National Day of Algeria is observed on July 5 every year. This day is a National Holiday in Algeria. It is celebrated to remember independence of Algeria from France on July 5th 1962. The War of Independence of Algeria started in November 1954. It ended in 1962 when French President Charles announced independence of Algeria country on 5 July. The celebrations start by flag Hoisting and singing Patriotic Songs and the national anthem. Parades and Speech by the President of Algeria is also a necessary ritual on Independence Day.
“Kassaman” or “Qassaman” is the national anthem of Algeria. Its translation in English means “We Swear” or “We pledge”. The lyrics of national anthem were written by Moufdi Zakaria. Egyptian composer Mohamed Fawzi composed the music. This song was adopted as the national anthem by Algeria when the country gained independence from France in 1962. The lyrics of this anthem reflect a war song. It is because it promotes nationalistic ideals as well as glorifies the actions of their party National Liberation Front. It also tells us about armed uprising and how it is the only way to gain independence. Even after being adopted in 1962, it was not before November 2008 that an amendment of the Constitution of Algeria was made which declared it as immutable and its association with the revolution of country.
The few starting lyrics of anthem are:
“We swear by the lightning that destroys,
By the streams of generous blood being shed,”
Algeria National Anthem Video And Download Link:
Algeria National Anthem Audio And Download Link:
The national flag of Algeria consists of two vertical bars that are green and white in color. These lines have a red star and crescent in center. This flag is significant for the Independence war of Algeria fought in 1952 to 1954. White color is used to represent peace. Green symbolizes Islam that is main religion of state. Red symbolizes the color of blood for those who fought and died to free the country from French colonization. This symbol shows that Islam is the prominent faith of country. The flag was adopted by Algeria in 3rd July 1962. A similar version of flag was used by the Algerian government when it went to exile from 1958 to 1962
The national emblem was adopted by Algeria in 1976. It shows Atlas Mountains and cityscape. An Arabic text encircles the emblem which translated to English means: “The People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria.” The traditional crescent of Islam rests below the mountains. The emblem is also found on flag of Algeria.
Algerian Arabic and Berber are native languages of Alergeria. These two languages are spoken by over 99% of Algerians. The Algerian Arabic is spoken by above 72% and Berber is spoken by 27.4% people. The constitution of 1963 made Arabic the official language, and this was also un-amended in the 1976 constitution. Berber is spoken in five main dialects in many parts of the country. It is spoken mainly in Kabylia, Awras as well as Algerian Sahara desert Due to colonial history of Algeria, French language is also widely used and spoken in country for government, culture, media, newspapers as well as education departments of country. French is also regarded as Lingua franca of Algeria. The Algerian schools also teach English as the secondary mandatory foreign language for students after French.
Capital of Algeria
Algeirs is the capital of Algeria. It is also the largest city of Algeria. The city’s population was estimated to be about 3,500,000 In 2011. Algiers is situated at the Mediterranean Sea which is located at the north-central portion of Algeria. The modern part of the city is built by the seashore. The older part or the ancient city is at the steep hill behind the modern town. The city’s name is taken from Arabic name Al-Jazā’ir, which means “The Islands”. This name is referred to the four former islands that lay off the coast of city before it became part of the mainland in 1525. Algiers played an important role in the Algerian War that lasted from 1954 to1962. Till 1993, the city had been a place of political demonstrations of all types. Algiers has a Mediterranean climate and it does not have extreme temperatures throughout the year. This city is known for its antriguing and ancient architecture and hundreds of mosques, cathedrals as well as villas.
The official currency of Algeria is called Algerian dinar. It was introduced in 1964. The word “dinar” is derived from the Roman denarius. It is abbreviated as DZD. The Algerian dinar was introduced after replacing the colonial Algerian franc. It was issued in banknotes and coins by the Central Bank of Algeria. Budju was the official currency of Algeria before the colonization of Algeria by France in the 19th century. Budju was made up of 24 subdivisions called muzuna. In 1964, coins in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 santeem.1 dinar was introduced, with 1, 2 and 5 santeem that was struck in aluminium. The 10, 20 and 50 santeem in aluminum bronze and the 1 dinar in cupro-nickel. A new series of coins was introduced consisting of 1⁄4, 1⁄2, 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 dinars in 1992. A 200 dinar bi-metallic coin was issued in 2012 on Independence Day of Algeria.
The traditional dress of Algeria is called “karakou”. It consists of a velvet jacket that is embroidered with gold threads. The jacket is worn with traditional Arab trousers called as saroual. The modern karakou is also used with a long skirt. Modern Algerians wear is a mix of traditional as well as European clothing. Men in Algeria traditionally wear white woolen cloaks that are called gandoura over a cotton shirt. Linen or wool burnous is also worn over the shoulders. Women are draped head to foot in the haik that is worn over loose pants that gather at ankle.
