The national day of France is Bastille Day. Bastille is a common name given by English speaking countries to the national day of France. It is celebrated on 14 July each year. It is called la Fete Nationale in the French language. There was a turning point in the French revolution and also in Fete de la Federation, so they celebrated the unity of French people on 14 July 1790. On 14 July, a largest military parade is held in Europe. It is held in front of the President of the Republic in Paris. People enjoy this day in different ways. On 30 June 1878, a meal was arranged in honor of the French Republic in Paris.
On the other hand, another meal was arranged on 14 July 1879. It was a semi-formal meal arranged and organized by Leon Gambetta. This meal was arranged in honor of Storming of the Bastille.
The national anthem of France is ‘’ La Marseillaise’’. It is called ‘’La Marseillaise’’ because it was very popular among the army units of Marseille. Claude Joseph Rouget wrote the anthem in 1792 in Strasbourg. After it, it was titled as ‘’Chant de Guerre pour l’Armée du Rhin”. France adopted it as a national anthem in 1795. It is the 1st example of ‘’European march’’ in anthemic style. This song was also used a lot like a song of revolution in the nineteen century. This anthem was sung for the first time on April 24, 1792, and it was first sung during marching by volunteers. Nowadays only first chorus and first verse(sometimes 4th and 6th also ) are sung in France. This national anthem is also adopted in many musical works. Many poets and musician use their national anthem in their piece of work to encourage their nation.
France National Anthem Video And Download Link:
France National Anthem Audio And Download Link:
The national flag of France is a tricolor flag. It contains three perpendicular bands colored as blue, white and red. It is also known as French tricolor in the English countries. It was adopted as a national flag on 15 February 1794. Lafayette, Jacques-Louis David designed it. The tricolor is the most dominant flag in history. Many other countries copy its three-color scheme. In modern time two versions of the flag are used in France as a lighter and darker flag. Both versions are used equally in the country, but on digital displays, mostly lighter version of the flag is used. The lighter version was presented by President Valéry Giscard d’Estaing for specially televised governmental speeches. It is also used on state-building, public buildings, town halls, and the darker version is used in the barracks.
The French republic is using two emblems currently. In 1953, the French republic adopted a coat of arms on the request of the United Nations. It was a wide shield with a lion head on one end and the eagle head on the other end. There is an Olive branch which symbolizes peace and comfort. There is also an oak branch which represents wisdom in the people of France. The fasces on this emblem represents the exercise of justice. Robert Louis, a heraldic artist, was requested by a commission to produce a version of Chaplain design. Though it doesn’t have any legal status as an official coat of arms. It is placed on a French passport, and Foreign Ministry of France adopted it. It is used by diplomatic and consular missions which are using a design by sculptor Jules –Clement Chaplain.
Capital Of the Nation
The capital of France is Paris. By the end of 12 century, it became the political, cultural, religious, and economic capital of France. It is the most famous city in France. Its area is 105 square km. Its population is 2,140,526. Paris is famous for its fashion and Arts in the world. It is a major center of Europe for finance, science, diplomacy, and commerce. It had a GDP of 809 billion dollars in 2017. After Singapore, Paris is the second most expensive city in the world. Paris is also known as the city of lights. It is the most visited capital in the World. One of the world’s most beautiful monuments, Eiffel tower is also present in Paris. It is the most enchanting capital of Europe. Many people from all over the world gather there for shopping because of it the most famous in the world for its fashion and culture.
The national currency of France is Euro and CFP Franc. Euro is also the official currency of the European Union. The currency of 19 out of 28 member states is Euro. It the 2nd major and 2nd most dealt currency of the Foreign exchange market afterward United States dollar. It is divided into a hundred cents. Special territories of EU members also use this currency. Almost 242 million people in the world are dealing in Euro.
On the other hand, CFP Franc is only used in the states of France. It was introduced in 1945. The reason for introducing this currency was the weakness of French Franc during World War 2. In December 1945, when France approved the Bretton woods agreement, the French Franc was devaluated to set a fixed exchange rate with Us Dollar. In September 1949, CFP Franc was given a fixed exchange rate with the French Franc.
