Every country in the world celebrates its National day or resolution day in the light of struggling for their independence. The inhabitants of Cyprus celebrates their National day on 1st April. They celebrate this day in the reminiscence of the foundation of the National organization, which was purely the brawl of people of Cyprus. This organization was named EOKA. Now their national day as EOKA. They gained freedom for their country from the British, who were occupying their land at that time.
After the establishment of EOKA, their main purpose was fighting for the rights of Cyprus people as well as careworn for their independence. They continue to fight with the British and one day they create the atom bomb and shocked the British. Now they become able to combat with the British. They also develop their Military academy during this era. They set their purpose and goal to achieve and hard work on it. Cypriots learn how to battle and defeat the British army. They were sure to gain independence one day hence they never led down before the British. It was due to Cypriot perseverance that one day they attained the freedom and achieved their rights. Their struggle for their independence sustained for about four to five years. Cyrus fight for their nation and their struggle are always written in golden words.
The national anthem of Cyprus is known as “Ymnos eis tin Eleftherian” which means Hymn to liberty. The music and lyrics of their national anthem was purposed by SOLMOS. The national anthem was formulated in 1960. This was actually the national anthem of Greece. The people of Cyprus living along with the Turkish people accept the national anthem of Turkey. National anthem is actually the national song sung by the people to excite their inhabitants to flourish their country.
Cyprus National Anthem Video And Download Link:
Cyprus National Anthem Audio And Download Link:
The national flag of Cyprus was designed in 1960 on the 16th of august. But that was the old style of Cyprus flag. Now the modern form of the flag is designed in 2006 In the old flag, there was an orange to orange-colored that was further surrounded by the two leaves of an olive tree. The remaining portion of the flag was colorless i.e white. The modern flag of Cyprus was designed by Ismet Guney. The modern flag has four blue square boxes at each corner and a sign of war in the middle. This flag was first known as the navy war flag. Later it becomes the national flag of Cyprus. The symbol in the middle of the flag is the sign of peace and unity. They want to unit and keep brotherhood with the minorities in their country that were Greek and Turkish people. Cyprus people actually acknowledged the three flags as their national flags. Two of them are already discussed above and the third one that they use as their national flag is the grey color flag which is the sign of peace and harmony.
The coat of arms of Cyprus is represented by a dove which is carrying an olive branch. This is a symbol of peace over 1960. The background of the coat of arms is of copper yellow color which represents its large copper deposits. The two ethical groups of Cyprus which include included Turks are represented by two-part a wreath.
The Nothern Cyprus has styled very similar to the coat of arms of Cyprus. But the 1960 underneath the dove was replaced with 1983. This is in reference to their independence. The emblem of Turkish star and crescent was also added on the shield. In March 2007, a slight changes we’re made as the dove is showing a different position.
Capital of The Nation
The capital city of Cyprus is Nicosia. Nicosia is situated in the middle of Mesaoria. Which is bordered by the hills of Kyrenia and Mesaoria. This city is the most populated and the big city of Cyprus. The environment of Nicosia is moderate. This city is embedded with about three thousand people or even more. Nicosia is an ancient city. It was discovered before 3000 years. This city is developed nowadays having a number of factories of textiles and a lot of opportunities for their inhabitants. Nicosia is embedded with heightened buildings. The prime minister house and president’s house is also situated in this city. The foreigners also come to visit this city. Nicosia is flourished economically.
In the beginning, the Republic of Cyprus did not announced any national currency. Now the national currency of Cyprus has been officially declared by the democrat of Cyprus. Euro is their national currency. Their currency is also called as lira. Before the euro, they were using Cypriot pound as currency. Cypriot Pound was cheaper than euro. Approximately two pounds is equal to one euro. By 2008 the whole country is using the euro as their national currency. One euro is equal to 171.81 Pakistani rupees.
