Independence Day of Djibouti is observed on 27 June each year. It is a national holiday in Djibouti. This day is celebrated to mark the declaration of independence of Djibouti from France. On 8th May 1977, an independence referendum was held in the French Territory of the Afars and the Issas as well as elections for a Constituent Assembly. Independence Day celebrations include flag-raising ceremonies, cultural events, parades, playing patriotic songs, decorating shops of windows in the blue, green, white color and the red star of Djiboutian flag.
Djibouti is the national anthem of Djibouti. It is called “Gabuuti” in Afar and “Jabuuti” in Somali language. The Djibouti national anthem was adopted upon independence from France in 1977. The words of anthem are in Somali language. It was written by Aden Elmi. The melody of national anthem was composed by Abdi Robleh. The national anthem was first played first time at the independence ceremony of Djibouti on June 27, 1977. The first few lines of national anthem of Djibouti translated in English go as:
“Arise with strength! For we have raised our flag,
The flag which has cost us dear
With extremes of thirst and pain.
Our flag, whose colors are the everlasting green of the earth”
Djibouti National Anthem Video And Download Link:
Djibouti National Anthem Audio And Download Link:
The national anthem of Djibouti is composed of horizontal bi-color of light blue and light green color. It has a white isosceles triangle at the hoist that has a red star in center. This national flag was adopted by Djibouti on 27 June 1977 after the country got independence from France colonization.The light blue color symbolizes the Sky and Issa Somalis of country. The green color is used to represent the everlasting green of the earth and Afar people of country. Red star in the white triangle symbolizes unity.
The national emblem of Djibouti was adopted after getting independence from France. It was adopted on 27 June 1977. The emblem was made by Hassan Robleh. It is bordered with laurel branches on the sides. There is a vertical spear in this perimeter, which has a shield in front. Two hands rise away from the spear under the shield. Both hands carry a large machete. The two hands represent the main two ethnic groups of the nation: the Afar and Issa. On top of spear there is a red star. The star represents the unity among Issa and Afar peoples. A Djibouti law is establishes the seal and states its significance, that is also translated into English
Djibouti has two official languages namely Arabic and French. Arabic is of great religious importance. It consists of Modern Standard Arabic in formal settings. Around 59,000 local people speak this Ta’izzi-Adeni Arabic dialect; it is also called Djibouti Arabic. French is inherited from the colonial period of Djibouti. It is the primary language of instruction in country. More than 17,000 Djibouti people speak it as first language. Immigrant languages include Omani Arabic that has about 38,900 speakers in country. Amharic language has 1,400 speakers and Greek language has 1,000 speakers.
Capital of Djibouti
Djibouti city is the capital of Djibouti. It is also largest city of Djibouti. It is located at coastal Region on the Gulf of Tadjoura.
It is also called the Pearl of the Gulf of Tadjoura because of its location. Djibouti City is positioned near the busiest shipping lanes of the world. It also acts as refuel and transshipping center. The Port of Djibouti is the main maritime port for imports to as well as exports from neighboring country Ethiopia. The headquarters of most international organizations,non-profit organizationsand companies are located in this city. This City has a population of around 529,000 inhabitants that amount to about 70% of the country’s total population. This city was founded in 1888 by the French, on land leased from Somali and Afar Sultans. It served as the capital of French Somali and and its successor of the Afars and Issas during the ensuing period.
Djiboutian franc is the currency of Djibouti. Its ISO 4217 currency code is DJF. Historically, it was subdivided into 100 centimes. Banknotes were introduced in denominations of 5, 20 and 100 francs from 1910 to 1915. Chamber of Commerce notes are introduced in 1919 and 5, 10 and 50 centimes and 1 franc were denominated. The value of the French franc declined after World War I due to which 500 and 1000 franc banknotes to be introduced in 1927 and 1938. 10 franc notes were introduced in 1946.
Western clothing including jeans and a t-shirt is widely been adopted in Djibouti. Men wear a sarong-like garment called macawiis that goes around the waist. Traditional women in Djibouti wear Dirac that is a long diaphanous voile dress. It is lightweight and airy dress made from polyester and cotton. It is worn over a half slip. Married Djibouti women wear head scarves, called shash along with a shawl that covers their heads and around face. Single women mostly do not cover their heads. People of Djibouti also wear traditional Arabian pieces, one of which is jellabiya for men and jilbab for women. It is a cultural garment that resembles Arabian thobe. It has a wide cut like a dress robe. Jilbab is a loosely fitted coat much like hijab. This piece covers whole body apart from hands, face and head. It is also worn with a scarf or a head wrap.
Air Djibouti is national airline of Djibouti. It is also called Red Sea Airlines. It is the flag carrier of Djibouti. Its first flight was in 1963 but ceased all operations in 2002. In 2015 the airline was launched again, at first as cargo airline but afterwards with passenger in 2016. Its headquartered is in the capital, Djibouti City.
Djibouti museum is the main museum of Djibouti. It preserves the cultural and historic artifact of country.