There is no national dress in France because it is divided into many different regions. Each region has a traditional dress and very different from each other. The only common thing among these regions is that the men wear pants, women wear skirts, and both wear hats or caps of different styles on their heads. Today, regional cultural dresses are worn by French people on just events and celebrations. Women’s dress includes flared white bonnets or the costume with elbow-length sleeves. It is thought that men’s costumes were similar to Indians. All women wear caps on their head, whereas the skirts are hardly down the mid of their legs. They wear a shoe like Finnish women often with heels. They wore a silver cross hanging down the breast.
The national color of France is red, white, and blue. These colors are also the color of the national flag of France. The flag was formed during the French revolution. These three colors represent the nobility(blue) bourgeois(red) and clergy(white.). These are the states of the old regime in France. This color represents the value of the French revolution. i:e brotherhood, equality, Democracy, and liberty.
The national poet of France are Victor Hugo and Charles Baudelaire. Charles Baudelaire was born on 9 April 1821 and died in 1867. He had also done a noticeable work as an art critic and as a novelist. His famous work includes a book in which he through light on the changes in nature in Paris in the mid-19th century. The title of this book was Les Fleurs du mal. On the other, the second national poet of France was Victor Hugo. He was born on Feb 26, 1802, and died on 22 May 1885. He was considered as the greatest and best writer in France. Outside France, he wrote some famous novels as ‘’ Les Miserables’’ in 1862, and The Hunchback of Notre-Dame in 1831. In France, he was famous for his poetry such as Les Contemplations and La Legende des siècles. He wrote a play and Drama in Romantic literacy movement.
The national airline of France is Air France. It is the secondary of Air France-KLM. It is the founding member of Sky Team global airline. It functioned 36 destinations in France operates the worldwide schedule of the passengers. Its cargo service complete 168 destinations in 78 countries. They carried almost 46,803,000 passengers in 2015. The global hub of this airline is at Charles de Gaulle Airport, and its primary hub is Orly Airport. The corporate headquarter of Air France is located at Charles De Gaulle Airport in the north of Paris. It was formed in 1933 by the union of four different Airports including Air Orient, Air Union, CINDA and SGTA. It is one of the three main airlines operating in Germany war from 1950 to 1990. It also served as the primary national flag carrier in seven decades on its Merger with KLM. It is the world largest airline in the world.
The national museum of France is the National Museum of Natural History. In French, it is known as the Museum national d’histoire Naturelle. It is also a part of Sorbonne University. The main museum is located on the left bank of the Seine river in Paris, France. It was established during the French revolution in 1793. Nowadays there are 14 sites of this museum in France from which four are situated in Paris. There are many other famous museums in France which are very famous in the aspect of history. These museums include an Army museum. It is also the national military museum of France. It is located in Les Invalides. It was established in 1905 when musee d’Artillerie and teahe muse Historique de I’Armee merge. This museum contains the collection from antiques through the 20th century.
The national library of France is ( BnF). It is situated in the capital of France, Paris. This library resources everything that is published in France. The present president of this library is Bruno Racine. The origin of this library is the Royal Library at Louvre Palace made by Charles V in 1368. Charles received a collection of scripts from his predecessor, John 2. He transferred these scripts to Louvre from Palais de la Cite. The first librarian of this library was Claude Mallet. Charles V was a fan of learning. He encourages people who make books and also encourage the collection of books. He hired many people to translate the ancient text. Duke of Bedford was the first guy after the death of Charles V who bought his first collection. He transferred it to England in 1424. Many treasures were lost when this collection was transferred to Paris.
The national stadium of France is Stade De France. It is situated in Saint-Denis in the north of Paris. It is the 18th largest stadium in Europe. The seating capacity of this stadium is 80,698. This stadium is also used for international competition by the national football team of France and by the French rugby union team. It is the largest stadium in Europe for track and field events. The running track of this stadium is mostly hidden under football pitch. Michel Platini recommended the name of the stadium. He was the head of organizing a committee. FIFA World Cup of b1988 was played in this stadium in which France won the match from Brazil by 3-0. In the future, this stadium will host and closing and opening ceremony of 2024 Summer Olympics. This stadium will also host the 2023 Rugby World Cup matches. This stadium also hosted many French domestic Cup’s finals.
The national game of France is Football. It is the most popular sports in France. The number of the licensed layer in France is 1,993,272. At the end of the 19th century, this sports was imported from England under the name of association football. In early days this game was only played in France and the northern areas of the country. The first two teams that were created outside Paris were Nord-pas-de-Calais and Normandy. At that time Rugby was more played than football in France. The first league for association football by France was league 1. It was the first professional football competition in France, and it was the top division of football League system of France. The first knock-out cup in French football was Coupe De France. France will also host the 2019 women’s FIFA World Cup.