Cyprus has a traditional costume which are remarkably representing their nation. They wear highly embroidered clothes. Although these are simple and sophisticated. Women wear long frocks, which and lose trousers. They also wear dupattas which represent their conservative nature. The frocks have long sleeves. Moreover, the dress also varies from person to person regarding age. “Sarka” was considered as the main part of formal and wedding dress for the women of Cyprus. This outfit was worn only by the married Cyprus women. This dress was used to wear for the first time at her wedding. On the wedding day, a long red cotton skirt called “Routzeiti”.
The women who were unmarried used to wear, deep red headband and the young women used embroidered silk forehead bands decorated with fake or natural flowers.
The outfit of Cyprus men consisted of multi pleated “Vraka”. A shirt was also used of dark color for everyday use along with Vraka and for the festivals and Sundays, a silk shirt was used. Embroidered colorful jacket was also part of the outfit. The jacket may be with sleeves or without sleeves. The black Vraka was also used as the costume official outfit of the groom.
National colors are frequently added to the sets of national symbols. The national colors of Cyprus are Blue and White.
Vasilis Michaelides is known as the national poet of Cyprus. He was born in Lefkonika. Lefkonika is a village found in the Famagusta district of the country. He wrote many poems. In 1882, his first poetry collection was published. In 1888, he started the publication of Diavolos which was a satirical magazine. After ” The 9th of July 1821″, his famous work, he wrote, “The Fairy” in 1883.
Cyprus Airways was the airline of Cyprus which was carrying its flag. it worked from September 1947 to 9 January 2015. The operating base of the airline was Larnaca International Airport.
The airline was organized in 1947. European Foundation of Quality Management (EFQM) awarded Cyprus Airlines with the award of “Commitment to Excellence in Europe”. The airline was also awarded with the award of ” IATA Best in-flight programming for a Europe airline”.
De Havilland Comet 4 was crashed after its takeoff from Ankara on 21 December 1961. Only 7 out of 34 people survived.
Cyprus Airways Flight 284 was crashed between Nicosia and Athens on 12 October 1967. All people on board died and they were 66.
The Cyprus Museum is called Cyprus Archaeology Museum is the largest and oldest archaeological museum of Cyprus. It has a large collection of Cypriot antiquities and is located in Nicosia on Museum Street. After its inauguration, it received many excavations. The museum consists of fourteen display halls with offices in the center. In hall, the display consists of mathematical and chronological succession starts from the Neolithic to Roman span.
The Cyprus Library is considered as the National Library of Cyprus. It was established in 1927, 92 years ago. It is located in Nicosia. It has a great collection of Journals, books, magazines, videos, posters, and newspapers.
The GSP Stadium is considered as the national stadium of Cyprus. GSP is The Pancyprian Gymnastic Association Stadium. GSP is a stadium of football in Strovols city located in the Nicosia District of Cyprus. Although it is small as the international standards but it has the importance if the largest stadium in Cyprus. It has a sitting capacity of 22,859. In 1999, It was opened. It is used as a host stadium for the two biggest clubs of Nicosia APOEL and Omonia. It also serves as a home stadium for the national football team of Cyprus.
Before it, an Old GSP Stadium subsisted from 1902 to 1999. It was located in the center of the city Nicosia and had a sitting capacity of 12,000.
Football is the national and if Cyprus. In the earlier part of the 20th Century, Football was started in Cyprus. In the beginning, football was a game played in schools. After that football became popular leading to the formation of many football clubs. Due to the rapid popularity of football, the idea of establishing an Association promoted. In September 1934, Cyprus Association was made after that football was started to be played officially.
Cyprus Football Association became a unit of FIFA in 1948, a part of UEFA in 1962.
The first game was played in 1949 by the Cyrus National Team when Cyprus had not become an independent state. After independence, first time Cypriot National appeared in 1960. Cyprus Football Association now takes part in the Olympic Tournaments, The World Cup Competitions and all the competitions of National teams Of UEFA.
