The officially proclaimed national day of Cuba is celebrated annually on July 26, 1953. This day is known as the National Revolution Day. This day is remembered for its significance in history when a force of men under the command of Fidel Castro advanced to overthrow the governmental rule of Fulgencio Batista, in Santiago de Cuba. The first attempt towards revolution was unsuccessful; however, it instigated rallies and protests which had become a threat to the concept of dictatorship. Initially, only July 26 was commemorated as a public holiday, but later there were two additional holidays to be added as a part of the national public holiday; July 25 and July 27. On this day all premises are shut, and protests and speeches take place throughout Cuba. In addition to it, songs are sung in delight. The flag of Cuba is set firm to sway and embody its significance. The members belonging to army force also wear bands to display the importance of its flag as well as this particular day.
The national anthem of Cuba is ‘La Bayamesa’ also known as ‘El Himmo de Bayamo’ or ‘the Bayamo Anthem’. The lyrics of this anthem were composed in 1867, and it was officially endorsed as a national anthem in the 20th century. However, the lyrics were promulgated in 1868, right after a year when it was written. The current version of the anthem was shortened and made concise using its original form. Perucho Figueredo was persuaded to compose this anthem, and so its lyrics are his creation and are credited to him. This anthem was initially embraced in 1902 and was declared national after the revolutionary activity.
Cuba National Anthem Video And Download Link:
Cuba National Anthem Audio And Download Link:
The national flag of Cuba has five prominent ongoing horizontal stripes which are alternative to each other. There are three blue stripes and two white ones. At the extreme left of the flag is a triangular shape inside which is a pentagonal star with five pointed edges. The flag was officially declared national on May 20, 1902 and the task of introducing its design is credited to Narciso Lopez and Miguel Teurbe Tolon.
The national symbol of Cuba is Cuban coat of arms and it was officially given the status of a national emblem on April 24, 1906. This symbol was designed by Miguel Teurbe Tolon. This symbol has a shield on the face of a fasces on whose top rests a Phrygian cap and all of it is strengthened by an oak branch positioned on either of the sides while on the other one is a laurel wreath. The oak branch depicted on the symbol embodies the power and dominance of the nation. Most importantly, this symbol implicates human rights like equality, liberty and fraternity which is a privilege that everyone deserves and are legitimately rightful of.
Capital of Nation
The capital of Cuba is known to be Havana or La Habana. It is situated on the northwestern coast and is a source to boost economy as this area is commercially wide. This area of Cuba bears an estimated population of 2.13 million. Havana is a tourist spot; however, there is always a possible threat of robbery and thievery in this area. The most famous and tempting spot in Havana is The National Capitol Building and it is there since the 1920s. The Old Havana is a reflection of iconic and vivid architecture.
The two widely known currencies of Cuba are Cuban convertible peso or Cuban peso; both of thee currencies are known as Cuban dollar. The official currency of Cuba is usually referred to as Cuban peso. However, convertible peso bears 25 times more worth than a peso. But it is reported that more commonly used currency is a peso. In the contemporary time, peso renders both the coined and note forms.
The customary dress of Cuba is characterized by loose and droopy fabric. On the islands of Cuba temperature is usually humid and warm so people preferably pull up breathable clothes often originated from cotton and linen. The traditional dresses of Cuba consist of vibrant colors and are often referred to as frilled skirts, wide sleeves and embellished shirts. However in the contemporary era the Cuban closets consist of baggy shirts, jeans, shorts and skirts.
The only national colors of Cuba are red, white and blue. All these colors embody the national flag of Cuba and are found in it. It is reported that a diverse range of countries have the same national colors as found in their national flags.
The universally known Cuban poet is Jose Marti who is acknowledged for being a political activist as well as a journalist. He is referred to as a prominent personality of Cuba who utilized his literary and philosophical skills to bring about revolution. He was born on January 28, 1853 in Havana, Cuba. He expired in May 19, 1895, in Dos Rios, Cuba. From his teenage he had devoted himself to the aim of propagating the aspects of political independence and freedom generically. His work primarily brought forward the subject of freedom, liberty and constitutional government.
