The National Day
The national day of Angola is celebrated every year on the 11th of November. This country, which is now known as Angola was a place where the Portuguese had control over as they had trading posts and other business. Therefore, Angola started taking action in the 1950s to get their independence; they made separate groups for their areas.
The Portuguese refused and suppressed the independence, which led to a war of independence between the Angolan and Portuguese. It held in 1974. However, the Portuguese ceased their fire and pretended as granting the independence. However, soon after the war ended, the groups started chaos, arguments begin, and later the Angolans with the help of Cuba took over the capital Luanda and announced their independence. Therefore, it has been adopted since 1975.
The national anthem is known as Angola Avante, which was introduced right after the independence with the Portuguese in November 1975. This has been composed by Rui Alberto Vieira Dias Mingas. However it has been written by Manual Rui Alves Monteiro. He is one of the best selling writers of that time. Furthermore one of his songs was recently released which was kept as the national anthem in November.
Angola National Anthem Video And Download link:
Angola National Anthem Audio And Download link:
The national anthem along with the flag, was used right after the independence in November. This flag has the emblem, which has a gear in the middle, which represents the workers, along with a machete, which represents solidarity, and the star represents socialism. This flag is made with two colors vertically divided into 2 equal halves. The top half is designed with red color; however, the lower half is filled with black along with the emblem in the center of the flag.
The National Emblem
The emblem plays a major role in the country as it is also displayed on their flag. It consists of a gear, a sword with a star, which shows a sign of hardworking, powerful fighters and socialism. The national Emblem has a great significance in the country.
In Angola, there are more than 35 languages spoken all over the country. However, the official language on Angola is Portuguese as this language suits their culture. This language has been expanding at a large scale since it is one of the ancient languages. More than 70 percent of the population speaks Portuguese in their houses whereas half of the population speaks it as a first language, but many of them speak and recognize it as their second language.
Capital of Nation
The capital city of Angola is Luanda, which is usually known as Sao Paulo da Assuncao de Loanda. Now, this city is the most populated city of this country, which also consist of a primary port linked with the Atlantic Ocean. Moreover, it is also the largest city, which is still under reconstruction to enhance the look of the city as well as develop the country.
The currency of Angola has Kwanza, which has been adopted in 1977. The name Kwanza has been derived from one of the famous river knowns Quanza. This currency had been facing many changes since 1990. The first kwanza ran from 1977 up till 1990; this was introduced after the independence. The novo Quanza later replaced the currency in 1990, whereas the Angolans faced a lot of inflation. Therefore, this inflation did not end when this currency was again replaced by Kwanza reajustado in 1995. The currency got stabilized when Kwanza was introduced in 1999.
People in Angola are into traditional clothing, where women wear panos and the men preferably wear the African batik wrapping. However, on special occasions, these traditional clothes are not considered, since the youth is more attractive to western clothing such as T-shirts and Pants.
Agoshtinho Neto is considered to be the national poet as he has been one of the most successful poets. Moreover, he has written three books in his lifetime, and many of his poems were also added in the national anthem. Furthermore, he has been rewarded by for many of his achievements.
TAAG Angola Airline is the national airline which fly’s domestically and internationally to Portugal, China, Cuba, and Brazil. This airline has been quite successful since it got in a carrier status in 1975. This was known as DTA Airlines in 1938 when it was initially started, whereas it was rebuilt as TAAG in 1973, which has more than 3,268 employees. This airline travels up to more than 31 destinations, whereas the main hub is located in the capital city, Luanda.
Museu Nacional de Antropologia is the national museum, which is situated in the capital city, Luanda and was insight on 13 November 1976. This Museum consists of the ancient collection and research about the Angolan culture. This museum has a collection of more than 6000 ancient cultural items, such as jewellery, fishing equipment and much more, which is divided into 2 floors and 14 rooms altogether.
The National Library has been founded in 1969 in Luanda, which consists of many olds historical books in all sorts of languages and makes up a volume of 84,000.
Estádio da Cidadela is the national stadium, which is also located in the capital of Angola; this stadium has the capacity of 40,000. Football matches are usually held in this stadium, however, besides football matches, other events such as festivals and musical concerts are also conducted here. This stadium proved to be an unsafe stadium from the top as it is not secure for the crowd, and no more events were conducted.