Cyprus Football Association has 57 directly affiliated and 290 indirectly affiliated clubs. CFA also arranges League Championships of different levels and also a Cup Competition. CFA also organizes Women Championships. The motto of the CFA is “we make friends through football”.
The Pedieos is the largest river of Cyprus. The river originates close to Machairas Monastery in the Troodos Mountains. It flows northeast through the Nicosia. The maximum depth of the Pedieos is about 10 meters and length is 98 km. Two dams are established along the river. The largest dam is Tamassos that was built in 2002.
The name was given to this river from the Greek word of idein to depict the points of West and East and eos meaning east as the class of river resembles with the goddess of East.
The Pedieos’s Linear Park was established in 2002. It has 14 km length.
The largest mountain range of Cyprus is Troodos. It is located approximately in the center of the island. Mount Olympus is the highest peak of Troodos. Mount Olympus is also recognized as Chionistra. The Troodos mounting range stretching across the large side of the Western side of the State. There are a large number of mountain resorts such as Byzantine monasteries and also churches at mountain highlands. It became a center of Byzantine art in the Byzantine period, as monasteries and churches were built in it. Nine Byzantine churches are
Panagia tou Moutoula
Panagia tou Agiasmati
Agios Nikolaos tis Stegis
Archangel Michael at Pedoulas
Stavros tou Agiasmati
Timiou Stavrou at Pelendri
Transfiguration of the Saviour Palaichori
Villages of Troodos are Dora, Koilani, Lania, Omodos, Moutoullas, Louvaras, Platres, Malia, Agros and many others.
The highest peak in Cyprus is Olympus or Chionistra. It is found in the Troodos Mountains in Cyprus. Aphrodite Acraea Temple is one of its promontories where women are forbidden.
The goal of the national forest parks in to improve lungs and aesthetic, to provide sports and recreation opportunities to their people. National forest park is the main state forest which the Council of Ministers declare for the recreation and comfort of their people. Cyprus has a total of ten national Parks which includes
National Forest Park of the Pedagogical Academy is located between the Municipality of Nicosia and Aglantzia. This park has a pedestrian street, playground, bicycle path, parking, Kiosk, and tourist area.
Liopetri Forest is located in Famagusta, a village of Liopetri.
National Forest Park of Athalassa is found in the south of the capital of Cyprus, Nicosia. It is playing its role as space lung, by providing aesthetics, environmental education, physical exercise. The park is not with bicycle paths, pedestrian track, sports grounds, dog trail, wooden garden, etc.
Troodos Park, it is placed in the center of Troodos ophiolite complex. This park is providing a vast range of recreational facilities such as touring, cycling, outdoor meals, camping, hiking, environmental information, and winter sports.
Cavo Gerco National Forest Park is very famous for cyclists and divers. It is facilitated by cycling routes. It also offers a boat ride facility.
Polemidia National Park is located north of the midst of Limassol.
Rizolelia National Forest Park is covered with pine plantations, Pinus pinea, Cupressus sempervirens.
Ayios Nikandros National Forest Park is found near Ayia Napa and it has an area of 25.92 hectares.
Petra tou Romiou is a fraction of the Rani State forest.
Machairas National Forest Park is providing many facilities including scientific, ecological, hydrological and recreational. It is also used for Mountain Cycling sport.
Golden Oak is the National tree of Cyprus. Golden Oak is known for the color of the lower surface leaves and it is a small evergreen tree. It was chosen as the national tree by the Cyprus Parliament in 2006. It has medicinal importance and also an important tree of Persian gardens. Tree grow around water and shade.
National Flower of Cyprus
Cyprus cyclamen is the national flower of Cyprus. It is a perennial flower. Its leaves are of heart shape with toothed edges. The blooming season of the flower is from autumn to winter. The petals are from white to pale pink. The habitat of the flower is ingenious rocks, banks, shaded calcerous, under trees or shrubs. It is seen only in Cyprus. But it is common in both south and north island.
