On 17 August 1960, Gabon gained its Independence from France and became an independent country. The official name of Gabon is the Gabonese Republic. It is situated on the West Coast of Africa. It has an area of nearly 270,000 square kilometers. Andi, its estimated population, is 2 million people. The festivities celebration of Independence Day usually lasts to two days. Gabon was settled from the fourteenth century by Bantu peoples.
Little is understood of social group life before European contact; however, social group art suggests a fashionable cultural heritage.
Gabon’s 1st confirmed European guests were Portuguese explorers and traders World Health Organization arrived within the late fifteenth century.
The Portuguese settled on the offshore islands of São Tomé, Príncipe, and Fernando Pó, but were regular visitors to the coast.
They named the African nation region when the Portuguese word gabão — a coat with sleeve and hood resembling the form of the Komo watercourse water.
The coast became a middle of the traffic.
Some Portuguese adventurers established themselves as rulers of areas in the African Nation. One of them was Ogandaga é Butu. He was the son of a Portuguese father. His mother was Gabonese. He dominated some islands on the coast, that area unit still controlled by his descendant Mbourou Eranga Yanelle Prunella. In 1839 and 1841, France established dominion over the coastal regions of Gabon by treaties with Gabonese coastal chiefs. American missionaries from New England established a mission at the mouth of the Komo watercourse in 1842. In 1849, the French authorities captured AN misappropriated ship and freed the captives on board.
The captives were discharged close to the mission station, wherever they supported a settlement that was known as national capital (French for “free town”). French explorers entered Gabon’s forests between 1862 and 1887. The most noted, Savorgnan Delaware Brazza, used Gabonese bearers and guides in his explore for the source of the Congo.
France occupied Gabon in 1885, however, failed to administer it till 1903. Gabon’s initial organization, the Jeunesse Gabonese, was supported around 1922. In 1910 Gabon became one in every of the four territories of the French Equatorial continent. On fifteen July 1960 France united to Gabon turning into absolute freelance. On seventeen August 1960, Gabon became a freelance.
The national anthem of Gabon is “La Concorde.” It was written and composed by Georges Aleka Damas. It was adopted when the country gained independence in 1960.
Gabon National Anthem Video Download Link:
Gabon National Anthem Audio Download Link:
The flag of Gabon is divided into three colors. The color bands are green, yellow, and blue. The colors of the flag represent cultural, regional, and political means. The yellow color represents the equator, which cuts across the country and also the sun. The color represents the natural resources and the huge forested area, and the blue represents the Atlantic Ocean, which along which the country is located.
The emblem shows two panthers supporting the shield, which represents cautiousness and courage of the president. The three golden discs in the shield show the mineral wealth of the country, the ship at the lower part represents Gabon moving towards a bright future. The green represents the dense forest, whereas, yellow, the sun; blue, the sea; and black, the people of Africa. The Okoumé tree symbolizes the timber trade. The coat of arms has unusually two ribbons with the mottos in two languages. The ribbon below the shield has a motto in French “UNION, TRAVAIL, JUSTICE” means (unity, work, justice). The second under the branches of the okoumé tree is in Latin “UNITI, PROGREDIEMUR” means (We shall go forward united).
The official language of Gabon is French. Whereas 32% of people speak Fang. French is the official and national language of Gabon, but Fang is the most popular language in Gabon.
Capital of the Nation
The capital and the largest city of Gabon is Libreville. The city is on the port of Komo River. The population of Libreville is 703,904. Libreville International flying field is the largest flyingfield in the African country. National Taxi operates around the city. Each district has the color for its taxis and Libreville’s red. Libreville’s main market is located in Mount-Bouët. Gabon’s college of administration and college of law square measure in Libreville. There is a university, many research institutes, and a library is also located in Libreville. There are also several high-end international schools in Libreville. The city is home to the shipbuilding industry, brewing industry, and sawmills. The city additionally exports staple like wood, rubber, cocoa from the city’s main port, and the deepwater port at Owendo.
Central African CFA Franc are the national currencies of Gabon. Central African CFA Franc is used in six African countries.
Western clothing is worn in urban areas with women wearing modern dresses and skirts in traditional African colors. The traditional and national clothing of Gabon is boubou. It is an African garment worn by men and women in West Africa and parts of Central Africa. The boubou consists of 3three things a long-sleeved shirt, holdup trousers that narrow at the ankle, and an open-stitched overflowing wide sleeveless robe worn over these two. They are usually made of silk and cotton. A woman’s boubou is differed from a man’s boubou by the fact that it is made of a wrapper at the bottom, and a large overflowing gown at the top to top it all off.
The national colors of Gabon are the three colors present in the flag of Gabon. These colors are green, yellow, and blue.
Some famous poets of Gabon are Peggy Lucie Auleley, Rene Maran, Maurice Okoumba-Nkoghe.
National Airways African country was associate airline primarily based in Libreville. It only operated Passenger services. And rebranded in 2009 as Nationale Regionale Transport. The airline is in the list of air carriers banned in the European Union.