National Library of Djibouti is under construction. The National Archives and National Library Project of the Djibouti were jointly tendered and won by Changsheng Studio and Minjian, successfully completed the design and inspection work. The construction site of the project is located in the Barbara District in the south of Djibouti City. Around the existing viewing platform, a series of buildings such as the National Library and Archives, Religious Culture Research Center and Hospital will be built. Group is an important development area for the future of Djibouti.
El Hadj Hassan Gouled Aptidon Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Djibouti City. Football matches are mostly played here. The stadium has a capacity of about 10,000 spectators. As of April 2007, the Stadium had an artificial turf pitch courtesy of win of FIFA in Africa development program. It is currently the home ground of the Djibouti national football team. The stadium opened on June 26th, 1993. It got its name from first President of Djibouti, Hassan Gouled Aptidon. The facility was built with the help and assistance of Chinese engineers.
The renovation work at the Stadium started in 2002. The stadium also benefited from the Goal program established by FIFA. A new artificial turf was also established again in 2007.
Football is the most popular sport in Djibouti. It became a member of FIFA in 1994. However, it has only taken part in the qualifying rounds for the African Cup of Nations and FIFA World Cup in the mid-2000s. The national football team of Djibouti beat the Somalian national team in 2007 and qualified for the 2010 FIFA World Cup which is their first World Cup victory. Another sport that Djibouti people love to get involved is athletics. Djama Robleh is a big name in running marathon. He won a silver medal in African Championships (in 1982. A sport of Djibouti is showing promise for other athletes. Djibouti has never taken part in the Winter Olympics.
Djibouti has many wadis that are either permanently or dry riverbeds. However, it does not have any permanent rivers. Lake Assal is a prominenet lake located in Djibouti. It is mainly is a crater lake that has high salinity levels that are up to 10x of the sea. Lake Assal is the one of the greatest saline bodies of water, second to Don Juan Pond. It is the world’s largest salt reserve. The wet section of the lake is a body of very salty water. The dry section has white salt bed from which lake water evaporated over the years. Salt is extracted in slabs from this area. However, there are no significant rivers in Djibouti.
Mousa Ali is the highest point in Djibouti. It has a height of 2,021 metres (6,631 ft). It is a startovolcano that is situated on the tri-point of Ethiopia, Eritrea and Djibouti. The volcano is the highest point in Djibouti. The volcano’s summit is truncated by a caldera.It contains rhyolitic lava domes as well as lava flows. The last known eruption from this volcano occurred before the Holocene era.The temperature on this mountain ranges from 7 °C to 17 °C in December and January. Temperature ranges between 16 °C to 26 °C from June to September. The weather on the mountain could be very severe sometimes.
The national animal of Djibouti is Elk. The Elk has another name too, called wapiti which means light colored deer. Elk are one of the largest species of deer family. It belongs to Animalia kingdom. Elk prefers woodlands, however they can also be found in mountains, clear cut and swamps.
Day Forest National Park, also called Forêt du Day National Park, is a national park in the Goda Mountains and Tadjourah Region of Djibouti. Day Forest National Park is one of the two remnant areas of closed and protected forests.It protects a significant forest island in a sea of semi-desert area.Djibouti National Park is another national park in the Goda Mountains of Djibouti. Yoboki National Park is also a national park in Djibouti in the town of Yoboki.
The Djibouti francolin is the national bird of Djibouti. Its scientific name is Pternistis ochropectus. It is one of the forty species of francolins. It is a group of birds in the Phasianidae family. It is found only in Djibouti. The natural habitat of Djibouti is high altitude subtropical and tropical dry forests that are composed of African juniper. This bird is found in two locations in Djibouti. It can be found in small groups and is very shy. It feeds on berries, seeds, and termites. It breeds between December and February in whole year. It is an endangered species because it underwent a 90% population decline in last twenty years.
Skudahkharis, or Djiboutian lamb stew is the national dish of Djibouti. It is usually prepared during the Islamic holidays of Eid al-Adha, it is made of rice, lamb meat and other ayurvedic spices such as cardamom. It can be eaten with chicken, beef and fish.
Eid al-Fitr.is a national holiday of Djibouti celebrated on 15 and 16 June. Eid ul Adha is celebrated on August 21 and August 22. Awal Muharram is celebrated on September 11. Independence Day is celebrated on 27 June each year. Prophet Muhammad’s Birthday os celebrated on November 20th. Christmas Day is celebrated on December 25 each year.
The GDP per capita of Djibouti is 3600 PPP US dollar as of 2017. The gross domestic product of Djibouti increased by about 6 percent per year, from US$341 million in 1985 to US$1.5 billion in 2015. Total GDP of Djibouti as of 2017 is 3.64 billion US dollars. By sector, Agriculture grew 2.8%, Industries grew 21.0% and Services industry grew 76.1% as of 2017. Main exports from the country include coffee, salt, dried beans, cereals, agricultural products etc. About 63,000 foreign tourists visited Djibouti in 2013. Djibouti City is the main tourist destination and revenues from tourism was about US$43 million in 2013.