The national river of France is The Seine river. The length of this river is 777 km. It is the main source of water in the Paris Basin in the north of France. It rises in Dijon in Langres plateau in the northeast of France. Its whole length is available for boating. In Paris, excursion boats deal with sightseeing tours. The bank of the river is lined with many monuments like Notre-Dame, the Louvre museum, Musee d’Orsay and Eiffel Tower. The average depth of this river in Paris is 9.5 meters. To raise the level of water, locks have been installed in the 1800s. In the past, the river was very shallow most of the time. It consisted of small channels. Sandy banks bound these channels. Now the depth of the river is controlled. The average flow of the river is very low. It is only a few cubic meters per second. A significant increase in water level may occur during the days of heavy runoff.
The national mountain of France is Mont blanc. The meaning of the Mont Blanc is ‘’White Mountain’’. It is the highest mountain in the Alps. It is the highest mountain in Europe in the west of the Caucasus peak of Georgia and Russia. Its height is 4,808 m above sea level. It is the 11th highest mountain in the world. This mountain is present in the range that is called Grain Alps. This range is present between the regions of Aosta Valley, Italy, and Savoie, France. This mountain is present on the watershed line between Valley of Veny in Italy and the valley of Arve in France. This is the border between Italy and France. In 2015, The Prime Minister of Italy expressed many claims on the territory. This mountain is very famous for healthy activities like climbing, hiking, trail running, winter sports and also for snowboarding.
There is no specific national park of France. However, there are ten National natural parks in Great France. One of these famous parks in the Vanoise national park. This park is present in Southeastern France. It is the oldest national park in entire France. This park extends towards Italy, so it is the largest protected area in Western Europe.
This park is situated near Mont Blanc, which is the highest mountain in Europe. This park contains many formations of sandstone, schist, and limestone. Marmots, ibex, and Chamois are the animals which are present here. One can also do trekking in 310 miles well routes in the park. It covers the total area of 130,565 acres. The other one is the Pyrenees national park. This park is located beside the border of Spain and France. It is also a mountainous region which offers hiking, climbing, and many more other outdoor activities for the tourist.
There is no specific national zoo of France. There are many zoos in France which are famous for their many different species of animals. There are three main zoos in France which include La Palmyre Zoo. It is present in a huge forest of pine. It is present at the Atlantic coast of France.it was established by Claude Caille in 1966. There are almost 115 species of mammals, birds, and reptiles. Almost 1600 animals are present in this zoo. The second most famous zoo in France is Zoo Parc de Beauval. This zoo is located in the middle of France. There are almost 5700 animals of 590 different species. It was once voted as the 15 most beautiful zoos in the whole world. Last year 900,000 people visited this Zoo. The third most famous zoo in France is Zoo d’Amneville. It is situated near the border of Germany. The area of this zoo is 17 acres, and almost 2000 animals of 300 different species are present in this zoo.
French national forest is the national forest of France. It is the forest that is owned by France. National Board of Forestry manages this forest. This is the first state-national natural forest in France whose management is controlled much rigorously under the national forestry law. In France, there are almost 1300 natural forests. The area of these forests is 1,800,000 hectare. The original royal forests were in the area of 690,000 hectares. The state of France removed 348,000 hectares of forests during the Revolution. Since 1914, 209,000 hectares were acquired from private forests. Forest are the main source of wood and many other industrial usage things like Paper, rubber, etc. It is the main source of wood all over the world. In the modern world, there is an increase in the use of wood in construction projects, which is a very dangerous fact for the forests and also for the life of animals in the forest.
The national tree of France is Taxus baccata. It is the native tree of south and western
Europe. It is also known as Yew. It is also known as a European Yew. In German, it is known as Eibe while in Iran this tree is known as Sorkhadar, which means red tree. This yew tree is among the 30 species of its family. It is small to the medium-sized tree. It is an evergreen tree. It grows from 10 to 20 m. Its trunk is up to two meters around. Its bark is scaly brown and thin. Its leaves are flat and dark green. Its leaves are poisonous. The age of this tree is 400 to 600 years. There are ten yew trees in Britain which believed that they predate the 10th century. Its potential age is impossible to determine accurately. This tree can split under the weight of growth without ascending to the disease of fracture as other trees do. It also gives rise to the basal shoots from the cut surface even at an old age.