Gabon has three museums, which are located in Libreville. National Museum Arts and Traditional are very famous for its huge collection of cultural masks, carved stones, and tribal crafts. The museum is one of the topmost destinations in Libreville. It provides with a good insight of Gabonese traditions and art very well. The second one is the French Cultural Centre. It is the venue for musicals, exhibits, recitals, and conferences as well. Festivals and concerts are also held there. The third is the Gabon National Museum. It is home to many Gabonese artifacts, collections of masks, sculptures, carvings and art pieces. It is, additionally, a venue for gallery exhibits and cultural events.
The National Library of Gabon was founded in 1969. It is located in Libreville.
Stade Omar Bongo is the multi-purpose stadium in Libreville, Gabon. The stadium has a capacity of 41,000 people. It was named after Omar Bongo, the President of Gabon from 1967 to 2009.
The national sport of Gabon is football. The Gabon National Football team is also known as Les Pantheres, which means The Panthers. They also received a few honors such as UDEAC Championship, and CEMAC Cup (2013) and was runner up in the events of 1989 and 2007 as well.
The Ogooué River is the principal river of Gabon. It is 1,200 kilometers long. It is the fourth largest river in Africa. The river is also known as Ogowe.
Mount Iboundji is a famous mountain located in Gabon. It is the highest point of the country with an altitude of 1,575 meters.
Lopé National Park is a national park in Central Gabon. The park also contains a small research center named as Mikongo. There also exists infrastructures to cater the tourists, including chalets and a large open-air dining room. Cristal Mountains National Park is a twin park, one of the famous parks of Gabon. It is situated in the Monts de Crystal. Ivindo National Park is another famous of Gabon. It is located in East Central Gabon. It is very world famous for the spectacular Kongou and Mingouli waterfall of the Ivindo River, known as the wonders of Ivindo.
The Smithsonian Institution provides innovative research and conservation action through its Gabon Biodiversity Program. The 11,132,000 hectare Gamba Complex in Southwestern Gabon is rich in biodiversity. It is protecting many habitat types and species of concern including gorillas, forest elephants, and sea turtles.
Gabon’s forest which covers 70% of its land surface, 22,000,000 ha is forested. 65.2% is classified as Primary forest. It always supplied many of the necessities of life, including fuel and shelter. The forest contains more than 400 species of plants. In 1913, Okoumé, Gabon’s most valuable wood, was introduced to the industry. And the international market. Gabon is the largest exporter of raw wood, and its sale represents 20% of Africa’s raw exports. Forestry is second only to the petroleum sector in export earning; 319.4 million dollars in 2003.
Gabon supplies 90% of the world’s Okoumé, which makes excellent plywood and also produces hardwood like mahogany, kevazingo, and ebony. Other woods were estimated at four million cubic meters, with 132% used as fuel woods. Exploitation had been hampered, to some extent, by the inadequacy of transportation infrastructure, a deficiency now alleviated by the train Gabon Railway and ndjole-bitam highway. Reforestation has been continuously promoted, and selective thinning and clearing have prevented the okoumé from being forced out by other species. Logging concessions covering about 50,000 square kilometers, (19,000 sq. mi) have been granted by the government, with the development of the least accessible areas largely carried out by foreign firms.
Royal Poinciana is a rare, beautiful, and blooming tree. Flame tree is a common name used for it worldwide. It needs to be cultivated in a tropical or semi-tropical climate but can tolerate drought and salty conditions.
Delonix regia is a famous flower in Gabon. The petals of the flower are large, consists of four scarlet red-orange petals. The fifth petal is called the standard. It is slightly large and dotted with yellow and white.
The national animal of Gabon is Black Panther. Black Panther is a rare, fierce, fearless, powerful, and intelligent animal. Black Panthers roar like Leopards.
The famous bird of Gabon is Avifauna. Avifauna is also a rare bird. The other popular birds of Gabon are Coqui Francolin, red-necked spurfowl and many more.
Dacryodes edulis is a famous fruit of Gabon. It is also known as Atanga. Fruits grown are bananas, coconuts, guavas, limes, mangoes, oranges, papayas, and apples.
Cassava is a root vegetable, which is very famous in Gabon. Aubergines, plantains, peppers, squashes, taro, tomatoes, and yams.
The national dish of Gabo is Nyembwe Chicken. In this dish, the chicken is smoked. Nyembwe means palm oil in the Bantu language of Myene. It is also the national dish of the Republic of Mongo. It is
A traditional Banana Dessert is very famous throughout the country. Bananas are coated in breadcrumbs, that are lightly fried before being baked. It is usually served with sour cream and brown sugar.
The national drink of Gabon is Régab. Régab is the national beer of Gabon. Brewed in Gabon since 1966, most of the local drinks it. Régab is recognized throughout the country as the best local lager. It the one of the most famous drink in Africa.
The public holidays of Gabon are 1st January (New Year’s Day), 17th April (Women’s Day), 22nd April (Easter Monday), 1st May(Labor Day), 30th May (Ascension Day), 4th June (Eid ul Fitr), 1oth June (Whit Monday), 11th August (Eid al Adha), 15th August (Assumption Day), 16th August (Independence Day), 17th August ( Independence Day), 1st November (All Saint’s Day) and 25th December (Christmas Day).
The Gross National Income of Gabon is 34.45 billion PPP Dollars. The Gross Domestic Product of Gabon is 14.62 billion USD. Whereas GNI per Capita 17,010 PPP USD.