The national game of Angola is often considered as football since it is the most famous sport in the country, right after basketball. The Angolans enjoy the football game to their fullest as they also have their national team, which always participate in all the leagues and cup matches. The youths of Angola also play this game. The Angolans have also been practicing for the Olympics, whereas they are always keen to move forward in the games since it is about passion.
The National river of Angola is known as Kwanza, whereas it is connected towards the south of the capital city Luanda. It is connected with the Atlantic Ocean and ends toward it. The Angolan has a great significance towards this river as hey also named their currency after the name of their river.
Angola has many different mountains with very high altitude, such as Moco. This mountain is more than 8,000 meters long. There are many other mountains with similar heights.
There are many forests in Angola with many trees and animals. However, they are located on the coastal sides as well as other parts of the country. The forests do have many different species, which makes it even more attractive and beautiful, which attracts tourists.
The national tree of Angola is the Imbondeiro tree, which stands for as the Giant tree. This tree looks quite weird with no flowers or leaves since it is mostly present in a dry and hot climate, usually in parts of Africa. This tree seems useless and cannot survive, which is the opposite. This tree can survive up to more than a thousand years and can save up to 120,000 liters of water, which can live on severe drought or harsh climate. This tree is often known as the upside-down tree since; the branches are spread at the top of the tree similar to the branches below the ground.
Welwitschia is the national flower of Angola; this is also known as tree tumbo in English. The flower is usually present at the coast side if the Islands and city, as this flower has a very low growth rate, which threatens the existence of this flower in the future. The flower can cure the fungal infections present in the female cone. This has been very rare since it gets overgrazed by the animals, get damage by vehicles off-road as well as getting damage while collecting the wild plants.
The Giant Sable Antelope is the national animal of Angola whereas it is one of the endangered species, which is mostly found near the rivers and water sources to feed themselves. They get hunted at a large scale, causing extinction. Therefore, they have been preserved in the zoo and prohibited to hunt. These Sables have long curved horns, which help them protect and fight against their threats or enemies. However, this is more of a shy animal rather than aggressive unless it detects a threat, they can be quite aggressive at times.
The Red-crested Turaco is the national bird of Angola, which is very attractive with green and red color. It is mainly found in forests, whereas it sounds like a monkey; however, they are always found on trees as they come down for their basic needs such as food and water.
The palm fruit is the national fruit of Angola, whereas it is found in the palm trees located in the tropical areas. This fruit has a glossy red-orange colour, which is produced at a large scale. This fruit is produced at once together for the whole tree in the amount of 2000 whereas it takes more than 2 years to produce and another 2 years to fall gradually.
The Angolans have focused on their agriculture and have been producing a lot of goods as they great supply of water nutrients for the soil as well as manual labor. Angolans usually use all the types of vegetables, as their dishes require vegetables a lot. Therefore, it is quite difficult to choose one vegetable for the Angolans
The national dish of Angola is known as Muamba de Galinha, which is a stew made with mixtures of vegetables along with the chicken in olive oil, which is often served, by cassava maize or flour to enjoy the dish at the fullest. This dish is very famous all around the country as the delicious taste would urge you to give it another try later for sure.
Farofa is the national and one of the most famous sweet dish, which is made with several ingredients. This dish has been originated from Brazil. This dish consists of beans with rice and toasted manioc. However, it is far more different than the Brazilian dis, which is known as asfarofa.
All types of drinks are available in market, alcoholic, non-alcoholic, juices, and beers. However, traditional drinks are the most valuable and famous drinks in Angola. It is a non-alcoholic drink which can also be made in the house known as kissangua. Corn flour is used in the drink as it is also drunk in terms of the healing process.
There are numerous holidays in Angola however; the national holidays include the 11th of November, which is the day of independence, February 4th in remembrance of the commencement of the war in 1961. April 4 for the end of the civil war and September 17 in the remembrance of heroes who had struggled for the country. The national holiday is celebrated all over the country where work is off, and the schools are closed.
The economy has been increasing every year at a large scale since the civil was ended. The Gross domestic production has increased up to 11.1 percent during the first decade of the 21st century. This country has proved to be one of the most rapidly developing country in the whole world. Angola’s income is 180.5 billion PPP and is expected to increase even more in a few years. Therefore, life expectancy in the country is only 61.5 years.