The national flower of France is Iris flower. These are the beautiful garden plants. The meaning of the iris is Rainbow. There are many colors of iris, including blue, pink, purple, white, and yellow. It has almost 200 species, and it is the native plant of north temperate regions of the world. Their habitat also varies a lot. Some of them grow in deserts, some grow in swaps, some grows in the far north areas, and many of them grow in the temperate climates. There are two main types of irises include bearded iris and Siberian iris. It belongs to kingdom Plantae. It belongs to the class of Liliopsida. Its flowers are considered as the symbol of communication and message. Iris is the best-known garden flower. This flower is used on a large scale on the festive and events all over the world. This flower is a sign of happiness and love among the people.
The national animal of France is a rooster. Rooster is also known as cock. He is an adult male chicken. Oddly cocks don’t have a penis. They transfer sperm to female by cloacal contact in a movement known as ‘’ cloacal kiss’’. Rooster is polygamous, but he is unable to guard several nests of the egg at the same time. He looks after the main area where his hens are laying eggs, and he attacks the roosters who tries to enter his territory. At day time they often sat on some height to look after their group fellows. He sounds an alarm if a predator is near and this alarm is continuous if a predator tries to enter his territory. Rooster crowing contest is a cultural sport in many countries like Japan, Indonesia, United States, Belgium, and Netherland.
The national bird of France is Gallic Rooster… He is an adult male chicken. Oddly cocks don’t have a penis. They transfer sperm to female by cloacal contact in a movement known as ‘’ cloacal kiss’’. At day time they often sat on some height to look after their group fellows. He sounds an alarm if a predator is near and this alarm is continuous if a predator tries to enter his territory. Rooster crowing contest is a cultural sport in many countries like Japan, Indonesia, United States, Belgium, and Netherland.
There is not any specific national fruit of France. They have a large scale fruit production mainly consist of Apples, Grapes, Cherries, and pears. They produce more than 10 lac tons of apples every year. There are almost 400 wild trees of cherry growing in many regions in France. France is the number one producer of wine in the world. Every year they produce more than 7 billion bottles of wine.
There is no specific national vegetable of France. The vegetables used in France are very similar to that of North America. French mostly like to use Endive, Fennel, shallot, and leeks. Some vegetables are very special in France called as AOC. These vegetables have a special quality, and these vegetables have a pure taste. Culturally, most French people grow their vegetables in family gardens. This family garden is called as a potager. You can still find some gardeners who worked on the land near towns. And they sell their products at the open-air market of the town. Smaller-scale production always produces tastier vegetables.
The national dish of France is pot-au-feu. This is a type of dish which provides both as boiled meat and vegetables and a soup. It is much more energetic than any other food. This dish started in the 12th century. Culturally it is served with nutmeg and marrow which is spread on toasted bread. After its meat and vegetables are served with salt and Dijon mustard, horseradish sauce and also sometimes pickled in vinegar.
The national dish of France is Clafoutis. It is also called as clafouti in many Anglophone countries. It is a baked French dessert of fruits, culturally topped with black cherries. It is mostly arranged in a buttered dish, and then it is covered with a thick batter. Then it is dusted with powdered sugar and served with cream. It contains pits of cherries in it. It also contains a small quantity of Amygdalin, it creates cyanide, but it is not toxic if it is used in a small amount just for a flavor.
The national drink of France is Pastis. It is an anise-flavored liquid and aperitif. It is a drink having a strong taste, and it contains 100g/l sugar and 40 to 50% alcohol by volume. It was used in a large quantity in the past, but nowadays its use becomes very less. Now the drinks groups are trying to improve the slow sales of pastis by recasting it as a trending long summer drink.
The national holiday of France is on 14 July. This is the Bastile day of France. Bastille is a common name given by English speaking countries to the national day of France. It is celebrated on 14 July each year. It is called la Fete Nationale in the French language. There was a turning point in the French revolution and also in Fete de la Federation, so they celebrated the unity of French people on 14 July 1790. On 14 July, a largest military parade is held in Europe. It is held in front of the President of the Republic in Paris. The other holidays include New Year’s Day, Labor’s Day and also some more holidays are available to French People all over the year.
The national income of France is 2.934 trillion PPP dollars. Gross national product of France was reported at 28,39.874 USD. In 2019 France became the 5th largest economy of the world.