The officially known national airline of Cuba is Cubana de Aviacion S.A, usually referred to as Cubana. It is Cuba’s hugest airways. It was established in October 1929 and is known to be the most formerly begun airlines in Latin America. Its headquarters are located in Havana and its main base is situated in Jose Marti International Airport. This airline is entirely the property of the Cuban government since May 1959. This airline first embarked its operations in 1930; a year after Cubana came into being.
There are several museums in Cuba; however among all of them, eight are the most famous and widely visited museums by its citizens and also serve as a tourist spot. The most popular museum of Cuba is located in Havana and is the National Museum of Fine Arts of Havana which was established in 1953. The photographical actions are denounced in this museum which is one thing that the visitors detest. Besides that it has insufficient air-conditioning facility about which the visitors often complain.
Followed by it is the Museo de la Revolucion and it was constructed amidst 1913-20. The books or the exhibitions in here are kept in a chronological sequence either in an ascending or a descending order. The third most frequently visited museum in Cuba is Finca Vigia or Hemingway’s House, San Francisco de Paula. The Cuban government overtook this museum after the demise of Hemingway in 1961. The fourth largest museum in Cuba is the National Museum of a Music which was established in 1905, however, it was declared as a National Music Museum in 1981. The fifth one is Diego Velazquez Museum; it was initially an abode of Diego Velazquez, the first governor of Cuba.
It was replaced with a museum in 1970. The sixth one is the Taquechel Pharmacy Museum which was inaugurated as a museum in the late 19th century. The seventh museum is the Old Havana Perfume Museum which initially catered as a drugstore and dealt in perfumes. The eighth and the last predominant museum of Cuba is Museo Municipal Emilio Bacardi Moreau and it is considered one of the most ancient museums of Cuba.
The officially declared national library of Cuba is the National Library Jose Marti which is situated in La Habana. This library came into being on October 18, 1901. This library is named after the famous political activist and national hero of Cuba, Jose Marti.
The national stadium of Cuba is The Estadio Latinoamericano which is situated in Havana, Cuba. Its former or previous names are Gran Estadio de La Habana (1946-1961). This stadium is mainly utilized for baseball. In 1999, it served as a ground to hold the exhibition series between the Cuban National Team and the Baltimore Orioles. This stadium was inaugurated on October 26, 1946. Currently this stadium has a volume of 55,000.
The national game of Cuba is baseball and it is so far the most widely played game in here. Other than that Cuba is also known for having competitive boxers who have consistently been attaining high medals in international competitions. Other sports like volleyball, basketball, sailing and trekking are also popular in this country.
There are five prominent and foremost rivers of Cuba. The longest of which is Cauto and it has a length of 230 miles. It gushes from Sierra Maestra and is deposited into the Gulf of Guacanayabo. However, the water that flows through this river is not safe for drinking. Tao is second largest river in Cuba and it has a length of 81 miles. Its water has a crystal alike formula and the water that gushes through it is derived from Cuba’s Guantanamo Province. The third most famous river of Cuba is Guama and it has a length of 51 miles. Originally it deposited all the water gushing through it into Caribbean Sea but now it deposits its water into the EI Punto dam. The water streaming through it is used to generate electricity and is also used for irrigation. The fourth largest river of Cuba is Yumuri which streams through the Imias village and deposits into 33.7 miles. It has a length of 34 miles. At last, comes the Almendares River which has a length of 28 miles.
The national mountain of Cuba is Pico Turquino and is the most elevated summit in Cuba. It is situated in the southeast nook of the island, in the Sierra Maestra mountain range in the municipality of Guama, Santiago de Cuba Province. It has a height of 1974m. F.W. Ramsden was the first man to climb this mountain in 1860.
One of the famous national parks of Cuba is Alejandro de Humboldt National Park and it covers an area of 711.38 km squares. Then comes the Caguanes National Park which is located in Yaguajay in the northern part of Sancti Spiritus Province and it encompasses an area of 204.87 kilometers square. The third most famous river of Cuba is Desembarco del Grama National Park which is situated in south-eastern Cuba. It covers an area of 261.80 kilometers square. It was established in 1986.
