17th December is celebrated as the National Day of Bhutan. This date denoted the crowning ceremony of Ugyen Wangchuck as the first king of current Bhutan in 1907. Festivities are carried out at Changlimithang Stadium, along with an open site by the Druk Gyalpo.
Additionally, a parade is also carried out exposing a sculpture of Ugyen Wangchuck as a symbol of admiration of the first Druk Gyalpo as well as the independent Bhutanese population. This day has lofted Bhutan into the peaceful and prosperous period, after ending a long civil war. It has also been declared as a national holiday in Bhutan.
Bhutanese refer their country as “Druk tsendhen” (The Thunder Dragon Kingdom), also regarded as the national anthem of Bhutan. Dorji Lopen Dolop Droep Namgay of Talo, Punakha was the lyricist of the anthem while Aku Tongmi, an Indian bandmaster composed its music, and it was adopted in 1953. Its English translation was carried out by Dasho Gyaldun Thinley. This is the only national anthem that has been choreographed as the composition of its music was based on a folk song “Thri nyampa med pa pemai thri” that was also choreographed.
Bhutan National Anthem Audio And Download Link:
Bhutan National Anthem Audio And Download Link:
The national flag of Bhutan highlights its national symbols. The flag indicates the custom of the Drukpa Ancestry of Tibetan Buddhism and highlights Druk. Mayum Choying Wangmo Dorji presented the essential plan of the flag in 1947. It is believed that the dragon, designed on the flag, is an influence of the neighboring country China. The jewels grabbed by the dragon in its claws indicate national wealth and perfection, and the white color of dragon symbolizes the pureness and faithfulness of different ethnicities residing in the country.
Salient features of the national flag of Bhutan are retained in the national emblem of Bhutan but with slightly different art, and comprises of Buddhist symbols. The National Emblem of Bhutan consists of a circle with a projected double diamond thunderbolt positioned overhead the lotus. The jewels are placed on all sides with two dragons drawn vertically towards the periphery. The thunderbolts embody the harmony between religious and non-religious supremacy; the lotus indicates purity, while the jewel reflects the sovereignty of the state. The two dragons, one male and the other female, solidify the name of the country as “thunder.”
Capital of Bhutan
The capital and biggest city of Bhutan is Thimphu. It is situated in the west of Bhutan and surrounded by the valley. Thimphu was stated as the capital of Bhutan in 1961. Based on its altitude (2,248m to 7375m), Thimpu is considered as the fourth largest capital in the world. However, unlike other capitals Thimou does not own any airport. Instead it is connected to Paro airport (54 km away) via road.
The national currency of Bhutan is ngultrum, which is sectioned into 100 chhertum. The Ngultrum currency, including banknotes and coins, are regulated by The Royal Monetary Authority of Bhutan. The Ngultrum and Indian currency are pegged equally currently.
National dress of Bhutan is the most unique and noticeable characteristic of the country. Men wear Gho as a national dress while women wear a dress named as Kira on all official events and places. One should wear fully covered clothes while entering to Dzong. It is necessary for all people of Bhutan to wear the national dress in offices, schools and on all official events. Their national dress shoes their traditions and cultural norms.
The national colors of Bhutan include yellow and orange color. According to its flag, it contains two colors with a white dragon on it.The upper part is golden yellow, which indicates the secular command of the king while the remaining lower part is of orange color indicating the Buddhist religion. The white dragon in the flag indicates the purity among people.
Dorji, choning is the national poet of Bhutan. A national poet is a poet alleged by customs and popular acclamation to signify the uniqueness, beliefs and national culture. He wrote a lot about nature. His famous poems include “She is in love,” “The Bird,” Dreams,” And “Life” and many more.
The National Airline of Bhutan is Drukair Corporation Limited. It is the flag mover of Bhutan kingdom. It was founded in 1981, but initially, they were providing services only in their country, but in 1983, the first international flight was landed by them from Kolkata to Paro using Dornier Do 228 aircraft. They switched to equipment known as BAe 146-100 in 1988, and due to an increase in demand those aircraft were replaced by Airbus A319s in 2004. Drukair also provides local flights from Paro to yongphulla, Bumthang, and Gelephu.
National Museum of Bhutan is a traditional l museum in Paro in western Bhutan.it was established in 1968, in an old building named as Ta-Dzong which was then renovated by Government for this museum. This museum was structured by the finest samples of Bhutanese art, which also includes many masterworks of bronze painting and statues. The artwork was gracefully shown on scientific lines. The display also includes a remarkable collection of thangkas. A history gallery is also displayed there with a 3D map of Bhutan. Use of the camera is strictly not allowed in the museum.
Under the support of HM QUEEN Ashi, the national library of Bhutan was established in 1967 to preserve and promote the cultural and spiritual traditions of Bhutan. It is present in Thimphu, beyond the Golf course of Thimphu. To keep the old and religious books save and sound, they constructed a four-storied eight-cornered building which seems like Bhutanese Dzong tower temple. The Government of Bhutan paid that cost without any foreign aid. Mostly the books which are present in this library are Tibetan style printed.
Changlimithang Stadium is the national stadium of Bhutan.it is located in Thimphu city. It is a multi-purpose stadium.it is mainly used for football matches and also it is the home for National football team of Bhutan. Many other games also played in this ground including volleyball, major archery tournaments, the national sport of Bhutan and many other games. It was initially constructed in 1974 but was renovated in 2007. Also to games, this stadium is used for some Royal marriages.