The national animal of Cyprus is Cypriot Mouflon. It is also known as Argino or Cyprus Mountain goat. Cyprus Mouflon is a unique type of wild lamb. It is also considered as the largest mammal of Considered. Cypriot Mouflon is also the national symbol of Cyprus. Cypriot Mouflon is found only in Cyprus. The population of the national animal is decreasing. Only 3500 population of Cyprus Mouflon is present in Cyprus. The habitat of the animal is Mountain, forest, Grassland and in the area near the forest. The average length of the animal is about 122-152 cm. The average length of horns is 55-60 cm. The average weight of male Cypriot Mouflon is 50 kg and female has a weight of 35 kg. It is a vulnerable species.
The Mouflon is very agile and shy. The color of the backside of Cypriot Mouflon is red to brown and belly and lower legs are of white color.
Banana is the national fruit of Cyprus. The climate of Cyprus is much suitable for the growth of bananas. Bananas grown in large number in the whole island. Banana is also used for cooking purposes.
Cypriot potatoes have a unique taste and they are waxy and long. Cypriots love them to bake also add some salt, finely sliced opinion and Orengo in it. Salad vegetables are used with every meal. In summer, Salad usually used is of parsley, celery leaves, and stalks, coriander leaves, cucumber, and tomatoes.
Cypriot Cuisine is the official dish if Cyprus. It was influenced by Ottoman, Italian, French, Middle Eastern, and Byzantine Cuisines. The ingredients of the Cypriot Cuisine are peppers, okara, artichokes, tomatoes, carrots, zucchini, grape leaves, pears, cherries, apples, strawberries, walnut, almond, citrus, watermelon, mespila, melon and also some of the most common fruits and nuts.
National Cypriot sweet is Souzouko. It is a favorite dish of Cypriot At fairs and festivals. It is made by spooning strings of nuts in the heated grape juice till it solidifies.
Brandy Sour is the national drink of Cyprus. It is a popular cocktail. It is made up of lemon squash, Angostura Bitters, Cypriot brandy and, SOA water. The ingredients of Brandy Sour are Cyprus Iemon on squash of one measure, Cyprus Brandy 1-2 measure depending upon taste, Angostura Bitters in few drops, Lemonade or soda water, also ice cubes to enhance the decoration.
The national holidays in Cyprus are holidays official announced by the Cyprus government. These holidays are celebrated according to their specialties. The national holidays of Cyprus are New year’s day celebrated on 01 January. Epiphany holiday is enjoyed at 06 January. Te holiday of Clean Monday is on 11 March. Greek Independence Day is celebrated on 25 March. Cyprus National Day is on 01 April. The holidays of Good Friday and Orthodox Eastern Monday is on 26 April and 29 April respectively. Labour Day holiday is on 1st May. The holiday of Eastern Orthodox Whit Monday is officially announced 17 Jun. The holiday for Funeral of former President Dimitris Christofias is on 25 June. Dormition of the Mother of God is celebrated on 15 August. Holiday for Independence day is on 01 October. Ohi Day, Christmas Day, and Boxing Day are celebrated on 28 October, 25 December and 26 December respectively.
The National income of Cyprus is 28.82 billion PPP dollars according to the record of 2017. The economy of Cyprus is High-income economy according to the classification of world Bank. Cypriot economy was included in advanced economies in 2001 by the International Monetary Fund. In 2008, The Gross Domestic Product GDP per capita recorded was 30926.50 US dollars. It is equal to 245 percent of the world’s average GDP per capita. The economic freedom score of Cyprus is 68.1 percent. It is at 44th unrestricted position in the economy according to the 2019 index. Cyprus has increased the overall score of 0.3 percent by improving labor freedom. Cyprus’s economy is rapidly increasing with an average growth rate of 4.4 percent from 2015 to 2018.