The forth national park of Cuba is Guanahacabibes Peninsula is located on the island of Cuba. It came into being in 1987 and it encompasses an area of 398.26 kilometers squares. The fifth national park of Cuba is Jardines de la Reina which is located on the southern part of Cuba, in the provinces of Camaguey and Ciego de Avila. It has an estimated area of 2170 kilometers square. The sixth national park of Cuba is Sierra Cristal National Park which is situated in the municipalities of Mayari and Sagua de Tanamo in southern Holuguin Province. It encompasses an area of 185.37 kilometers square.
It was the first ever park established in 1930. The seventh national park of Cuba is Turquino National Park also named as Maestra National Park is located in Santiago de Cuba Province. It was established in on January 8, 1980. It covers an area of 229.38 kilometers square. At last, comes the Vinales Valley which has an estimated area of 132 kilometers square and is situated in the Sierra de los Organos mountains.
The national zoo of Cuba is Zoologico de 26 is one of the ancient zoos and was inaugurated in 1939. Although there are copious amount of wildlife present here yet the most tempting are monkeys that inhabit this area. This zoo is situated in La Habana.
The Havana forest is the most popular forest of Cuba. It is situated amidst the Plaza and Playa. This forest is draped with exotic and ethereal leaves that render to it a scenic beauty. It is a great tourist spot and people often visit this area on account of mental gratification.
The national tree of Cuba is the royal palm, also known as Roystonea regia. The seeds of this tree also serve as a livestock feed and oil is also generated from them. Houses and furniture is also carved out of wood extracted from this tree. The leaves of this tree are a source through which roof of a house can be made.
The national flower of Cuba is Hedychium coronarium. It is originally found in India but with the passage of time it has been thriving in the island of Cuba and this is why it was declared as the national flower. This flower is also widely referred to as ‘Mariposa’.
The national animal of Cuba is the Cuban Hutia. It can extend its length up to 60 centimeters. This animal resides in rock-strewn areas and forests. Cuban Hutia is an omnivore and eats both vegetables and meat.
The national bird of Cuba is a Cuban Trogon, also known as, Priotelus temnurus. This bird inhabits dry, moist and underrated forests. It belongs to a specific class of Aves. Cuban Trogon is a vibrant bird having colors on its body like green back, blue crown, red belly and beak and white throat and chest. It consists of a lengthy and fuzzy tail. It has an estimated length of 10-11 inches from beak to tail.
The national fruit of Cuba is the Mamey sapote, also known as, Mamey Colorado. It is liked by most of the residents of America and Caribbean countries. The inside of this fruit is soft, fleshy and salmon-colored. The upper layer of the fruit is brown. This fruit is rich in fiber and has components like vitamin C, A, and B and minerals like copper, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and iron. It strengthens the working capacity bones and heart. It is a source of refreshment for the mood.
The national vegetable of Cuba is Sugar-cane and Cuba is widely known for its cultivation.
The national dish of Cuba is rope Vieja which is served along with a tomato sauce which adds to its delight. It has a combination of black beans, yellow rice, plaintains and fried yuca and this dish is often served with beer.
The national sweet of Cuba is not traditionally inherited but is common one which is like globally. The most popular dessert of Cuba is custard and Cuban people also add a little hint of cinnamon to it. It is added a little delight to it with the topping of caramel sauce
The national drink of Cuba is Rum. It was widely consumed when the independence was attained. It has a combination of ingredients like Cuba Libre, Mojito, and Cubanitos.
Some of the national holidays of Cuba arrive annually on the day of Triumph of the Revolution (January 01), Victory Day (January 02), Good Friday (April 19), Labor Day (May 01), Revolution Anniversary Holiday 9July 25), National Revolution Day (July 26), Revolution Anniversary Holiday (July 27), Independence day (October 10), Christmas Day (December 25), and New Year’s Eve (December 31).
A survey which took place in 2017 confirmed that the national income or Gross Domestic Product of Cuba was estimated to be 96.85 billion US dollars. The average Gross Domestic Product of Cuba is nearly 35.46 USD billion having been consistent from 1970 until 2017. A survey that took place in 2015 showed the graphical illustration that the average monthly salary of Cubans was estimated to be 687 peswas or $25. Around 6-25% of the Cuban population faces poverty.