The National game of Bhutan is the game of archery. Archery was declared national sport of Bhutan in 1971 when they became the part of United Nations. Bhutanese are very passionate about their national game. Competitions are held there, which show their excitement and their grip on their cultural game. Two different teams in traditional dress shoot the target placed 140m away. That’s why Bhutan is famous in the world for their best shooters in archery.
The National river of Bhutan is Manas River. Length of the river is 376km. It flows across Bhutan for 272km and then across Assam for 104 km .after passing through these two areas, this river joins with the great Brahmaputra river at jogigopha.it flows through the west of the park, and it is the main river. When it reaches the plains, it divided into two rivers, the Bwrsi, and the Bholkaduba rivers. Government of Bhutan’s wanted to construct two dams at their side to control the overflow of the Brahmaputra river, and it could also fulfill their electricity needs.
The national mountain of Bhutan is Gangkhar puensum. This mountain is famous because it is the highest unclimbed mountain in the world. Its height is 7570 meters. It is found on Border with Tibet. In 1985-86, four expeditions were failed summit attempts sadly. In 1999, a Japanese expedition tried to explore this mountain, but they could only explore 7535 meters high ridge and only 2km left behind which is still a mystery for the rest of people in the world.
The National park of Bhutan is its protected areas such as nature preserves and wildlife sanctuaries. These areas cover most of the north and south area of Bhutan. These protected areas cover almost 42% of Bhutan kingdom. These areas line the international border of Bhutan with India and China. Now for environmental conservation, protected areas have been managed by a trust fund of Bhutan.
National zoo of Bhutan is located in Motithang district of Thimphu. The national animal of Bhutan Takin is present in wildlife reserves of Bhutan. Takin was declared as a national animal in 2005 because they believed that Takin is the legend’s of animal’s creation in 15 century in Bhutan. An area of 8.2 acres was marked and restricted for these animals. The Royal Government made many improvements in Bhutan and worldwide fund.
Bhutan is famous in the world for its natural resources like rich forest and natural vegetation in the late twentieth century. As Bhutan is the part of Himalayas so there is a large amount of alpine terrain, results in more rainfall hence it is the main reason of forest growth .these forest contains many evergreen animals and also many oaks and pine trees.
The national tree of Bhutan is the Himalayan cypress. These trees are related to their religion and mostly found near their religious and spiritual buildings. According to Bhutanese, the ability of this tree to grow on rugged terrain explains its bravery and simplicity. Locally this tree is also knowns as Tsenden. They believed that this tree is a blessing for them .it is an evergreen tree with a maximum height of 45 to 50m.
Himalayan blue poppy is the national flower of Bhutan Kingdom. Blue poppy flourished at the time of monsoon. It is the most beautiful and uncommon flower in the country like Bhutan. The scientific name of the blue poppy is Meconopsis spp, it has 13 different species and considers in the family of Papaveraceae. It’s color variations includes pink, white and red colors. In the region of Haa, the white poppy is found in great quantity.
National animal of Bhutan is Takin. National zoo of Bhutan is located in Motithang district of Thimphu. The national animal of Bhutan Takin is present in wildlife reserves of Bhutan. Takin was declared as a national animal in 2005 because they believed that Takin is the legend’s of animal’s creation in 15 century in Bhutan. An area of 8.2 acres was marked and restricted for these animals. The Royal Government made many improvements in Bhutan and worldwide fund.
The national bird of Bhutan kingdom is Raven. This bird represents one of the most divinities of the nation. It is called as jarog in their local language. Bhutanese shows their love with these birds by their Royal Raven crown. In early times it was considered a capital crime to kill a Raven in Bhutan. We still can see their nest in monasteries and Dzongs throughout great Bhutan.
There is no national fruit of Bhutan. They do like to eat the apple, mango, peach watermelon, etc. They usually like fruit juices like fresh juice of mango, apple or any other fruits .you could also eat potato wedge, fruit platter, Bhutanese pancake and oatmeal
Emma means chili, and datshi mean cheese. Ema datshai is the traditional and national vegetable of Bhutan. Leftover vegetables are mixed with a rice dish.it is a very spicy dish .it is made by mixing the cheesy sauce with large, green chili peppers.
Emma means chili, and datshi mean cheese. Ema datshai is the traditional and national vegetable of Bhutan. Leftover vegetables are mixed with a rice dish.it is a very spicy dish .it is made by mixing the cheesy sauce with large, green chili peppers
There is no specific sweet in Bhutanese culture, but they do like sweet eatables like fruits, jelly, and many more artificial sweets.
The national drink of Bhutan is ara or arag . It is an alcoholic beverage used widely in Bhutan .it is prepared in houses or farms by rice or maize. Its sale is prohibited in Bhutan. Bhutan government wants to finish the alcoholism and ara formation in local areas of Bhutan, but it is a great challenge for them.
17th of December is the national holiday of Bhutan; therefore, it’s a national Day off for the public. The schools and offices remain closed. Nevertheless, there are different occasions which are also national holidays, including their cultural and traditional days. On these occasions, people enjoy their days with their families out in restaurants and houses with their national food. There are many ways to celebrate the national holiday like people go out camping and enjoying; people enjoy the joyful day by simply putting flags on their cars and cruising all over the city. You might find a lot of traffic those days in Bhutan.
The economy of Bhutan is on an average in the world. It ranks out 82nd of the top hundred richest countries. According to the survey of 2017, the income of Bhutan is said to be 7.151 billion PPP. However, according to the GDP, Bhutan ranks out 52nd all over the world. Their income has been increasing every year, as it has very successful businesses in agricultural production.