentus), egg plant(Solanum melongena), local spinach (Amaranthus spp), Indian or Gambian spinach (Basella alba), sweet and chill pepper (Capsicum annuum), and hot pepper (C. frutescens).
The national dish of Ghana is Fufu and often referred to as a starchy side dish. It adds delight to other saucy dishes. It is also widely consumed all over west and Central Africa. This dish requires ingredients like plantains, cassava, or malanga. Another popular Ghanaian dish is Omo Tuo or rice balls and it is conserved in its original recipe to date.
The most popular among the Ghanaian sweets is peanut brittle, also known as Nkate Cut, is a delightful combination of sweetness and nuts. Another one is condensed milk toffee. Followed by the former one is Ripe Plantain Cake. Then come pancakes, brukina is a creamy drink which is formulated from millet. Assana is another sugary drink which is liked by a wide range of Ghanaian people. Another drink that Ghanaian people virtually drool over is sobolo. Popsicles has a touch of ice cream to it which makes it scrumptious. At last, comes the strawberry fool, a dessert that Ghanaian people simply are obsessed with. It has cream and milk added to it with strawberries embellished on it.
The widely used drink in Ghana is Akpeteshie which is inherent to Ghanaian people from ages. This drink is made out of several components like distilling water either palm wine or sugar cane that can be correlated with the color of crystal; however, it has an intense intoxication.
A hint of a few national holidays of Ghana is as follows; New Year’s Day (January 01), Constitution Day (January 07), Independence Day (March 06), Good Friday (April 19), Easter Monday (April 22), Worker’s Day (May 01), African Union Day (May 25), Eid ul-Fitr (June 05), Republic Day (July 01), Founder’s Day (August 04), Eid-ul-Adha (August 12), Kwame Nkrumah Memorial Day (September 21), farmer’s Day (December 06), Christmas Day (December 25), Boxing Day (December 26).
The gross national income of Ghana is 129.4 billion PPP dollars and a survey that took place in 2017 confirmed this. Despite having the highest poverty figures Ghanaian economy has become competitive over the time because of inflation in cocoa and gold.