Air Algérie, also called Algeria Airlines, is the national airline of Algeria since last 70 years. Its head office is in Immeuble El-Djazair in Algiers.
Algeria Airlines operates scheduled international services to 39 destinations. The main flights are in 28 countries in Europe, North America, Africa, Asia as well as Middle East. The domestic services are to 32 airports from Houari Boumedienne Airport. In November 2010, Air Algérie invested €400 million to renew its fleet and launched in 2011.
Since 1968, Algeria airline is a member of the International Air Transport Association, the Arab Air Carriers Organization and of the African Airlines Association. As of December 2013, Air Algérie had been fully owned by Algerian government.
The National Museum of Fine Arts of Algiers is the main museum of Algeria. Itis a museum located in Algiers. Over 300 works of art were brought to the Louvre in Paris from the Museum on May 14th, 1962. The paintings department of this museum has European paintings of 14th to mid of 20th century paintings. These are arranged chronologically and main schools are in 35 rooms.
The National Library of Algeria was established since its Independence in 1960s. It was modeled like a large library established in 1835 by the French colonial authorities. A new building for museum was constructed in 1990s. It housed millions of volumes of the national library. The surface area of library is 67000m². It is designed to accommodate about 10 million books. It has the capacity to accommodate about 2500 readers at a time. It is the legal deposit and copyright for Algeria. This library contains multiple statistical data and also collects the selection and indexing of documentation about social and economic development of Algeria.
Stade du 5 Juillet 1962, also called El Djezair Stadium is the main stadium of Algeria. This stadium is a football and athletics stadium located in Algiers, Algeria. The stadium was opened in June 17, 1972 with a capacity of 95,000. Mustapha Tchaker Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Blida, Algeria. It is currently used mostly for football matches. It was opened in 26th February 2001.The stadium has a capacity of 37,000 people. This stadium is also home of the Algeria national football team.
The Algeria national football team is controlled by the Algerian Football Federation. Algeria joined FIFA , a year and a half after gaining independence. Algeria is one of the most significant countries in Africa and one that has won various championships and Olympic medals. The most popular and national sport in Algeria is football and soccer. Some other famous sports in Algeria are handball, martial arts, boxing as well as basketball.
Chelif River is the longest river in Algeria. It is 700-kilometre Long River in Algeria. It rises in the Saharan Atlas near Aflou city. It flows through the Tell Atlas into the Mediterranean Sea. The water level in the river fluctuates mostly.
The Atlas Mountain Range is upto 2400km miles across Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco. It creates a border among Mediterranean sea and Sahara desert. It is also near many remote Arab villages in Algeria. Another major mountain is Saharan Atlantas. This mountain Range is located at eastern section of the Atlas Mountains. Djebel Aissa is the tallest peak in the Saharan Atlas, with height of 2236 meters. National Animal
The Fennec Fox is the National Animal of Algeria. It has disproportionately large ears, pointy nose as well as slanted eyes. The nickname of the national football team of Algeria is also named after this fox, Les Fennecs.
There are about twenty national parks in Zambia. Some of them are not well maintained and do not contain facilities and lesser number of animals. Others which have high concentrations of animals are popular with tourists. However about three national parks of Zambia are world-famous. Kafue National Park is famous for its animals. It is one of the world’s largest national parks. South Luangwa National Park is famous for African wildlife. Nyika National Park is known for its highland scenery and vegetation.
The national flower of Algeria is Iris Tectorum. The iris represents royalty. This royal flower comes to garden from the beginning to the middle of summer. This majestic flower have colors which range from multiple shades of purple and blue to yellow, white, pink, red, chartreuse, brown and also black. There is a different iris for each occasion. Some of this flower’s meanings are hope, trust, wisdom and courage. Most species of iris grow from seed however some take many years to start flowering.
Couscous is considered the national dish of Algeria. It is semolina like pasta that is made from cracked wheat. It is a staple food in Algeria and North Africa. Chickpea-cakes are also added as a side dish to make it cheap and tasty. Tajine is another popular dish of Algeria that is composed of stew.
Mint tea is a famous drink of Algeria. Sweet and string coffee is another popular drink of Algeria.
Eid al-Fitr.is a national holiday of Algeria celebrated on 5 June. The festival of Eid al-Fitr is after the end of Ramadan, the Month of Fasting. Independence Day is celebrated on 5 July each year. It marks its Independence from France in 1962. Eid al-Adha. is celebrated on 12 August
The Gross domestic product of Algeria is 170.4 million US dollar as of 2017. Its GNI per capita is 15050 PPP dollars per capita as of 2017. Algeria exports about 90% of its crude oil to the Western Europe. The largest gas and petroleum deposits of Algeria are situated in the Eastern Sahara. They are transported to many sea ports by use of pipelines. Algeria also has minerals of iron ore, phosphates, zinc, coal, salt and lead. The World Bank has classified Algeria as a nation of upper-middle income..